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Cell Analogy Project

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Riley Baltasar

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of Cell Analogy Project

Nuclear Membrane

The nuclear membrane or the nuclear envelope, is on the outer part of the cell. It is what keeps the nucleus together and controls what goes in and out of the cell. Mr. Krabs, the boss of the Krusty Krab would be just like the nuclear membrane in a cell. He is the one who decides who and what enters in the Krusty Krab (nucleus). He also is what protects/holds the whole building together and keeps it up and running, just like the nuclear membrane would do in an actual cell.
Cell Membrane
The cell membrane or the plasma membrane made up of two layers, phospholipids and proteins. The membrane is the protective barrier to the uncontrolled flow of water. It separates the interior of all cells from the exterior environment. The cell membrane in this analogy would be the Bikini Bottom because it surrounds the Krusty Krab and protects it and everything in it. It controls what goes in and out of the place just like how the cell membrane would control/protect whatever tries to get to the cell.
Mitochondria is known as the “power house” of the cell, and it takes this power to act as the digestive system of the cell. Its role as the digestive system includes taking in the nutrients, breaks them down, and through that process,cellular respiration, mitochondria produces energy throughout the cell. Each individual mitochondria is very small but the cell itself can contain upon thousands of these individual mitochondria, depending on the size and type of the cell. When the customers come into the Krusty Krab and eat the krabby patties the act of them eating the patties is the mitochondria. It is the mitochondria’s job to take the nutrients and digest it through the cell and eating krabby patties is a very similar process in that the customers take the krabby patty and digest it therefore giving the customer energy.
The vacuole job within the cell is to act as the storage component of sugars, waste, and anything that can benefit the cell. The vacuole is so important to the cell because due to what it contains it can assist the cell in a survival situation. When looking in a cell the vacuole is a membrane bound sack with the contents, sugars and waste etc. The Krusty Krab contains a large vault with thousands of krabby patties inside and this is a very accurate representation of a vacuole. The vault is used to store all of the krabby patties and throughout the day those krabby patties are given out in order for the customers to survive just like the vacuole allows for the nutrients and sugar to be release as needed throughout the cell.
Cell Analogy Project

Bikini Bottom

Cell Wall
Cells walls are made out of specialized sugars called cellulose. This protective barrier is the tough, flexible and sometimes fairly rigid layer that surrounds certain types of cells. It is what protects the cell and helps maintain the shape of the cell, while the cellulose and wall in a plant help it to grow to greater heights. In the Bikini Bottom the cell wall would be the island right above it to hold together and protect the underwater area from getting destroyed. The island is acts as the cell wall because they both protect and provide the shape of the cell.
The nucleus, made up of neutrons and protons, is the complete control center of the cell. without the nucleus, you wouldn't have DNA, like some cell who unfortunately don’t. It also helps a lot with eating, reproduction and moving. In the Bikini Bottom, the nucleus is the Krusty Krab. Everyone goes to the krusty Krab to “refuel”. It is the gathering place (main center of the town) for all of the residents just like how the nucleus is the center of the cell where everything takes place.
The ribosome is key when it comes to proteins, if the cell needs protein it turns to the ribosomes for help. Broken into two sub-units, the ribosomes in cells are known as the protein builders or as more commonly known as the protein synthesizers. Ribosomes float around the cell and can be found in many different places, as they are roaming they attach to parts of the cell such as the rough endoplasmic reticulum and make proteins that will eventually be used inside as well as exporting to the outside of the cell. Spongebob Squarepants plays the role of the ribosome because the spatula is what is making the krabby patties, which are the protein, and the spatula also serves the krabby patties out to the customers and throughout the Krusty Krab.
The endoplasmic reticulum acts as the packaging system in the cell and it also creates a network of membranes that can be found throughout the cell. The endoplasmic reticulum, which is also known as the ER, does not do its work alone rather with the Golgi apparatus, RNA, mRNA, tRNA, and ribosomes. The look of the ER depends on cell type and cell’s function but there are always two types, the smooth ER and the rough ER. Typically if you look into the Krusty Krab you will see Squidward in his boat and then a window and then Spongebob in the kitchen, that window acts as the ER in Bikini Bottom. The connection between the two is simply that the window is where the food gets packaged and sent out to all the customers.
Endoplasmic Reticulum

