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16.08 Lab Project

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Maggie McKellar

on 23 April 2014

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Transcript of 16.08 Lab Project

16.08 Lab Project
3D Forensic Facial Reconstruction
Forensic
Technologies

Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry
-How It is Used by Forensic Scientists
Forensic Scientists use this machine so that they are able to match the small pieces of glass that are found at the crime scene.
IRIS SCAN
References
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Iris Recognition. Print. <http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/fingerprints_biometrics/biometric-center-of-excellence/files/iris-recognition.pdf>.
United States . Federal Bureau of Investigation. Iris Scan . Print. <http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/fingerprints_biometrics/biometric-center-of-excellence/modalities/iris-scan>.
Module 16.06
GETTY, . 2011. Photograph. n.p. Web. 1 Apr 2014. <http://www.infiniteunknown.net/tag/fingerprints/>.
Biometric Technoloy . N.d. Photograph. BBC NewsWeb. 1 Apr 2014. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/guides/456900/456993/html/nn3page1.stm>.
References
Becker, Willow Dawn . "10 Modern Forensic Technologies." Forenics College . Sechel Ventures, 17 Oct 2013. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <http://www.forensicscolleges.com/blog/resources/10-modern-forensic-science-technologies >.
Evison, Martin. 3D Facial Reconstruction. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <http://www.assemblage.group.shef.ac.uk/1/evison.html>.
Albrecht, Irene , and Jorg Haber . "Physics-Based Modeling and Animation of Faces and Humans." Max-Planck-Institut. N.p., 06 May 2005. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <http://www.mpi-inf.mpg.de/departments/d4/areas/physicsbasedmodeling/>.
Second Slide:
Harker, Joshua, dir. Meresamun Forensic Facial Reconstruction. 2009. Film. 31 Mar 2014. <
N.d. Photograph. n.p. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <Film. 31 Mar 2014. . >.
N.d. Photograph. n.p. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <http://www.mpi-inf.mpg.de/departments/d4/areas/physicsbasedmodeling/>.
References
Becker, Willow Dawn . "10 Modern Forensic Technologies." Forenics College . Sechel Ventures, 17 Oct 2013. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <http://www.forensicscolleges.com/blog/resources/10-modern-forensic-science-technologies >.
(graph) N.d. Photograph. n.p. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <http://www.gso.uri.edu/icpms/how_does.htm>.
(picture) N.d. Photograph. n.p. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ICP-MS.jpg>.


Second slide:
. N.p.. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <http://www.eag.com/mc/laser-ablation-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry.html>.
References
Module 16.04
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Combined DNA Index System (CODIS). Web. <http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/lab/biometric-analysis/codis>.
(and for picture on bottom right) ^
How a Law Enforcement Analysis of DNA Evidence Unfolds. 2009. Photograph. n.p. Web. 1 Apr 2014. <http://scienceprogress.org/2009/11/the-terms-for-a-search/ >.
Strength of CODIS. N.d. Photograph. n.p. Web. 1 Apr 2014. <http://dnacourses.dna.gov/letraining/codis/CODIS_Strength>.
Automated Fingerprint Identification
Combined DNA Index System (CODIS)
-How Its Used
The machine takes the samples of the glass and breaks it down into the atomic structure of the glass.

Ideal Uses
"major, minor, and trace level compositional analysis of conductive, semi-conductive, and no-conductive materials."
Contamination of plastics
Industries served
Glass
Forensics
Semi-conductor manufacturing
"The purpose of forensic facial reconstruction is to produce an image from a skull which offers a sufficient likeness of the living individual that it will facilitate identification of skeletal remains when there are no other means available." - Martin P. Evison from http://www.assemblage.group.shef.ac.uk/1/evison.html
Facial reconstruction is used to create an image similar to the person who has gone missing.
Forensic scientists use 3D Facial Reconstruction to see and help others so that they may be able to identify the missing persons
The Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System or IAFIS
References
"database includes 10-print cards from individuals arrested and from crime scenes." - Module 16.04
"Not only fingerprints, but corresponding criminal histories; mug shots; scars and tattoo photos; physical characteristics like height, weight, and hair and eye color; and aliases" - FBI.gov
It takes an average of 12 minutes for a civil submission and about 27 for a criminal fingerprint submission
Launched July, 28, 1999
Before the IAFIS was launched, they would have to do it by hand which could take months to submit.
Forensic Scientists use this to match prints when a crime has been committed. " to help our local, state, and federal partners—and our own investigators—solve and prevent crime and catch criminals and terrorists."- fbi.gov
Module 16.04
United States . Federal Bureau of Investigation. Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System. Print. <http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/fingerprints_biometrics/iafis/iafis>.
Second Slide
N.d. Photograph. n.p. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <http://www.advancedlivescantech.com/>.
Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS). N.d. Photograph. n.p. Web. 31 Mar 2014. <http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/fingerprints_biometrics/biometric-center-of-excellence/initiatives/integrated-automated-fingerprint-identification-system>.
2012. Photograph. n.p. Web. 1 Apr 2014. <http://www.leelofland.com/wordpress/2012/11/page/12/>.

"DNA information for convicted criminals"-Module 16.04
"responsible for developing, providing, and supporting the CODIS Program to federal, state, and local crime laboratories in the United States and selected international law enforcement crime laboratories to foster the exchange and comparison of forensic DNA evidence from violent crime investigations."-fbi.gov
Forensic scientists use the CODIS database to "compare unknown DNA samples from crime scenes to known DNA profiles from convicted criminals."
CODIS is used very frequently, and is helpful for people who are repeats in a certain crime, like assault.
1993
1994
2005
1995
1985
1936
In 1993, the Defense
Nuclear Agency began work to test and deliver a prototype unit,
which was successfully completed by 1995 due to the combined
efforts of Drs. Flom, Safir, and Daugman.
Dr. Daugman
awarded a patent for his automated iris recognition algorithms
the first commercial products became available.
"In 2005, the broad patent covering the basic concept
of iris recognition expired, providing marketing opportunities for
other companies that have developed their own algorithms for iris
recognition. The patent on the IrisCodes® implementation of iris
recognition developed by Dr. Daugman will not
expire until 2011."
Frank Burch
"proposed the concept of using the iris patterns as a method to recognize and individual"
Drs. Leonard Flom and Aran Safir,
History of :
"Proposed the concept that no two
irides are alike.
(awarded a patent for the iris identification concept in 1987)
Defense Nuclear Agency
Dr. Flom approached Dr. John Daugman to develop an algorithm to automate identification of the human iris
"the process of recognizing a person by analyzing the random pattern of the iris."
"Although genetically identical, an individual’s irides are unique and structurally distinct, which allows for them to be used for recognition purposes." - fbi.gov
" The information is then used to identify a person, since the iris has characteristics that are unique to each person." - Module 16.06
Iris scans could help forensic scientists because they are unique to each person's, making it easy to identify to the person is.
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