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Ladder Safety

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by

Michelle Lam

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of Ladder Safety

Ladder Types - Pros & Cons Telestep A-Frame Little Giant Featherlite 0 + - = 9 8 1 2 3 4 Examples 6 Safe Work Procedures:
Sampling from Ceiling 1. Choose the ladder that best suits the project’s needs
2. Inspect the ladder before use
3. Set-up the ladder
4. Gather tools that are required for the task at hand
5. Place tools in belt or vest
6. Apply three-point contact when climbing the ladder
7. Ensure someone is supporting the base of the ladder
8. Enter space without stepping on last two rungs
9. Use hands on hatch entry to support body when entering the attic space
10. Upon descent, position body close to ladder and use hands to support lowering one’s body on hatch or top of ladder
11. Apply three-point contact during descent
Safe Work Procedures: Attic Hatches 1. Choose the ladder that best suits the project’s needs
2. Inspect the ladder before use
3. Set-up the ladder
4. Gather tools that are required for the task at hand
5. Place tools in belt or vest
6. Apply three-point contact when climbing the ladder
7. Ensure someone is supporting the base of the ladder
8. Lean body into the ladder, using hips and two feet as three-points of contact, when sampling
9. Replace sampling tools into belt or vest before descent
10. Apply three-point contact during descent
Topics to be Covered General ladder safety

The challenge of attic space entry

The challenge of sampling from ceilings

Ladders at Pacific

Safe work procedures General Ladder Safety Watch for pinch points when setting up ladder

Always face ladder when climbing

Do not use a self-supporting ladder as a single ladder or in a partially closed position

Do not use the top two rungs of the ladder as a step unless it was designed for such purposes Ladder Safety An extension or straight ladder used to access an elevated surface must extend at least 3 feet above the point of support. Do not stand on the three top rungs of a straight, single or extension ladder






Three Points of Contact WorkSafeBC informs us to maintain three points of contact at all times
Two feet, one hand or two hands, one foot
Types of Ladders at Pacific Telestep (Type 1)

A-frame

Little Giant Ladder (Type 1A)

Featherlite (Type 1)

Each have their own set of pros and cons
Ladder Safety Ladder Safety The proper angle for setting up a ladder is to place its base a quarter of the working length of the ladder from the wall or other vertical surface
A ladder placed in any location where it can be displaced by other work activities must be secured to prevent displacement or a barricade must be erected to keep traffic away from the ladder

Be sure that all locks on an extension ladder are properly engaged

Do not exceed the maximum load rating of a ladder. Be aware of the ladder’s load rating and of the weight it is supporting, including the weight of any tools or equipment
Exceptions to the Rule However, there are times this is not possible:

1. Sampling off the ceiling
2. Carrying equipment
3. Opening attic hatches

As the sampler looks up and is working above their shoulders, loss of balance may occur. Have someone hold the base of the ladder to provide support so that the ladder does not sway with the sampler. Ensure the body positioning of the sampler is leaning in towards the ladder and not away. In this way, if balance is lost, the likelihood of falling into the ladder is greater than falling away/ off the ladder



When we enter attic spaces, we often need to carry flashlights, tape sampling materials, cameras, clipboards, etc. This can hinder our ability to execute three points of contact
Opening Attic Hatches As with sampling off the ceiling, your hands will be occupied with activities other than executing three-point contact

Maintain three-point contact when first opening the hatch; use one fist to loosen the opening. At this point, one can by-pass the three-point contact and use both hands to open the attic hatch

Again, have someone hold the base of the ladder to provide support so that the ladder does not sway with the sampler.

Ensure the body positioning of the sampler is leaning in towards the ladder and not away. In this way, if balance is lost, the likelihood of falling into the ladder is greater than falling away/ off the ladder, i.e., try to minimize the angle created between the ladder and your torso

Ladder Grades Any manufactured portable ladder must be marked for the grade of material used to construct the ladder and the use for which the ladder is constructed.

Ladder selection should be based on the table below.

Pros:
Compact and mobile
Its shape allow it to be used in tight or small spaces
Opens and collapses with relative ease
Up to 10ft

Cons:
Pinch points
Needs to be propped on its side, it cannot stand alone; as a result, it cannot be used to look above ceiling tiles
Not as versatile as other ladder types
Pros:
Flexible in that it comes in various heights: 6, 8, and 10 feet
Sturdy

Cons:
Bulky
Less mobile as they don’t always fit in smaller vehicles
Not for use in tight, small spaces
Not for use to access ceilings in buildings with 10 ft. ceilings

Remember: the top two steps are not safe to step on
Pros
Can be manipulated in several ways: on stairs, at 90˚, as an extension ladder, as an A-frame ladder, as a scaffold
Extends 5-8 ft.

Cons
Bulky
Set-up is not as intuitive
Pinch points pose a hazard along the rungs as the legs are being extended or collapsed
Pros:
Extends to 12 ft.
Is relatively light as the name suggests
Can be manipulated in many fashions; very versatile

Cons:
Bulky
Relatively time consuming to set-up and adjust
Pinch points


Wear a tool belt that carries all your equipment
Utilize the pockets of your safety vest to keep your hands free. Otherwise, the second person on site may be able to pass you the necessary tools

In such situations... PEC employees need to re-evaluate and add more safety measures Do not place a ladder on an unstable base to obtain additional height

Do not move or shift a ladder while a person is on the ladder
Ladder Safety Sampling from the Ceiling Carrying Equipment Carrying Equipment
Full transcript