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Ch. 17 Foreign Policy: Protecting the American Way
Transcript of Ch. 17 Foreign Policy: Protecting the American Way
By: Anna Koutsounadis, Olasunkanmi akerele, Stacy Felsted, Hector barraza
Military power. uses and capabilities
The politics of national defense
Unconventional war (Guerrilla war)
THE ECONOMIC DIMENSION OF NATIONAL SECURITY
The world has three major economic centers,
United State produce about 25 percent of the world goods and services.
Europeans union about 25 percent
The Pacific Rim 15 percent
The united state is the strongest of the three center
the United States has increasingly taken economic factors into account in its national security considerations.
Promoting Global Trade
The trading system that the United States helped erect after World War II has given way to one that is global in scale and more competitive.
Changes in communication, transportation, and computing have altered the way large corporations operate, and as businesses have changed their practices, nations have had to adapt.
. The changes include the emergence of regional and international economic structures, such as the European Union, NAFTA, and the WTO.
Maintaining access to oil and other natural resources
American has used its economic and military power to protect it access to natural resources, particularly oil
After world war II, the united firms have been leaders in worldwide oil exploration and production.
United States provides developmental assistance to poorer countries
The U.S. Army is trained for...
"The world will never again be the same" was an understatement.
Terrorist threats have grown
Very few places where terrorist cells aren't growing, but they are all of different threat level
The Global economy is a daunting factor
U.S. dollar is almost worthless
Some analysts think we'll pull out of this decline, while others think we will sink further into other country's debts
National interest- That which is best for the nation in its dealings with the world in terms of protecting its security and its way of life.
Isolationist- The view that the country should deliberately avoid a large role in world affairs and instead concentrates on domestic concerns.
Internationalist- The view that the country should involve itself deeply in word affairs.
Containment-A doctrine, developed after World War II, based on the assumption that the Soviet Union was aggressor nation and that only a determined United States could block Soviet territorial ambitions.
Cold War- The lengthy period after World War II when the United States and the Soviet Union were not engaged in actual combat (a "hot war") but were locked in a state of deep-seated hostility.
Bipolar [power structure]- A power structure dominated by two powers only, as in the case of the United States and the Soviet Union during the cold war.
Unipolar [power structure]- A power structure dominated by a single powerful actor, as in the case of the United States after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Multilateralism- The situation in which nations act together in response to problems and crises.
Preemptive war doctrine- The idea, espoused by President George W. Bush, that the United States could attack a potentially threatening nation even if the threat had not yet reached a serious and immediate level.
Unilateralism- The situation in which on nation takes action against another state or states.
Policy elites, public opinion, and special interests all play significant roles in national defense policy.