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Imperialism

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Cody Dusthimer

on 16 February 2016

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Transcript of Imperialism

Imperialism
Britain
France
Portugal
Russia
Belgium
Spain
Germany
Overview
Imperialism is "the creation and maintenance of an unequal economic, cultural and territorial relationship.
Between states and often in the form of an empire.
Based on domination and subordination.
Types of Imperialism

Direct
+People from Europe govern the colony

Indirect
+Europeans tell the natives how to govern the colonies

Protectorate
+Imperial power controls but does not own other nation or region
+Local rulers left in charge but are expected to do as they are told
Sphere of Influence
+Western nation claims exclusive investment or trading privileges

+Other Imperial powers are expected to keep out
African Imperialism

Scramble for Africa -European countries raced to gain control of the African continent because it was rich with natural resources

Little resistance from the Native Africans

Berlin Conferences (1914) – Partitioning of Africa among the European countries

-Railroads
-Modern Economy
-Roads
-Telephone/ Telegraph
-Dams
-Bridges
-Irrigation
-Sanitation
-Public Health
-Schools
-End local warfare

-No political power
-Restricted native
owned industries
-One Crop Economies - Cash crops reduced
food production, created famine
-Racism
-Assimilation
-Population Relocation
-Cultural Suppression
-Economic Dependence
Sepoy Mutiny - 1857

Causes
Sepoy Army made of Hindu/Muslim soldiers, controlled by British East India company.
The British East India company cut expenses by sealing bullet cartridges with beef and pork fat, Sepoy’s who refuse cartridges are jailed
May 10, 1857, Sepoy army rebels

Outcomes
British Government moves from indirect to direct control of India
Raj – British rule over India from 1858 until 1947
Increased Racism
Indian Nationalist movement
Unequal Treaties
According to the 1842 Treaty of Nanjing, the Chinese were to:
Reimburse Britain for costs incurred fighting the Chinese in the Opium Wars
Opened several ports to British trade
Provide Britain with complete control of Hong Kong
Grant extraterritoriality to British citizens living in China
Results of Treaties

Taiping Rebellion 1850
Chinese people rebelled against the Qing dynasty

Boxer Rebellion in 1900
A religious group, known as the Boxers, tried to rid the country of European influence
Foreign nations formed an international coalition that ended the uprising.
Positive
Negative
Impacts of Imperialism
Imperialism in India

British East India company dominates India

Economic control

Controlled Sepoy Army

Restricted competition from Indian companies

Crops produced and traded; tea, indigo, coffee, cotton , jute and opium
Imperialism in China

Opium Wars - 1856-1860
Causes

The British treasury was being depleted due to its dependence upon imported tea from China
British imported opium to China
Chinese officials attempted to ban the importation of the highly addictive opium
The British declared war on China in a series of conflicts called the Opium Wars.

Outcomes
Superior British military technology allowed them to claim victory and subject the Chinese to a series of unequal treaties.
Zulu Wars
Causes
Artificial Boundaries created
Disputes of boundaries Arose

Outcomes
Zulu army defeated by British
End of the independent Zulu nation
Take up the White Man’s burden—

Send forth the best ye breed—

Go send your sons to exile

To serve your captives' need

To wait in heavy harness

On fluttered folk and wild—

Your new-caught, sullen peoples,

Half devil and half child

Negative Impacts

Artificially drawn boundaries- Imaginary lines drawn around European Territories. Disputes arose over land claims

One Crop Economies- Europeans removed food crops and planted cash crops, creating famine among native populations

Economic Dependence - Europeans put in place structures, governments, and economic systems that cost money to maintain, leaving natives economically dependent

Population Relocation - Families to be separated because of the slave trade

Cultural Suppression - Natives forced them to adopt European culture
Causes of Imperialism

Economic Motives
: The Industrial Revolution
created an insatiable demand for raw materials. These raw materials could then be turned into finished goods and sold to new markets around the world.

Nationalism
: European nations wanted to
demonstrate their power and prestige to the world.

Balance of Power
: European nations were forced to acquire new colonies to achieve a balance with their neighbors and competitors.

*
( This makes it O.K.!?)

Social Darwinism/White mans burden
(Cultural Superiority): The Europeans’ sense of superiority made them feel obligated to “civilize the heathen savages” they encountered. (Darwins theory of survival of the fittest applied to humans).

Warm Up : Is it ever o.k. to steal from others? If not, why not? If yes, when and why?
What can we determine about the order of power in Europe during the Berlin conference? Rank the countries from strongest to weakest based on the map above.
Using the information you've learned and the resource provided to you, create a cartoon, write a half page letter, or 16 line poem, from a European or African perspective. Describe the results of European Imperialism in Africa. Must include the Division of Africa and one of the following results...
Zulu Resistance
Boer War
A popular saying,"The sun never sets on the British Empire", was often quoted during the Age of Imperialism. Based on the map above,
explain what this saying might have meant.
British Imperialism in India
Based on the map above, How Imperialism effect Britain and India economically?
This photo was taken during the during the British colonization of India. How might this image be a symbolic representation of colonization?
Warm up : Define the word "Empire".
Empire: An extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority.
The cartoon and map below show the impact of the Boxer Rebellion had on China, according to this images, how did European countries benefit from putting down the rebellion?
Summarize
Warm-up

Explain why the treaty of Nanjing is known as an unequal treaty? What two events occurred in China as a result of the treaty?
Warm-up (3/3): Explain one way China was impacted by signing the treaty of Nanjing.
Warm up (2/26): 1) Describe what is happening int the picture below.
2) Is it displaying a positive or negative impact of Imperialism? How do you know?
Warm-up (3/4)

Overall, do you believe that Imperialism was beneficial to Native populations or hurtful? Explain.
Think about....

Your guardians buy you any material good you ever wanted (cell phone, Xbox, car,clothes etc...) However, there is one catch, you may only use the items in ways that will benefit your guardians. Do you take the items and give up your freedom? Explain.
The African Pigmy, "Ota Benga."

Age, 23 years. Height, 4 feet 11 inches.
Weight, 103 pounds.

Brought from the Kasai River, Congo Free State, South Central Africa, by Dr. Samuel P. Verner. Exhibited each afternoon during September

The New York Times suggested:


We do not quite understand all the emotion which others are expressing in the matter ... It is absurd to make moan over the imagined humiliation and degradation Benga is suffering. The pygmies ... are very low in the human scale, and the suggestion that Benga should be in a school instead of a cage ignores the high probability that school would be a place ... from which he could draw no advantage whatever. The idea that men are all much alike except as they have had or lacked opportunities for getting an education out of books is now far out of date.

According to these sources,
write a paragraph that describes
Imperialists views of indigenous
populations. How do they justify
their actions?
Use the source provided:

Highlight/circle the guidelines provided for imperialism by the Berlin Conference.

Highlight/underline conflicts and their causes that resulted from African Imperialism.
Treaty of Nanjing Activity

Directions: Pick one of the articles of the treaty of Nan-Jing to create an illustration for.

On a separate piece of paper, use half the page to create and illustration that represents on of the articles of the treaty.
You may NOT use any words (dates are OK)
Must be completed in 10 minutes
You are attempting to explain one of the articles without out using words so be as detailed as possible.
Results of Boxer Rebellion
Boxer Protocol signed in 1912
Chinese governments forced to pay 330 Million dollars in reparations to foreign powers
2 year ban on the Chinese import of arms
Foreign powers place soldiers in China permanently
Greater control by European nations.
Full transcript