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Introduction to Mental Health
Transcript of Introduction to Mental Health
Introduction to Mental Health & Illness
What is Mental Health?
"A state of being that is relative rather than absolute" (American Psychiatric Association, 2003).
"A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being," (World Health Organization, 2006).
"Successful adaption to stressors from the environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings and behaviors that are age appropriate and congruent with local and cultural norms," (Townsend, 2009).
"Mental Health is the successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships, and the ability to adapt to change and cope with adversity," (National Institute of Mental Health, 2006).
What is Mental Illness?
"A clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress or disability or with a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom," (APA, 2000).
Maladaptive responses to stressors from the environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings and behaviors that are incongruent with norms and interfere with the individuals social, occupational, and/or physical functioning," (Townsend, 2009).
So What Are YOU?
Do you have difficulty sleeping, either too much or too little?
Have you been sad or depressed for a long period of time?
Have your relationships with loved ones changed?
Do you ever do things without knowing why you did them?
Do you ever hear or see things that other people do not?
Have you ever thought of suicide?
Do you get nervous or angry easily?
Are you often anxious or afraid?
Do you drink a lot of alcohol or take illicit drugs?
Is there a resolution?
Diagnosis of Mental Illness
Axis V-Global Assessment of Functioning-represents the individual's overall functional level
Influences of Mental Health
Issues with Treatment
Prenatal, perinatal & neonatal
Physical Health Status
History of Injuries
Emotional Developmental Level
Values and Beliefs
Mental Illness is a GLOBAL Issue
General Adaption Syndrome
Fight or Flight
Anxiety-apprehension vague in nature and associated with feelings of uncertainty and helplessness
Grief-subjective state of emotional, physical & social responses to loss of a valued entity
Stages of Anxiety
Stages of Grief
Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, Text Revision
Axis I-Clinical Disorders & Other Conditions That May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention (all disorders but mental retardation and personality).
Axis II-Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation (typically begin in childhood and persist into adult life).
Axis III-General Medical Conditions-includes current general medical conditions relevant to mental disorder.
Axis IV-Psychosocial and Environmental Problems (relative to support group, social environment, education, occupation, housing, economics, access to health-care, interaction with legal system or crime, etc).
Mental Illness Stats
Occurs Across the Lifespan
2nd Leading Cause of Disability
Half of all US Citizens have Mental Illness
Most never seek Treatment
15% of Mentally Ill have Co-existing Substance Abuse (Dual Diagnosis)
20% Children have a Diagnosed Mental Illness
Limited Access to Care
Beyond Response to Recovery
Reintegration into Society
Mental Health Parity
Culturally Competent Care