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Edwards Ethos, Pathos, Logos
Transcript of Edwards Ethos, Pathos, Logos
Essential Question: How do writers make their ideas persuasive and convincing?
1. Identify & analyze the
rhetorical appeals of
in Jonathan Edwards’ sermon “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.”
2. Use logos, pathos, and ethos to convince an audience to have sympathy on you and to take action.
1. You have been caught cheating on a math test.
2. How will you convince your mom and dad to change your curfew time?
3. Convince your friends to ditch the game and go with you to see the movie.
Jonathan Edwards is a master of words; he will never use a word or a phrase without having a persuasive intent.
Today, we are going to learn about some of the persuasive appeals that Edwards used in his sermon that made his writing convincing and powerful.
Let's see some rhetoric in action!
EXAMPLE #1:Michelle Obama “The More You Know” public service
Huh?! What does that mean?
Rhetoric = the art & study of using language persuasively
1. What's the First Lady's message?
2. Who's her intended audience?
3. What makes her speech persuasive?
Ok, so those persuasive elements actually have an official name!
We say "to appeal to_____"
logic, reasons, argument
We say "to appeal ____"
Pathos = words that get at our feelings & emotion
-Emotional tone (humor, sarcasm,
We say "to appeal to ___"
Ethos = Author's character or credibility. It's how the author gets us to trust him/her
What effect does ETHOS have on the audience?
Helps reader to see the author as reliable, trustworthy, competent, and credible.
The reader might respect the author or his/her views.
What effect does PATHOS have on an audience?
Evokes an emotional response.
Persuasion by emotion.
Evoking fear, sympathy, empathy, anger, etc.
of logos on the audience?
Evokes a rational response. Readers get a sense of, “Oh, that makes sense” or “Hmm, that really doesn’t prove anything.”
Identify LOGOS, PATHOS, ETHOS in this excerpt from Edwards' Sermon:
So that, thus it is that natural men are held in the hand of God, over the pit of hell; they have deserved the fiery pit, and are already sentenced to it; and God is dreadfully provoked, his anger is as great towards them as to those that are actually suffering the executions of the fierceness of his wrath in hell; and they have done nothing in the least to appease or abate that anger, neither is God in the least bound by any promise to hold them up one moment; the devil is waiting for them, hell is gaping for them, the flames gather and flash about them, and would fain lay hold on them, and swallow them up; the fire pent up in their own hearts is struggling to break out: and they have no interest in any Mediator, there are no means within reach that can be any security to them. In short, they have no refuge, nothing to take hold of.
-Author's profession or background
-Appearing sincere, knowledgeable
-Appropriate vocabulary, grammar
-Appropriate language for audience & subject
turn! Show us whatcha got! Your task is to identify
rhetorical appeal in Edwards' sermon.
Work w/your shoulder partner. You should both have the SAME examples.
You have 15 minutes.
Let's go back to our warm-up scenarios. Read your response for each.
Turn to the back of your Edwards notes. Show us what you've learned today about ETHOS, PATHOS, LOGOS.
Now, let's look back at Michelle Obama's public service announcement to identify examples of appeals to
October 5th Warm-up:
1. Complete the Puritan themes review. Use your notes from last class.
You have 5 minutes.
Work individually & quietly.
You'll have a
on the 3 Puritan themes AND on today's lesson on the following day:
Block 4: Fri. 10/12
Block 6: Wed. 10/10
Block 4: Complete "Exit Pass"...due Wed. 10/10
Plight of an Alexandrian Teen
...due Wed. 10/10
The Plight of the Alexandrian Teen
You have a blog post due today!
Block 4 by 3:15
Block 6 by 4pm