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Transcript of CEREBRAL PALSY
What Causes CP? Who is at Risk?
CP: What Does it Affect?
Cerebral Palsy affects the brain and the spinal cord--the central nervous system--as well as the surrounding nerves--the peripheral nervous system (Campellone 2015). More specifically, CP involves a failure in proper function of the complex neuronal circuits of the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex. It reveals itself in abnormality of neurons, interstitial tissues, or blood vessels of the brain that may manufacture tumors, or it may be shown in an irregular chemistry of the brain (Encyclopedia Britannica 2016).
What is Cerebral Palsy?
Cerebral Palsy is a term that encompasses an array of neurological disorders that prevail early on in a child's life. It is caused by an abnormality or disruption in brain development. These abnormalities disrupt the brain's ability to control movement and maintain posture/balance (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke 2016).
two most common symptoms
are a lack of muscle control and overemphasized reflexes (Campellone 2016).
Other signs/symptoms include:
Using one side of the body more than the other
Tremors or ticks
Lack of coordination/balance; Difficulty walking
Difficulty with speech
Loss of hearing/eyesight
Children with a low birth weight, premature birth, and infections during pregnancy are at a higher risk of developing CP (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke 2016). Other factors that may lead to problems with brain development include random mutations in genes that control brain development, fetal stroke, lack of oxygen to the brain (asphyxia), and traumatic head injury (Mayo Clinic 2013). Cerebral Palsy is not contagious or communicable (CerebralPalsy.org 2016). In addition, it is nonhereditary and non-progressive; CP generally does not worsen over time (MyChild 2016).
(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke 2016), (Bocheck 2016), (Mayo Clinic 2016).
17 Million Diagnosed with CP Worldwide
are diagnosed with CP each year
1 in 323 children
in the US have been diagnosed with CP; There are
living with the disease in total (Centers for Disease Control and Protection 2016).
CP is more common in males with a
male to female ratio (CDC 2009).
Globally, CP rates stand at
2 to 3 diagnoses per 1,000 live births
(Morris and Condie 2009).
of children with CP also have co-occurring epilepsy
The risk of CP is
5 to 10 times greater
in poor countries (Morris and Condie 2009).
Funding Research for Cerebral Palsy
How does CP affect
Cerebral Palsy s mentioned before, CP is the number one motor disability in children. CP affects the central and peripheral nervous systems, two very complex parts of the body. With research funding from the National Institutes of Health, we hope to gain more knowledge about the disease and therefore work towards a prevention and possibly a cure or helpful treatments.
All Works Cited
Bocheck, Kimberlee. "Cerebral Palsy - Learn Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment." Cerebral Palsy Guide. N.p., 2016. Web. 28 May 2016.
Campellone, Joseph V. Medline Plus. 2015. “Cerebral Palsy.” Accessed May 26. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000716.htm
CDC.2009. “Data and Statistics for Cerebral Palsy” Accessed May 30, 2016. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/cp/data.html#references (Links to an external site.)
Centers for Disease Control and Protection. 2016. “Data & Statistics for Cerebral Palsy.” Accessed May 26. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/cp/data.html.
"Cerebral Palsy: Hope Through Research." Cerebral Palsy: Hope Through Research. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 15 Mar. 2016. Web. 29 May 2016.
Cerebralpalsy.org."Signs and Symptoms", accessed May 29, 2016, http://www.cerebralpalsy.org/about-cerebral-palsy/sign-and-symptoms (Links to an external site.)
"Definition." Cerebralpalsy.org. Stern Law, PLLC, n.d. Web. 28 May 2016. Glogowska, Urszula. Where Movement Problems Occur. Digital image. Motivated Parent - Successful Child. Blogspot, n.d. Web. 28 May 2016. <http://slpzone.blogspot.com/2013/03/cerebral-palsy-cp.html>.
Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. "cerebral palsy", accessed May 29, 2016, http://www.britannica.com/science/cerebral-palsy (Links to an external site.).
"GMFCS E&R (Gross Motor Function Classification System – Extended and Revised)." Cerbrall Palsy Alliance. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016.
Heasley, Shaun. Sunrise Group. 2015. “CDC Reports ‘No Drop in Cerebral Palsy Prevalence.’” Accessed May 26.
Mayo Clinic.2013. “Cerebral Palsy: Causes.” Accessed May 28, 2016. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cerebral-palsy/basics/causes/con-20030502 (Links to an external site.)
Mongia, Dr. Sanjay.2011."Cerebral Palsy", accessed May 29, 2016, http://stemcelltreatments.in/cerebral_palsy (Links to an external site.)
Morris, Christopher, and Condie, David. 2009. Recent Developments in Healthcare for Cerebral Palsy: Implications and Opportunities for Orthotics. Denmark: International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics.
MyChild at Cerebral Palsy.org. 2016. “Cause of Cerebral Palsy.” Accessed May 27. http://www.cerebralpalsy.org/about-cerebral-palsy/cause
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. 2016. “NINDS Cerebral Palsy Information Page.” Accessed May 26. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cerebral_palsy/cerebral_palsy.htm.
NINDS.2013."Cerebral Palsy: Hope Through Research."NIH Publication No. 13-159.