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Day No. 25- Popular Music of the 50s and 60s

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by

Whitney George

on 11 May 2012

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Transcript of Day No. 25- Popular Music of the 50s and 60s

Jazz in
Concert Music,
the Musical,
& Popular Music
of the 50s and 60s

Jazz in the Concert Hall
Gershwin, "Rhapsody in Blue"
The Musical
Originally stemmed from operettas- a European light opera that use spoken dialogue between the musical numbers
Operettas that adapted humorous plots were called “musical comedy” and later “musicals”
The two early musical hits were
“Showboat” by Jerome Kern
“Porgy and Bess” by George Gershwin
Musicals after 1940 were dominated by the Roger & Hammerstein duo, with classics like:
The King and I
Oklahoma!
American composer Leonard Bernstein composed “West Side Story” in 1957
A re-telling of the classic “Romeo and Juliet” story
Uses the cha-cha-cha in the dance scene
Later musicals...
Sondheim- “Sweeny Todd”
1960s Rock musicals-
“Hair”
“Grease”
“Rent”
Bernstein, Prologue to "West Side Story"
Bernstein, excerpt from dance scene in "West Side Story"
Rock
a new style of popular music that was more dependent on rhythm than melody, like popular song
early rock and roll finds its roots in rhythm and blues
Rockabilly era- Elvis Presley
“Heartbreak Hotel”
“Hound Dog”
1950s Rock-
Little Richard
Jerry Lee Lewis
Buddy Holly
Fats Domino
Bill Haley (“Rock around the Clock”)
1960s Rock-
Motown
Supremes “Stop in the name of love!”
Temptations “My Girl”
Soul
Aretha Franklin “Respect”
James Brown “I Got You (I feel good)”
Funk
Sly and the Family Stone “Thank you (Falettinme be Mice Elf agin)”
Elvis Presley, "Hound Dog"
Bill Haley, "Rock Around the Clock"
For opera and symphony goers, jazz was a despicable medium that contained vulgar rhythms and timbres that were “out to corrupt the youth of America”
Jazz harmonies excited many 20th century composers such as Debussy and Stravinsky
The most successful composer to bridge the two mediums was George Gershwin
“Rhapsody in Blue”
a 45-minute piano concerto (with orchestra)
incorporates jazz form and harmony
uses the orchestra like a big band
Supremes, "Stop in the Name of Love"
Aretha Franklin, "Respect"
The Beatles
diverse styles
rock/pop
“She Loves You”
“Help”
lyric ballads
“Yesterday”
“Blackbird”
psychedelic
“Strawberry Fields”
“A Day in the Life”
The Rolling Stones
unique timbre of Mick Jagger’s voice
The British Invasion
Beatles, "Help"
Beatles, "Yesterday"
Beatles, "Strawberry Fields"
Folk rock
Bob Dylan
Woody Guthrie
emerging importance of the singer/songwriter
Joni Mitchell
Acid Rock
Guitar virtuosos
Jimi Hendrix- “Purple Haze”
Carlos Santana- “Black Magic Woman”
Heavy Metal
Guitar virtuosos
Led Zeppelin “Whole Lotta Love”
Art Rock
Pink Floyd “Dark Side of the Moon”
The American Countermovement
Beatles, "Strawberry Fields"
Jimi Hendrix, "Purple Haze"
Led Zeppelin “Whole Lotta Love”
Pink Floyd, "Another Brick in the Wall"
Full transcript