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Similes, metaphors and personification

First year poetry anthology - 'Firework'; similes, metaphors and personification; venn diagrams
by

Jenna Hall

on 21 September 2015

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Transcript of Similes, metaphors and personification

IMAGERY
Personification
Similes
CREATE A PICTURE IN YOUR READER'S MIND
Metaphors
What/who is Katy talking to?
What is her message?
What words tell you this?
Does she make comparisons?
Things to consider …
Our learning intentions are:
to listen to the song, evaluate its message and analyse the techniques used to deliver it.
to consider the differences between similes and metaphors.
to explore the poems and develop our knowledge by writing our own versions.

We will be successful if we can:
identify the names of the techniques used in the song, explain what they’re used for, and give examples of them.
explain the difference between similes and metaphors.
demonstrate our knowledge of these techniques in our own writing.
A metaphor compares two things by saying the first thing IS the second thing.
You‘RE a firework
Metaphor
A simile is a figure of speech in which two things that are similar are compared, usually using the words ‘LIKE’ or ‘AS’.
"Do you ever feel LIKE a plastic bag"
"LIKE a lightening bolt, your heart will blow"
Simile
A tree is a green umbrella.

She’s as delicate as a butterfly.

The sun is a yellow beach ball kicked high in the summer sky.

My feet are like blocks of ice.

She is as proud as a peacock.

My brother is a greedy pig.
Simile or metaphor?
SAME
DIFFERENT
DIFFERENT
What is the comparison?
WEAK; HELPLESS; READY TO FALL APART
The Writer of This Poem
by Roger McGough

The writer of this poem
Is taller than a tree
As keen as the North wind
As handsome as can be

As bold as a boxing-glove
As sharp as a nib
As strong as scaffolding
As tricky as a fib

As smooth as a lolly-ice
As quick as a lick
As clean as a chemist-shop
As clever as a tick

The writer of this poem
Never ceases to amaze
He’s one in a million billion
(or so the poem says!)
SAME
DIFFERENT
DIFFERENT
What is the comparison?
YOU

a shiny blue sheet hugging the shore
blue nothingness
a deadly suffocating machine
water, alive
occasionally death when oil tankers spill
white horses riding on a blue carpet
fun, surfing on the waves
another world waiting to be discovered
a giant puddle
a blue blanket in the distance

a background

a lion’s roar
a shark’s restaurant
a quilt of blue
a surfer’s paradise
a leaking ink cartridge
the eyes of a fair haired child
the sound of the crashing waves
a blue lagoon
God’s tears
a mermaid’s kingdom
a flooded land
a fish’s home
a bowl of salty water
liquid against a velvet sky

a place beyond the horizon
The sea is …

an icy blanket of shadow covering the world
a creeping black monster
a sea of shadows seeping into every corner
a sleeping potion carried around the world
a bottle of Coke
a mysterious cave
the retreat of the sun
loneliness
an oily sea
a black cat at night
the edge of the universe
cold
black
silence

a swallowed night
scary and unknown
a blanket of black
a place where nightmares live
a deep dark hole
a place where light can’t show
a place where horror draws you in
black tights over your head
the final sleep
something black
a black cat
where nobody goes
a dark cupboard
a witch’s cauldron
black as black
death
loneliness
the night sky
a question
The dark is …
floats
white
SNOW
Now brainstorm …
Something that can be described with the same words

sugar, flour, blanket
freezer, icicles, ice cream
sieving flour, feathers
butter, ice cream
chocolate

White
Cold
Floats down
Melts
Flakes
Then ...
Snow
The Writer of This Poem
by Roger McGough

The writer of this poem
Is
taller than a tree
As keen as the North wind
As handsome as can be

As bold as a boxing-glove
As sharp as a nib
As strong as scaffolding
As tricky as a fib

As smooth as a lolly-ice
As quick as a lick
As clean as a chemist-shop
As clever as a tick

The writer of this poem
Never ceases to amaze
He’s one in a million billion
(or so the poem says!)
Create your own metaphor poems.
You might like to start with:
the autumn
the winter
the summer
the spring
the sun
the moon
a thunderstorm
And now write your poem ...
The snow is ...
flour being sieved by a giant in the sky
feathers floating down from heaven
a blanket over my garden
sugar making the world a sweeter place
icicles
ice cream
cold
The wind stood up and gave a shout;
He whistled on his fingers, and
Kicked the withered leaves about,
And thumped the branches with his hand,
And said he’d kill, and kill, and kill;
And so he will! And so he will.

By James Stephens
THINK:
Can the wind stand up?
Can the wind shout?
Can the wind whistle?
Can the wind kick?

Personification
is a type of metaphor in which
human
characteristics are given to
non - human
things.

The thing is
person
ified.
Personification
The sun
SMILED
on the cornfield.
The old church
GROANED
in the wind.
The
ANGRY
sea smashed up the boat.
Write your own personification poem with a partner.
Here are some ideas:
Your turn
mountain
rain
cloud
skyscraper
Scotland
river
clock
train
told
whispered
listened
danced
said
murmured
awoke
slept
took
crept
CHOOSE A VERB
The wind
The wind whispered to the trees, as it took the leaves and dropped them on the ground.
...
Winter

Winter crept through the whispering wood, hushing fir and oak; crushed each leaf and froze each web but never a word he spoke.

Winter prowled by the shivering sea, lifting sand and stone; nipped each limpet silently and then moved on.

Winter raced down the frozen stream, catching at his breath; on his lips were icicles, at his back was death.
List all the things that "Winter" did.
What's the effect?
Our learning intentions are:
to develop our understanding of imagery and focus on personification.
to explore the poems and strengthen our knowledge by writing our own poems.

We will be successful if we can:
explain the difference between similes, metaphors and personification.
demonstrate our knowledge of these techniques and the effect they can have in our own writing.
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