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The Future of Nanotechnology

Aaron Varghese
by

Aaron Varghese

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of The Future of Nanotechnology

The Future of Nanotechnology
Aaron, Ajay, Arpit, Nachiket and Punit
What is Nanotechnology?
What is a nanometer?
The study of very small things
Nanomedicine
The use of nanotechnology in the medical field
Diagnostics of Today
Diagnostics of the Future
• Detailed examination of cells

• Small amounts of material

• Faster and more sensitive
Treatments
Surgery
One billionth of a meter
1/80,000 the width of a human hair
Atoms and molecules measured in nanometers
Used across chemistry, biology, physics, engineering
Ability to see and control single atoms and molecules
Everything is made up of atoms
Can help us understand chemical and physical properties
Potential to change the world as we know it
Diverse technology
The Next BIG Thing
tiny
In the future, it will be used for:
Drugs
Therapeutics
Surgery
Medical Robotics
Diagnostics
Treatment
Body Sculpting
Immunity
Blood tests
CAT scans
CT scans
Biopsy
MRI
X-rays
Ultrasounds
Nanotechnology for imaging
Quantum Dots
QDots
Diagnosis of Cancer
Tiny nanocrystals
Use their proteins to bind to proteins on cancer cells
Fluorescent when injected
High resolution images with color
Image indicates tumor type
Allows diagnosis of a single cell
Nanoscale Probes
Nanoscale Probes
Nanoparticle-based bioassay
Nanoparticle-based Bioassay
Bioassay : scientific experiment
Rapid detection of bacteria
Current diagnostics have a delay in getting results
Can detect bacteria within 20 minutes
Nanofluidic Devices
Nanofluidic Devices
Nanotechnology aiming for the control of bodily fluids
Trapping and examination of single molecules such as DNA
New way to detect cancer
Expected to be used in pathogen detection, drug development, and personalized medicine
Medical Robotics
Personalized Medicine
Drug Delivery
Nanodentistry
Surgery
Tiny robots and instruments perform microsurgeries
Precise and accurate
Targets only where the surgery should be done
Does not damage other parts of body
No surgeon will be needed
Computers control nano-sized instruments
Medical Robotics
Nanorobots injected
Perform treatment on cells
Programmable devices
Improving respiratory capacity
Homeostasis
Immune system
Repair brain damage
Rewrite DNA sequences
Drug Delivery
Nanoparticles deliver drugs, light, heat, etc to specific cells
Particles are attracted to cells that have diseases
Direct treatment of the problem cells
Reduce damage of healthy cells
Nanoparticles to deliver chemotherapy drugs to cancer cells
Nanodentistry
Oral health will improve
Dental nanorobotics
Tissue engineering
Quick and painless realignment of teeth
Swim through human tissue, and change surroundings
Change or monitor nerve cells
Personalized Medicine
Tailored to individual's needs
Based on genetic make-up
Prevents bad side-effects
Conclusion
Important role
Replaces current treatment and diagnostic methods
Huge impact on healthcare industry
Diseases will be prevented rather than cured

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