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A Raisin in the Sun by A.M.Bean
Transcript of A Raisin in the Sun by A.M.Bean
/rāzen/ Noun:A partially dried grape Sun
The star around which the earth orbits. The sun is the central body of the solar system. It provides the light and energy that sustains... Symbolism The Plant A Symbol of the family. Walter Younger Ruth Younger Travis Younger Lena "Mama" Younger Beneatha Younger "It ain't never had enough sunshine or nothing" -Mama What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore--
And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over--
like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. By saying this, she is addressing a key theme of the play. A theme that although the family is withering like the plant she has here there is still life in the plant which symbolizes that hope is still present in the family. Langston Hughes BY: Lorraine Hansberry (May 19, 1930 – January 12, 1965) Theme Assimilation Assimilation usually involves a gradual change and takes place in varying degrees; Full assimilation occurs when new members of a society become indistinguishable from older members. When seen from the Youngers' point of view There are many opposing ideas; specifically between Ruth, Mama, and Bennie. ASSIMILATION Ruth and Mama Beneatha *Spiritual belief *They believe that Beneatha should marry early, and for wealth. *No Spiritual belief *Trying new things (i.e. playing guitar, african culture)
*Being like the rest of American society. *Things are fine the way they already are; no need to change. *Ambition lies in housework. *Career comes first before marriage. LENA WALTER Beneatha RUTH *The story is based on a series of conflicts (mainly family), which starts with Lena and her $10,000 dollar check. "Life is money"-Mama
* an alternate view of Mama, and juxtaposed with Walter's beliefs. "It makes a difference in a man when he can walk on floors that belong to him"
-Mama *Directly relates to the main theme of "what happens to a dream deferred" *Ownership and pride: an extension of the American dream "Im a giant-- surrounded by ants!"-Walter *metaphor- Walter is comparing himself to everyone else; he feels like he is more important (the giant), than everyone else in the house (ants). *Walter's plan is to use Mama's money in his dream of owning a liquor store. He plans on taking the deal, in hopes of doubling his money. *Sadly he follows the wrong path and eventually loses the money Main theme Conflict between and "We one group of men tied to a race of women with small minds."-Walter *metaphor- they are not literally bound together. Small minds shows a certain level of ignorance in Walter. (i.e. Ruth deliberately scrambling his eggs) *It characterizes Walter as some one who degrades women, as a result of his inherent frustration with his work and his wife. Walter's conflict with Mama reaches a breaking point, when Mama forces Travis to watch Walter's lack of dignity (as he confronts Lindner). *This conflict soon resolves as Walter realizes that he doesn't want to degrade himself; especially in front of his family. *It characterizes a true turning point in his life. Essentially when he becomes a "man". Asagai tells her to, "Stop worshiping despair" *This is his way of telling her that she shouldn't be so serious; that she should stop focusing on the problems in her life. (i.e. Walter losing all of her medical school money) "Well – I do – all right? – thank everybody! And forgive me for ever wanting to be anything at all! FORGIVE ME, FORGIVE ME, FORGIVE ME!" *During this Beneatha is sarcastically apologizing to Walter for having dreams. *Although no one in the house supports her dream, she makes it very clear that she is determined to make it happen. Travis He represents the next generation of the Younger family. He is a vital symbol in the play, which shows the overall situation that the Younger family is in. As such an innocent character, Travis represents what has yet to come; the pureness of the world without corruption. They don't always see eye to eye... family
dreams. "Mama, something is happening between Walter and me. I don’t know what it is – but he needs something – something I can’t give him anymore. He needs this chance, Lena" -Ruth *Ruth is trapped in the middle of the family conflicts *She is tired of the way Walter is treating her. Which doesn't help because she is facing problems of her own that she doesn't know how to deal with. "There's always something left to love"- Mama *signifies the family's new transformation "Like a Rainbow After the Rain" -Mama