Chromosomes are made up of DNA and a necessity to who you are and what you look like. They appear as long, limp, white strands that are frequently compared to white hot dogs and almost every person has 46 chromosomes, 23 from each parent. While working with nucleic acids, chromosomes are a huge role in cell division and protein building for the cell. Within the Krusty Krab the Krabby Patty Secret Formula fits the bill when it comes to chromosomes. The Secret Formula is the most valuable thing to Mr. Krabs and all of Bikini Bottom because without it there would be no Krabby patties going out to feed the city and the city would not be what it is today.
Looking at a cell under a microscope you may come across a minute and hairlike organelle and wonder what it is. This organelle is called cilia and acts as locomotion provider in the cell. The way the cilia does its job in the cell is by lining the surface of the cell and beating in multiple rhythmic waves therefore creating locomotion throughout not only the surface of the cell but spreading it outwards toward the whole cell. Bikini Bottom has thousands of thousand of representatives of cilia and those are all of the fishes and various sea lifes fins. Due to the fact that cilia’s job in the cell is to provide motion the fins provide Bikini Bottom with motion as well.
On a walk through the forest the majority of what you see are green plants and have you ever stopped to think, why are all of these things green? The chloroplast within the cell is the answer to that question. The primary role of the chloroplast is to produce food throughout the plant cell through converting energy from the sun into sugars. The chloroplast in the cell directly correlates to Jellyfish Fields in Bikini Bottom. Jellyfish fields takes the sunlight and provides the jellyfish with nutrients by producing plants and trees and green grass even under the sea!
Although the cytoskeleton is not the first thing that we think about when are asked about cells, it’s job within the cell is among the most important. The cells shape, movement or motility of the cell, and movement or motility of the cells insides or the organelles. Thinking about bikini bottom there is one particular place that triggers the thought of the cytoskeleton. The walls of the Krusty Krab provides the shape and flow of movement within the cell. These walls specifically control the movement of the people within Bikini Bottom and give the Krusty Krab its structure.
Derived initially from smaller plastids that are called protoplastids, every plastid in cells play an extensive role inside . Plastids are organelles within a cell that are involved in the synthesis and storage of food. These organelles are a large part of biology and are studied a great deal by famous biologists. The large freezer that holds all of the food that will soon be sold at the Krusty Krab is what plastid can easily be compared to in Bikini Bottom. Plastid in a cell’s main job is to act as a storage room for the food and nutrients that the cell will eventually use which is exactly what the freezer does for Bikini Bottom.
Flagella and cilia work together on the locomotion in the cell and while cilia are rather short flagella is elegantly long and can be thought of as propellers in the cell. Both cilia and flagella’s locomotive ability comes from the specialized arrangement of microtubules that makes it possible for them to move and provide for the cell in the way that they do. While cilia helps in Bikini Bottom by providing swimming abilities flagella helps with walking. The ability that the sea life has to walk around Bikini Bottom is freely given by the flagella because the flagella provides the right form of locomotion needed to walk around.
Looking at almost every other function in the cell each one includes many thousands of organelles or at least a hundred but there are only two centriole organelles within the cell. Each one is just as powerful and they work together when it comes to the division part of the cell. They are active participants in the process of mitosis and meiosis and these organelles made up of microtubules are typically found near the nucleus. The community of the Bikini Bottom is what serves as the centriole in the cell. If the whole town were needing to split it would not just happen you would need all of the people to help divide the town and then if it ever needed to be rebuilt then the community would work together to get that done.
