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Olmec Art

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by

Cassandra Caragan

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of Olmec Art

Olmec Art
Art and Culture
Colossal Heads or Stone Heads
Nearly 9 feet tall
About 40 tons
Represented individual Olmec leaders.
Disappearance
Toward the first millennium B.C. the Olmec civilization mysteriously disappeared.
Questions
What materials did the Olmecs use in their art?

What archaeological term refers to the Olmec birthplace?

What did the Colossal/ Stone heads represente?
The
Olmec Heartland
is the archaeological term referring to the Gulf Lowlands that is believed to be the birthplace of the Olmec civilization.

San Lorenzo, Tenochtitlan 1400 BC.
Location
Olmec Jadeite Mask (1000-600 B.C.)
Associated with rejuvenation after death
 Jaguars represent religious beliefs associated with the gods of rain and fertility.

Jade Figurines
Bowl (Tecomate)
1200-1000 BC
Made of clay
Used for everyday storage.
Pottery
Depicted a lot of animals and their gods.
Believed to have practice human sacrifice.
Known for their colossal stone heads
They also have many other art forms such as ceramics, cave paintings, jade figurines and jewelry, ornate thrones, and many other sculptures made from different mediums.
Some common mediums used by the Olmec are stone, wood, and jade.
San Lorenzo Head 1
2.9 m high, 2.1 m wide
Stone Head
San Lorenzo Head 3
Both can be seen in the Xalapa Anthropological Museum
Full transcript