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D.H Lawrence 'Sons and Lovers'
Transcript of D.H Lawrence 'Sons and Lovers'
•Was born the fourth of five children on September 11 1885 in Nottingham, England.
•Grew up in a mining community and faced poverty throughout his childhood.
•Father was an alcoholic miner and his mother was a school teacher, encouraging each of her children to improve themselves in social class.
•Lawrence looked up to his elder brother William who excelled however he died July 1903 of pneumonia.
•Through his education he won a scholarship and worked in a surgical factory for four years, where he met and had a relationship with Jessie Chambers, a religious woman.
•He went to university and received a teaching certificate in 1908, and moved to London, ending his relationship with Jessie, and engages to Louis Burrows
•Lawrence’s mother died in 1910 of cancer. Lawrence overdosed her with medicine as an active homicide to end her suffering. Lawrence was devastated.
The Morels live in a poor mining town in the countryside. Walter Morel is a miner, and he and his wife Gertrude, have three children, William and Annie, Paul and expecting her fourth child, Arthur. She hates that she has to stay home with the children while her husband gets to go out and enjoy himself.
Mrs. Morel transfers her affections from her husband to her first son, William. When William goes to London for a job, Mrs. Morel is devastated. William comes home, bringing with him his fiancee, who treats the Morels like servants. William catches pneumonia and dies. After William's death, Mrs. Morel turns her attention to Paul.
Mrs. Morel gets sick because of a tumor. Dawes is also in the hospital and the two men reconcile. When Paul tells Clara that Dawes is ill, Clara unexpectedly admits that her husband had treated her with more respect and had loved her more than Paul ever did. Clara returns to Dawes. Meanwhile, Mrs. Morel grows weaker. Knowing that she is prolonging her death to live for him, Paul can’t stand to see his mother live in pain so he gives her an extra dosage of morphine. Mrs. Morel dies.
Paul goes to see Miriam. They think about getting married, but Paul confesses that he has no intention of marrying her. Miriam decides to wait as long as it takes for him to come to her.
Paul is sensitive and emotional. He gets a job at Thomas Jordan's, a surgical appliances factory and develops a relationship with Miriam Leivers. Mrs. Morel does not like Miriam because in her view Miriam takes all of Paul's energy, desire, and feelings with nothing left of him for her. Miriam introduces Paul to Clara Dawes, who is separated from her husband, Baxter Dawes. After Paul and Miriam have sex, he breaks off their relationship. Paul heads into an intensely sexual relationship with Clara, leaving Miriam jealous. Baxter Dawes and Paul have a fight over Clara. Sons And Lovers •Anti-feminism: The female characters in Sons and Lovers have negative influences on Walter, William, and Paul.
- Society is male-dominated.
- Walter and Gertrude: Loving husband turns into alcoholic father, isolated from family.
- William and Gertrude: Makes independent life in the city impossible financially and emotionally. “It never occurred to him that she might be more hurt at his going away than at his success.”
- Paul and Gertrude: “I even love Clara, as I did Miriam, but to give myself to them in marriage, I couldn’t. I couldn’t belong to them. (238)”
•Psychoanalytic Theory & Oedipus Complex: Deals with conscious and unconsciousness behavior.
- Through the narration, we can see the thoughts of protagonist Paul Morel.
- Lawrence has tried his best to universalize the Freudian concept. He tries to show that his hero Paul can never come out from the labyrinth of Oedipus complex as mythical Oedipus could not.
"To be the mother of men is warming to her heart" (36).
“He always ran away from the battle with himself. Even in his own heart's privacy."
“Sleep is still most perfect, in spite of hygienists, when it is shared with a beloved. The warmth, the security and peace of soul, the utter comfort from the touch of the other, knits the sleep, so that it takes the body and soul completely in its healing.”
“He felt that she wanted the soul out of his body and not him. All his strength and energy she drew into herself through some channel which united them. She did not want to meet him so that there were two of them man and woman together. She wanted to draw all of him into her. It urged him to an intensity like madness which fascinated him as drug-taking might. He was discussing Michael Angelo. It felt to her as if she were fingering the very quivering tissue the very protoplasm of life as she heard him. It gave her deepest satisfaction. And in the end it frightened her. There he lay in the white intensity of his search and his voice gradually filled her with fear so level it was almost inhuman as if in a trance.”
D.H Lawrence •In 1911, he begins Sons and Lovers and leaves his teaching career to become an author, also breaking off his engagement to Louis. Another year later he met an older, married woman named Frieda Weekley who left her husband and three children to be with him.
•They travelled to several countries together.
•Sons and Lovers published in 1913.
•He was exiled for suspicion of being a spy in the war times.
•Lawrence was involved in homosexual encounters throughout his life.
•Best known novels: Sons and Lovers, The Rainbow, Women in Love and Lady Chatterley's Lover.
Anti-Feminism Auto- Biographical Psychoanalytic Theory