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Multi-dimensional Self-Esteem Inventory (MSEI)

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on 26 September 2014

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Transcript of Multi-dimensional Self-Esteem Inventory (MSEI)

Administration of MSEI
Testing Scales in MSEI
Global Self Esteem (GSE)
measures overall feelings of positive self-worth and adequacy

Components of Self-Esteem (8 items)
self-evaluations at an intermediate level of generality and exert influence on the higher evaluative domain of Global Self Esteem
Competency (CMP) :
being capable, able to learn
Lovability (LVE) :
worthiness of love and being loved
Likeability (LKE) :
making an impression on others
Self-control (SFC) :
goal-setting, control of emotions
Personal power (PWR) :
impact and influence on others
Moral Self-approval (MOR) :
level of satisfaction with moral

values and behaviour
Body appearance (BAP):
value placed on physical appearance
Body Functioning(BFN) :
health, physical condition of the body
MSEI Profile
Scoring of MSEI
Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory (MSEI)
Zainab Bukhari
Carolyn Chan
Soo Jung Kim
Soo Jin Park

OT9542 Evaluating Occupation in Context
Testing Scales in MSEI (cont'd)
Theoretical Background
Evaluation of personality = examination of self-concept, and self-esteem

Based on a model of self-concept and self-esteem by Epstein (1980)

Self-evaluation is structured in a hierarchy

The MSEI...
Objective self-report inventory which measures components of self-esteem

Created in 1980

By Edward J. O’Brien, Ph.D. and Seymour Epstein, Ph.D.
Psychometric Properties of MSEI
Campbell, J.D., &Fairey, P.J. (1985). Effects of self-esteem, hypothetical explanations, and verbalization of expectancies on future performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1097-111

Mruk, C.J. Self-Esteem: Research, Theory, and Practice. 2nd Ed. (1999). NY: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.

O'Brien, E. J., & Epstein, S. (1987, 1988). MSEI: The Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.
On the hierarchy...
Highest level: “global self-esteem”

Intermediate level: components more specific to certain domains

Lowest level: elements with little influence on global self-esteem or situation-specific performance
Interpretation of MSEI is to be done by qualified professional, who is trained in the use and interpretation of personality tests
MSEI is appropriate for...
Individual or group administration with college students (18-22)

Someone with reading skills above grade 10 level
MSEI may be administered by paraprofessionals without extensive training in testing
Professional Manual
MSEI Rating Sheet
Identity Integration (IDN)
organization of self-experience and measures n individual's views of the efficiency of his or her self-concept in shaping life experience

Defensive Self-enhancement (DEF)
allows differentiation between individuals who have 'truly high' self-esteem and those who have 'defensively high' self-esteem

Thank you
Internal consistency and the stability of this assessment tool have been studied and the authors found them to be satisfactorily high

Very thorough studies were conducted by the researchers to analyze the construct validity, correlating MSEI’s scores with other tools measuring several personality variables, such as Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and Generalized Expectancy for Success Scale (GESS) to obtain an expected result

Why Choose MSEI Over Other Tools Measuring Self-Esteem?
Mruk, C.J. Self-Esteem: Research, Theory, and Practice. 2nd Ed. (1999). NY: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.

Cost efficient
Can easily be administered, scored, and interpreted for a group of participants
Easily provides the t-score
Presence of the Defensiveness scale
The Defensiveness scale is helpful to determine one’s feeling of anxiety regarding their self-esteem
A high score on the Defensiveness scale indicates that the individual has some difficulty with self-esteem
A low score on the Defensiveness scale indicates a positive phenomenon
"I nearly always feel that I am physically attractive."
"Most people that know me consider me to be a highly talented and competent person."
"I feel that I have a lot of potential as a leader."
"People nearly always enjoy spending time with me"
"I am sometimes concerned over my lack of self-control"
"There have been occasions where I have taken advantage of someone."
"I sometimes have a poor opinion of myself."
Interpretation of MSEI
Supporting Research
MSEI has been examined and employed in numerous experiments by other associated and independent researchers

These studies either directly or indirectly address the validity of the MSEI and the scope of potential use of the MSEI scales

Supporting Research (cont'd)
• Subjects were divided into high and low self-esteem groups based on total scores (sum of all component self-esteem scales) on the MSEI

• Findings: Depression and self-esteem may be strongly related to differences in explanatory style for negative outcomes

• Clinical significance: Treatments based on eliciting positive pre-behavioural cognitions may be effective in treating individuals with chronic low expectancies (e.g ., low self-esteem, depressed, low achievement, shy)

Campbell, J.D., &Fairey, P.J. (1985). Effects of self-esteem, hypothetical explanations, and verbalization of expectancies on future performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1097-111
Interpretation of MSEI (cont'd)
Interpretation of T scores
T scores presented on the profile forms are normalized linear transforms of raw scores which have a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 10

Low scores are typically of concern for all scales except DEF

For DEF, high score is typically of concern, since it suggests defensiveness and biased self-presentation
Full transcript