Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Elements of Literature
Transcript of Elements of Literature
Elements of Literature
point of view:
figurative language /symbolism:
style, tone, mood, irony: All 3 are devices used to convey meaning, create a structure for the story, sense of reality, and author attitude
author's arrangement & sequencing of action in a story;
can move chronologically (through TIME), spatially (through
SPACE), &emphatically (degrees of emphasis)
background information; situates the characters & gives a frame of reference
2. rising action
sequencing of events, feelings and dialogue that force the action towards a climax
moment of greatest emotional tension in a story; often found
towards the end of a story
a hint, usually a figurative suggestion of things to come
conflict is resolved--often no resolution in modern & postmodern lit
context of the action of story, frames the characters according to:
the subjects influencing or being influenced by events and setting; all characters possess MOTIVATION that explains their thoughts, feelings, actions and speech
Protagonist: main character; engages reader's interest & sympathy
Antagonist: force that opposes the protagonist, often the "Bad Guy"
Secondary character: characters that help move along plot, but aren't primary agents
Dynamic: changes often through redemption, lessons learned
Static: can be flat or round but neither changes nor evolves
Flat: one-dimensional BUT can become round
Round: multidimensional, psychologically complex character
Stock: stereotypical character; often created from multitude off cliches and social prejudices
Foil: provides a contrast or conflict for antoher characer--often for the protagonist
person vs. person
person vs. society
person vs. nature
person vs. God
person vs. himself
person vs. machine
A class of wills or forces often between an ANTAGONIST and a PROGTAGONIS which is either INTERNAL (person vs. self or EXTERNAL forces:
deals with the narrator (who is telling the story) & the perceptions he or she brings. The NARRATIVE VOICE filters the action, setting, and characters of the story.
1. First person (I, we, etc.): Just one character's consciousness is revealed
a character, object, setting, action, name, etc. that maintains its literal (denotative) meaing but suggests a figurative (connotative) meaning.
visual allegory: "Voyage of Life-- Youth" by Edward Cole
Conventional: symbols that are understood and shared by large groups of people or a culture
Literary: symbols can be conventional, but are established internally by the context of the work in which they appear
Allegory: while symbols are suggestive, allegory has a fixed, definite figurative meaning; only ONE abstract idea can be cgenearted by a concrete object
Metaphor: figure of speech that makes an indirect comparison between two unlike subjects.
Simile: Compares two unlike items (like metaphors) BUT introduces them with the words "like" or "as"
This film has been called a metaphor for both apartheid in S. Africa and U.S. anti-Mexican sentiment
Love is like a rose
Kirk, Spock, & McCoy = symbols for Logic, Reason, and Emotion
Types of STYLE Conventions:
Diction--word choices can be succinct, terse, humorous, slang, sophisticated, etc.
Length/Type of Sentences--depending on diction, short/simple sentences can denote simplicity, directness, etc.
Use of Dialogue: can be used exclusively or sparsely
the author's voice or attitude that conveys an emotional quality (sadness, glee, nostalgia, depression, hope, celebration, etc.)
Four main types of Irony: all deal w.discrepancies
Verbal--saying one thing but meaning another; sarcasm
Situational--disconnect between what is expected to say or happen and what is actually said or happened
Dramatic: occurs when the reader or viewer has more knowledge about a situation that a character or narrator.
Cosmic: idea that fate, destiny, or a god controls & toys with human beings; a notion that some force just beyond human understanding is frusting human activity and/or events.
moment of insight by which a
character's life is altered
ex. a cellar creates one mood;
a moutaintop another
2. Second person (you, your): Speaks directly to the reader: rare.
3. Third person:
Omniscient: all knowing--reports/evaluates thoughts/feelings of many characters
Limited Omniscient: restricted to a single perspective
Objective: reports action and dialogue in a detached/journalistic fashion.
4. Stream of Consciousness: Takes reader inside the conscious or unconscious mind of a character
5. Reliable: Is credible; can be trusted to filter events and others
6. Unreliable: Not credible due to character flaws, naivete, lack of insight; reader must supply the critical perspective.
"Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains" - Rousseau
O. searching for the murderer
of the King of Thebes