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24 Rules of Subject Verb Agreement in Standard

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by

Cecilia Mi

on 11 November 2014

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Transcript of 24 Rules of Subject Verb Agreement in Standard

When sentences start with “
there
” or “
here
,” the subject will always be placed after
There
is
a problem with the balance sheet.
Here
are
the papers you requested
6. If two subjects are joined by and, they typically require a
plural

verb
form.

Subjects and verbs must agree in number.
This is the cornerstone rule that forms the background of the concept
Prepositional phrases between the subject and verb usually do not affect
agreement.

The 24 Rules of Subject Verb Agreement in Standard
English

Example
The

dog

barks

when he is angry.
The
dogs

bark
when they are angry.

Example
The
colors
of the rainbow
are
beautiful.

Example:
The cow
and
the pig
are jumping

over the moon.
Don’t get confused by the words that come between the subject and verb; they do
not affect agreement.
The
dog
, who is chewing on my jeans,

is

usually very good.

the verb, so care needs to be taken to identify it correctly.

The verb is
singular
if the two subjects separated by
and
refer to the same person or
thing.
Red beans and rice

is

my mom's favorite dish.

If the words

each, every
, or
no
come before the subject, the verb is
singular
.

No

smoking and drinking

is

allowed.
Every

man and woman

is

required to check in.
Jessica or Christian

is

to blame for the accident

If the subjects are both singular and are connected by the words

or
,
nor
,
neither/nor
,
either/or
,

and
not only/but

also
the verb is
singular
.

The only time when the
object of the preposition
factors into the decision of plural
or singular verb forms is when

noun and pronoun subjects

like

some
,
half
,
none
,
more
,
all
,
etc
.
are
followed by a prepositional phrase
. In these sentences, the

object of the
preposition

determines the form of the verb.

All

of the

chicken

is

gone.




All of the
students

are

gone.


The
singular verb form
is usually used for

units of measurement.


Four

quarts of oil

was

required to get the car running.
singular verb
OP
pronoun
verb

If the

subjects are both plural

and are connected by the words

or, nor, neither/nor,
either/or,

and

not only/but also
,
the verb is

plural.

Standing
in the water
was
a bad idea.

Swimming

in the ocean and

playing drums
are

my hobbies.


Subjects don't always come before verbs in questions. Make sure you accurately
identify the subject before deciding on the proper verb form to use

Does
Lefty

usually
eat

grass?
Where
are
the
pieces
of this puzzle.
Dogs and cats
are

both available at the pound.



If

one subject is singular and one plural
and the words are connected by the words

or, nor, neither/nor, either/or,
and
not only/but also,
you use the verb form of the
subject that is

nearest

the verb.


Do your

sisters or your girlfriend

want

any pizza?


Indefinite pronouns

typically take
singular
verbs.


Example
Everybody

wants

to be loved.


*
Except for the pronouns
(
few, many, several, both
)
that always take the
plural
form.

Example
Few

were

left alive after the flood
If

two infinitives

are separated by
'
and'

they take the

plural
form of the verb.


Example
To
walk and to chew gum

require

great skill.


When
gerunds
are used as the subject of a sentence they take the
singular verb

form of the verb, but when they are linked by
'and'
they take
the plural form.
Example
Collective nouns

like
herd, senate, class, crowd, jury, crew, etc.
take a
singular

verb
form when they act as a
single unit
. They take a
plural verb
form when the
members or parts of the group are
acting individually.

Example
The
jury has
decided on its verdict.
The
jury have
different opinions about the verdict.


Titles of books, movies, novels, etc.

are treated as
singular

and take a singular
verb.

Example
The
Burbs


is


a movie starring Tom Hanks.


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18.
Some nouns are always plural and always take a plural verb.

Trousers, pants, slacks, shorts, briefs, jeans
• Glasses, sunglasses
• Scissors, pliers, tweezers

21.
My jeans are old.
Some nouns have the same singular and plural form. They take singular or plural verb depending on the meaning. e.g. species, series, deer, fish, sheep
22.
This species of monkeys lives only in India.
There are many species of monkeys.

Some nouns look plural with –s but they take a singular verb. (Politics, Mathematics, News,Statistics)
23.
Statistics requires complicated methods.
Generic references with the require plural verb.
24.
The rich are not always happy.
Full transcript