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revolutionary war

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Kathleen Glynn

on 20 September 2012

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Transcript of revolutionary war

By Kathleen Glynn Revolutionary War After the Seven Year's War against the Native Americans and the French, England won. To appease the native tribes and avoid another war, Britain passed the Proclamation of 1763 which limited the colonies from expanding to the rest of the country. The colonists were angered by this, and thought that Britain should stay out of their affairs in North America. Proclamation of 1763 Quartering Act The Stamp Act Parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765. The Stamp Act required the colonists to pay a tax for newspapers, legal documents, almanacs licenses, magazines, even playing cards! It affected the lawyers, tavern owners, printers, and merchants the most The Sons of Liberty was formed, and large riots broke. The Stamp Act was repealed in March 1776 The Quartering Act was an act that told the colonists to house, feed, clothe, and give supplies to British soldiers. The Townshend Acts were taxes on imported goods like glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea. In reply to the tax, the people of Boston boycotted all of these imported goods. Townshend Acts On March 5, 1770, A mob of protestors started harassing a soldier, throwing snowballs and oysters a t him. The soldier called for backup. Others soldiers came to help. One soldier thought he heard the order to fire, and fired on the crowd. Even to this day, no one knows who fired the first shot. 3 people were killed instantly, and 8 were wounded. Two died from their injuries. To gain sympathy from the other colonies, Boston created the picture of soldiers firing on a defenseless crowd of people. Even though only 5 people were killed, they called this the Boston Massacre. Boston Massacre Tea Act The Tea Act of 1773, was passed to help East India Company. The company sold tea, and was floundering financially. The Tea Act stated that the colonists had to buy tea only from the East India Company. They sold the tea at bargain price, and England expected to benefit from the tax of imported tea. People immediately protested, and locked the tea away in warehouses. In some colonies, the tea ships were prevented to land. Boston Tea Party The Sons of Liberty were made up of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies. The group was formed to protect the rights of the colonists from the usurpations by the British government after 1766. Their leader was a man named Samuel Adams. In response to the Tea Act, Samuel Adams, leader of the Sons of Liberty, instructed the Patriots to dress up as Indians. They then sneaked into a ship full of tea, and then threw 342 chests of tea into the ocean. Britain was furious, and in retaliation, established the Coercive Acts. Ist Continental
Congress Coercive Acts
( Intolerable Acts) Boston Harbor was closed to trade until the owners of the tea were compensated. Only food and firewood were permitted into the port. Town meetings were banned, and the authority of the royal governor was increased. To add insult to injury, a British commander was appointed governor of Massachusetts. British troops and officials would now be tried outside Massachusetts for crimes of murder. Greater freedom was granted to British officers who wished to house their soldiers in private dwellings. Battle of Lexington and Concord
"The Shot Heard 'Round the World" General Thomas Gage, the royal governor of Massachusetts, sent 700 British soldiers to arrest the Patriot Leader John Hancock, who was assigned to organize an armed militia. Paul Revere learned of of the plan, and so he slipped out of town on his horse, and shouted the alarm to passing minutemen houses, yelling, "The British are coming, The British are coming!" When he finally reached John Hancock, 70 minutemen were waiting. When colonists refused to surrender to the british soldiers, the British fired several volleys, and killed 8 minutemen. By noon, a larger force of minutemen came, and blocked the north bridge. They fired behind walls and trees and had dealt the British their first casualties. Battle of Bunker Hill The Battle of Bunker Hill signified the turning point in the war. Gen. Gage decided to put his soldiers on Bunker Hill. Once again, the Americans found out Britain's intentions. On June 16, around a 1,000 Patriot fighters settled to a hill nearby Bunker Hill. The General ordered his men to drive the Americans off. At first, the Americans were winning, mowing down the front ranks of the British. But again and again, the British forces gushed forward, until the Patriots retreated. The British won that fight, but it showed that the Americans were going to be a tough foe to beat. On January 1776, a pamphlet called Common Sense appeared in the colonies. Written by a man named Thomas Paine, it was full of inflammatory words and descriptions that stoked the flame of revolt against the British. In it, he also urged the colonists to form a republic, or a system of representative government. The pamphlet sold half of a million copies in six months! It riled up the colonists on thought of