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Adverbs vs Adjectives

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Melody Kowach

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Adverbs vs Adjectives

Adverbs vs Adjectives
Nouns and Verbs
Nouns: Person, Place, or Thing.
Adjectives
Adjectives describe / specify a noun.
Adverbs
Adverbs describe/specify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs
Verbs: Action
Ever sentence must have a verb. The verb describes what the subject is doing.
The subject of a sentence is often the noun.
Lassie barked.
Example: The worried dog barked.
Tip: Adjectives often answers the following questions: what kind, how many, or which one?
What kind of dog?
Example: The three cats meowed.
Example: The first cow mooed.
How many?
Which one?
Meow
Meow
Meow
Example: The squirrel ran quickly.
Tip: Adverbs often end in -ly
They often answer the questions how, when and where.
Example: The eggs will hatch soon.
Example: The pig rolled around outside.
How?
When?
Where?
How do I figure it out?
Identify the nouns and verbs and ask yourself, what are the other words doing in relation to those?
Example: The angry chickens clucked incessantly.
What is the noun?
What is the verb?
Which are the other words describing?
Noun
Verb
What is this describing?
What is this describing?
Practice : The deer strolled quietly through the peaceful woods.
Practice : The fluffy sheep looked at the ferocious dog suspiciously.
Noun
Verb
What are these describing?
Noun
Verb
Noun
What are these describing
?
Additional Rules
Typically the adjective is next to the noun it modifies. However, when the words are out of order and there is a verb between the adjective and the noun, the adjective always follows a form of the "to be" verb.
Examples:
I was nervous.
She has been sick all week.
They tried to be helpful.
The difference between Good and Well :

Good is an Adjective

Well is an Adverb!

Therefore, you can't say things like "She writes good." Good is meant to modify the noun. To describe how she is writing, you must use Well.

The same goes for "She looks well." Well is meant to describe a verb, so to say she looks good, you are saying she is good at looking.
Be careful to notice whether the word modifies the subject or the verb in the sentence. If the word modifies the subject, you should use an adjective. If the word modifies the verb, you should use an adverb.

This apple smells sweet.
Here sweet is an adjective that modifies the noun apple. Using the adverb sweetly here would not make sense, because it would mean that the apple can smell things in a sweet manner.

Your dog smells carefully.
Here carefully is an adverb that modifies the verb smells. Using the adjective careful here would not make sense, because it would mean that the dog gives off an odor of carefulness.
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