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Transcript of Marcus Garvey
The UNIA had enough support to help start the Black Star Line Steamship Company A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots. - Marcus Garvey When and Where Marcus Garvey was born in St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica on August 17, 1887 The life of Marcus Garvey Marcus Garvey's Philosophy Who Did Garvey Influence? African American Capitalism Marcus Garvey Garveyism Sources Garvey believed there could be no peace for any blacks in American. He believed that blacks needed to return to Africa. Malcolm X believe that there needed to be a Nation of Islam carved out of the United States, a country for all enslaved blacks. The theory of moving the blacks from one location to another that Garvey implanted in Malcolm X. Malcolm X's belief in a Nation of Islam carved out of the US, moving black people to a separate area isn't far to different from Garvey's belief that African-Americans believe in returning blacks to Africa. Marcus Garvey argued that African Americans' quest for social equality was a delusion. He believed that only in Africa was self-emancipation possible. Basically, he wanted an African diaspora. UNIA-ACL Universal Negro Improvement Association Marcus Garvey first found out racial discrimination existed in the Jamaican society at the age of 14. His childhood friend and neighbor, a white female was sent to school in England and told not to write him because he was a "nigger".
In London, he learned a lot about African culture and became interested in blacks in the U.S., because he befriended a guy named Duse Muhammad, he gained an international perspective of the struggles of Africans around the world. Defining Moments - African Communities League Founded in 1914 by Garvey in Jamaica
Took root in America in 1917, in NY, NY “Garveyism” is the term used to describe the body of thought and organizational activities associated with Marcus Mosiah Garvey of Jamaica.
In 1914, Garvey organized the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (the UNIA).
The basic organizing principle rested on the establishment of an international organization that constituted a government in exile for a revitalized African people in global dispersion from their homeland.
The goals and principles appealed mainly to segments of the working class who sought a clearer identity along racial lines as well as a means to express their rising sense of group destiny, a nationalistic phenomenon observable around the globe in the aftermath of World War I. Their Doctrine http://debate.uvm.edu/dreadlibrary/winnick.html Self-help, unity, pride, and equality
An economically independent African Race
Unifying the worldwide African community through open communication and economic ties Rastafarianism http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/garvey/sfeature/sf_forum_12.html Black Star Line Steamship Company Marcus Mosiah Garvey, He was the youngest of eleven siblings . Marcus Garvey hoped that by starting
the Black Star Line Steamship Company,
it would become a symbol of the
Back-to-Africa-Movement. (1919 to 1922) The Black Star Line tried to promote worldwide commerce among black communities. Frederick Douglass The End of the Line The steamship company was marked from the beginning by strange deals. Most of the ships that they bought were not worth the price they paid for them. One ship sank and another one blew up, killing one man. Engineers overcharged the Black Star Line. They were sabotaged by the Bureau of . The Black Star Line was hurt from the inside by mismanagement. http://www.uri.org/kids/other_rasta.htm http://debate.uvm.edu/dreadlibrary/parmett.html
http://www.tagteammarketing.com/MarcusGarvey/Impact/index.cfm The Black star Line ended in disaster. In the end, the company lost over $1.25 million. The venture was shut down in 1922 amidst the accusations of mail fraud. Burning Spear "I don't know how other people see music," reggae legend Burning Spear reflects. "Some people might see it based upon money, some people might see music based upon opportunity and access. But I see music as life. I see music as inspiration." Malcolm X Harlem Renaissance Garvey was a major figure of the Harlem Renaissance. He made a huge influence because he believed in separation. The Renaissance believed the same as him. Since there were many "whites" using their literacy and artistic movements in many museums, they thought of the Renaissance which had only african-american artistic quality. Winston Rodney, born March 1, 1945, also known as Burning Spear, is a Jamaican roots reggae singer and musician. Burning Spear is known for his Rastafari movement messages. Rodney was born in Saint Ann's Bay, Saint Ann, Jamaica, as political activist Marcus Garvey who had a great influence on Rodney's life: Garvey in his philosophy, which Burning Spear greatly took to. Music a way for people to express their feelings, for black people, the oppression they have been through that has lead to this deep meaning behind reggae music. It is what opened their voices to the world and let other people hear their message. And so did Winston Rodney.
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Marcus_Garvey.aspx Marcus Garvey was more of an influence on Malcolm X's father then on Malcolm himself. His father spread Garvey's beliefs through his preaching. As a result of his teachings, his house was burned and he was later killed. Marcus Garvey, Leonard P. Howell, and Haile Selassie were great inspirations to the Rastafarian movement.
Many Rasta's look at Garvey as a prophet
Leonard P. Howell is the man that started the first branch of Rastafarian movement.
Rastafarianism began in Jamaica, in 1930.
The name itself comes from Prince Haile Selassie, whose real name is Ras Tafari.
Many people believed that he was the black messiah that Marcus Garvey was always talking about.
Many Rasta's believe that the white man is the oppressor.
Rasta's believe in part of the bible as well as African beliefs and traditions. The Rastafarian movement has taken the idea Ethiopianism and incorporated these beliefs and ideas into their everyday lifestyles
The colors of he Rastafarian movement re red, black, green, and yellow.
Red: represents the church triumphant this is the church of the Rastas, also a symbol for blood of all persecuted black people.
Black: represents he color of the skin of Africans
Green: represents the beauty and vegetation in Ethiopia
Yellow: represents wealth of their homeland. Garvey's family was financially stable and had a large library, because of it Garvey loved to read Garvey self educated himself. At age of 14 he became a printer's apprentice. He eventually started traveling around the central America region. In the fall of 1917, a year and a half after arriving to the united states Garvey established the headquarters of the U.N.I.A. http://www.tagteammarketing.com/Site/Graphics/People/MarcusGarvey/I_MarcusGarveyCoins_Jamaica_300.jpg In Harlem he found an eager audience among disaffected west indian immigrants. Garvey headquarters grew more and more with the end of world war I, it was the largest black organization in history. later on in life Garvey started an association for blacks (Negros) to have an independent nation. Over the years Marcus had millions of followers, but as he had followers he had enemies. many called him a lunatic. He inspired african americans to support his economic enterprises with their hard earn money yet lost hundreds of thousands of dollars in the mismanagement of those schemes. The most notable of Garvey's rivals Impacted Countries FUN FACTS
*Rastas wear dreadlocks because they do not believe in cutting or combing their hair.
*They are vegetarians and grow their own food.
*They don't believe in smoking cigarettes or drinking alcohol or coffee but they do believe in smoking marijuana since its a natural and beneficial herb. Major One W.E.B. Du Bois, described him as "dictatorial, domineering, inordinately vain and very suspicious." In 1923 Garvey was successfully prosecuted and convicted for mail fraud in connection with stock selling for the Black Star Line. Jamaica
United States Others Garvey served two years in jail and later was immediately deported to London. By the time of Garvey's death in London in 1940, the U.N.I.A .was a mere shadow of what it had been. With his dreams of Pan African unity and economic. Ghana
South Africa Marcus Garvey Prophecy Impacted Movements 1. Rastafari Movement
-As described in a previous slide.
- This movement was influneced by Marcus Garvey because the holiday of kwanzaa is a african holiday where candles that are Red, Green and Black all symbolizing something about the people Africa. The colors were based off of Marcus Garvey's national colors of Africa. Black Panthers The Black Panthers had the same philosophy of seperation that Garvey believed in. They wanted segreation not integration becuase they did not want the help of the white peoplel