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The Government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

A. Puritan Theory of Government B. Structure of Massachusetts Bay Government 1. The Governor 2. The General Court 3. Who Could Vote? 4. Town Meetings C. Blue Laws and Restrictions on Personal Actions D. The Dominion of New England and Andros Rebellion
by

Freddy Wang

on 14 September 2010

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Transcript of The Government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

Puritan Theory of Government: Democracy or Theocracy? Structure of Massachusetts Bay Government The Government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony The Governor Who Could Vote? Blue Laws and Restrictions on Personal Actions The Dominion of New England and Andros Rebellion 40% of adult males could vote in 1630s Elected positions included: After 1631, "freemen" were all adult males who were members of a Congregational Church Neither theocratic nor democratic Elected magistrates ruled in the name of God, not the people Governor Winthrop did not
believe in overly democratic styles Congregational ministers had no political power Could not have a civil office Voters often ignored their opinions Adult males Adult male members of a Congregational Church "Freemen" Chosen by the Massachusetts Bay Company By:
Hannah Campbell
Angela Horton
Josh Smith
Frederick Wang The General Court Under 10% of selectmen filled
over half the seats Connecticut - public displays of affection banned John Winthrop
(1/12/1588–3/26/1649) Prosperous and Educated "Well-to-do Pillar of
English society"(Pg 46). Graduated from Cambridge University and became a succesful attorney and manor Lord Believed he had a "calling"
from God to lead the new
religious experiment. Served for 19 years and 12 terms "We shall build a city upon a hill" Then it became that male property holders gathered together and voted by a majority rule show of hand. Town Meetings The more of the men involved in creating policies, the more important it was for the colonist to abide by them. Agreements were made by informal compromise and were then were given to the electorate so they could be legitimized Adult males who owned property but wern't church members were eventually alowed to vote Freemen were expected to vote to show their loyalty to the Puritan laws and giving the colonial govt. stability. The Puritans had a political monopoly No parties were developed to challenge Puritan law in The power of the Massachusetts Bay Colony rested with the General Court The Court was made up of freemen who were required to be part of the Puritan Church The Court elected the governor In 1630, Puritans put the power over the colony in their own hands The leader of the Puritans, Governor John Winthrop set out
to make a society that would abide by strict, religious laws The first American colonizers used
theological terms to describe themselves Democracy? Theocracy? Governor Winthrop was a devout Puritan Puritans created a society based upon their own teachings, principals, and ideals Theocracy could not survive in a changing society THE END Pennsylvania - ban on stage plays, playing cards,
dice, games, and excessive hilarity Sir Edmund Andros was the governor of the Dominion New England residents spread out, bringing
ideals with them Eventually, the crown took over a lot of colonies
(Dominion of New England) He was against Church of England-->unpopular with Puritans When accused of teaching people to drink,
curse, blaspheme, and damn, he used force Andros taxed courts, schools, and press; revoked all land titles Abolished popular assemblies Glorious Revolution dethroned Catholic King James II Dominion collapsed Andros fled, was captured, and was sent back to England Other governors were elected Governor Group of magistrates (Court of Assistants) Town deputies (after 1634) Military officers Taxed without consent of elected representatives Enforced unpopular Navigation Laws Supressed important smuggling jobs Massachusetts Connecticut New Haven or Plymouth
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