Named after the famous Italian scientist Camillo Golgi, the golgi body acts as a packaging system for the cell. Although the golgi body is not to be confused with the ER because essentially they are both packaging systems within the cell but there functions are very different. The main job of the golgi body is to take a whole bunch of simple molecules and combine them to make more complex molecules. When thinking about what part of the Krusty Krab could possibly represent something this important the kitchen instantly came to mind. This is such an accurate representation due to the fact that the kitchen is where the ingredients are put together to make the krabby patties that are then served to the people, or sea life, of bikini bottom.
Golgi Body
The general way to describe a lysosome is that they are “specialized vesicles that holds a variety of enzymes”( Biology4kids.com). In more depth lysosomes are organelles that are consistently found in eukaryotic cells and more specifically animal like cells. Lysosomes are what the golgi apparatus and the rough ER work together to create. Another main purpose of a lysosome is to digest nutrients and break down the cell when it dies. The customers of the Krusty Krab do many of the similar jobs at the restaurant as the lysosome does for the cell. The customers fill themselves up with the Krusty Krabs food and then they digest it just as the lysosomes take nutrients and digest them.
Chromatin is a “beads-on-a-string” like structure that is only found in Eukaryotic cells. It is the combination of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes and make up the contents of the nucleus. In the Bikini Bottom, the chromatin is just all of the tasty food that is served in the Krusty Krab. The food is what helps make up the Krusty Krab (nucleus) , just like how the chromatin makes up the content in the nucleus. The tasty food is made up from other ingredients, which in the case would be like the DNA and proteins that make up the chromatin.
Cytoplasm is the fluid in the cell that the organelles are “suspended” in. There are many fluids, like in the mitochondria, ER, Golgi, and the nucleus, however, cytoplasm is the one that fills the whole entire cell. In this filing, is where the enzymes, fatty acids, sugars, and amino acids are being used that keeps the cell working. The cytoplasm in this analogy is all of the water in bikini bottom. Without the water nothing would be able to work, or even breathe! The water fills up all of bikini bottom (cell) just like how the cytoplasm fluid fills up a cell.
The nucleolus is made up of proteins and nucleic acids and is usually a round body in the nucleus of the cell. With its unique characteristics, it produces ribosomes, the cells “protein-producing factories” and acts like the control center of the cell. The nucleolus in Bikini Bottom would be Squidward. The works in this analogy because, Squidward carries out the orders in the Krusty Krab, just like how the nucleolus carries out orders (RNA) to produce ribosomes. Squidward, being very stubborn and bossy also acts as the nucleolus in a way of controlling the Krusty Krab.
We stumbled upon the idea of the Bikini Bottom being our cell analogy when we finally understood exactly what a cell was. This project took our thinking beyond ordinary and forced our brains to work far above what we normally would uch ourselves to. The second this project was given, the Krusty Krab popped into both of our minds but as we tried to write about it there were just not enough parts to it that we could compare to a cell. So as we expanded our knowledge on cells structure, the barrier was broken and our thought process expanded into the whole city of Bikini Bottom. Instead of limiting ourselves to just one little restaurant we now saw that in reality the city as a whole was a perfect representation of what a cell is. Learning about a cell can be very boring unless you can make it entertaining which was exactly the goal when choosing something as innocent and exciting as Spongebob Squarepants and the city where he is from. A lot of children watched Spongebob Squarepants as a very young child and many still watch it as they grow up into adults. This show was an obvious choice for us because it is so recognizable to students everywhere. Relating science and learning to something that brings joy to people is the main goal because it has been proven that the more relatable and exciting the lesson the more interest the students will give in wanting to learn.
By: Riley Baltasar and Lindsy Myers
With this analogy of Bikini Bottom to a cell, our understanding of what a cell is and how it works has become a lot more clear. As you can see, we really enjoy Spongebob, and who would have thought that using our great knowledge about this show would take us this much deeper into our understanding of a cell's structure. Bikini Bottom was the perfect way to do it, especially since everything can relate back to the Krusty Krab in a way that it shows how the cell and cell parts all work together in one system. It worked out really well, and doing this project helped out the both of us so much.
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