independence. Common Sense The 1st Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from all thirteen colonies (except Georgia). They met in 1774, in Philadelphia to discuss what their response will be to the increased British oppression. They agreed to back up Massachusetts, and passed a declaration that said the Intolerable Acts were invalid. To settle those who wanted the mess sorted out peacefully, they sent a petition to Britain. Continental Congress also enforced a ban on trade with England, as well as made preparations for future advancements just in case they need to train soldiers for war against Britain. The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere In the spring of 1776, Continental Congress was finally persuaded by the people to take the final step in stating their independence. They elected Thomas Jefferson, a brilliant lawyer, to be the head of the committee who would write the Declaration of Independence. What Thomas Jefferson wrote stirred the colonists. On July 4, 1776, The head of Congress , John Hancock, and the rest of the delegates from the remaining colonies, like John Adams, Samuel Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson, all signed their names. The English colonies had now become the United States of America. Declaration of Independence Signing of the Declaration of Independence Congress decided that they needed an army to defend and support what the Declaration of Independence said. So they called up George Washington to organize the Continental Army. When he first led his small force, the British retreated, but Washington suspected that their general had his eyes on New York. Washington first sent 20,000 men to block the British, but that strategy failed. The experienced British soldiers creamed them. The Continental Army barely escaped. Then Washington tried another tactic. While the British were resting, Washington issued a sneak attack, and his men surprised and captured many hired German mercenaries who were paid to help Britain. Ten days later, Washington captured New Jersey. The Initiation of George Washington and His Early Campaign General of the British army John Burgoyne devised a strategy to block of new England by bringing his army south, recapturing Fort Ticonderoga, Then another British general, William Howe, would then sail up and block off the Hudson River in New York, thus cutting off land routes from New England to the other colonies. Unfortunately, ,General Howe had sailed off to Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was left a sitting duck. American General, Horatio Gates, took the opportunity and attacked Burgoyne's men. Gates' men surrounded them, and cut the British troops off from supplies. Burgoyne had no choice but to surrender. meanwhile, Benjamin Franklin was trying to convince the French to aid the Americans against the British. For the Americans to gain France's support, America needed to prove to them that they could win the war against Britain. Saratoga offered a convincing argument, and so France consented and gave their troops to help[p America. The Battle of Saratoga George Washington and his men set up camp at wintertime in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. It was extremely cold and Continental Congress had no more money to clothe of feed the troops. That winter, 2,500 men died from frostbite, disease, and starvation. Only the force of his personality, and his reminding them on what they were fighting for kept the Continental Army from completely falling apart. Valley Forge Battle of Yorktown French aid seriously helped the Americans, and the troops were now well fed and well armed. Then the French caught word that General Cornwallis, a notorious British General who defeated many American troops, was in Yorktown. Yorktown was a peninsula, and with enough men, it could be possible to block off General Cornwallis' troops supplies. Finally, The trap snapped shut. Washington had twice the number of men than what General Cornwallis had. British ships tried to save their troops, but their efforts were in vain since French warships drove them off. Finally, British soldiers surrendered to The French and the Americans. Treaty of Paris Battle of Yorktown forced the British to surrender. In Paris, Benjamin Franklin and John Jay met with a British representative. They demanded that their independence will be granted and all British troops get out of America. France and Spain didn't want America to get too strong, so they tried to limit the territory that Britain gave to the U.S. The Americans held a secret meeting with Britain and worked out an agreement. The U.S western boundary would end with the Mississippi River. The Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783, and that signified the official end to the war. And finally, with much struggle, the United States of America became the world's newest nation. stop video at 1:42 This is the end to the American Revolution Timeline. But do you want to play a "Who am I" game?
If so, here are the names to choose from:
-Samuel Adams -Betsy Ross
-Paul Revere -King George the 3rd
-General Cornwallis -George Washington
-Molly Pitcher -Colonial Soldier
-Thomas Jefferson -John Hancock
-Benjamin Franklin
-John Adams
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