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Elizabeth Cardoso

on 22 April 2010

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Transcript of HepaB

Hepatitis B What is Hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is viral disease that can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis(scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure and death. What are the sypmtoms of Hepatitis B? Some sypmtoms may not appear for up to 6 months, and the earliest sypmtoms include: Appetite loss
Low-grade fever
Muscle and joint aches
Nausea and vomiting
Yellow skin and dark urine due to jaundice Those with chronic hepatitis will have no symptoms, although gradual liver damage may occur and may have all or some symptoms of acute hepatitis Ways of getting Hepatitis B In infants it is passed to a child during birth. And in adults it could be passed by several ways, including: Blood transfusions
Contact with blood in health care settings
Had direct contact with the blood of an infected person by touching an open wound or being stuck with a needle
Had unprotected sex with an infected person
Received a tattoo or acupuncture with contaminated instruments
Shared needles during drug use
Shared personal items (such as toothbrushes, razors, and nail clippers) with an infected person Risk factors Being born, or having parents who were born in regions with high infection rates (including Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean)
Having multiple sex partners
Men having sex with men
Being on hemodialysis
Being infected with HIV Treatment Acute hepatitis needs no other treatment other than continuous liver montoring through tests. Bed rest and drinking fluids is the best medicine. What Hepatitis might lead to... If a long term disease such as Hepatitis B does not recieve proper treatment, it may lead to hepatocellular carcinoma ( liver cancer), and leads to tumor of the liver. Prevention Prevention starts in early childhood , getting vaccinated is the most effective way of prevention. Children should have one at birth, and complete the three shots needed by age 6-18 months. And for adults avoiding sex with those with Hepatitis B, using condoms, avoid swaping blood with those with Hepatitis B through use of drug needles are the best ways of preventing Hepatitis B. Bibliography "Hepatocellular Carcinoma". Mediline plus. 3/24/10 <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000280.htm>.
google, "Google Health". 3/24/10 <https://health.google.com/health/ref/Hepatitis+B>
"Hepatitis B picture". Illinois immunization program. 3/24/10 <https://www.idph.state.il.us>
"Hepatitis B vaccine ". MD consultant. 3/24/10 <www.mdconsult.com/.../body/0/0/10041/1031_en.jpg>.
" Hepatitis B". Mediline plus. 3/24/10 <www.nlm.nih.gov/.../ency/fullsize/9395.jpg>.
" Hepatitis B overview". webMD. 3/24/10 <http://www.webmd.com/hepatitis/hepb-guide/hepatitis-b-topic-overview>.

Most adults that get it, get it for a while and get better over time, this is called Acute Hepatitis B. questions ? Any There is no cure for hepatitis b, but medication and proper testing of the liver is key for healing. In serious cases of liver damage, a liver transplant is needed, and may be the only cure. In chronic hepatitis an antiviral medication called peginterferon can help with with those who have serious cases of hepatitis B. Avoiding alcohol and regular doctor checkups will help with treatments. did you know ? The liver can re-generate itself even if only 25% is healthy?! That is why it is SO IMPORTANT that before the Hepatitis becomes serious or chronic, that we get checked up, especially if your sexually active. Although if it is reoccuring, this is called chronic Hepatitis B.
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