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Russian revolution

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by

Rach M.

on 19 March 2013

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Transcript of Russian revolution

RUSSIAN REVOLUTION 1905 Not a strong leader
influenced greatly by his wife, Alexandra Feodorovna
Grigory Rasputin held influence over tsar and viewed as dangerous
believed in autocracy
failed programs (bloody Sunday)
lost Russo-Japanese
brought Russia into WWI Czar Nicholas II "Bloody Nicholas" Alexander Palace Alexander
Kerensky a moderate Socialist Revolutionary politician (in Committee), minister of war, chairman of the Petrograd Soviet, and Duma deputy
organized his troops to overthrow tsarism
leader of February 1917 Revolution
In June 1917 he took a big offensive because the Russian High Command promised the Allies it would have military operation and thought it would boost the fighting spirit
Many casualties brought down the morale
The soldiers and workers in the Petrograd were more radical and created trouble, troops were sent in and order was established
Prince Lvov resigned from being the premier in July 1917 and Kerensky was made the new one
·In July he tried to increase order in the troops
Kornilov led rebel men against Kerensky
Kerensky persuaded the Bolsheviks to have the Red Guards protect Petrograd from Kornilov, worked, and Kornilov didn’t attack Lenin Real name was Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov
Had radical thoughts from a young age, brother was a revolutionary too and was executed
Was exiled to Siberia, when he went by Lenin
Influential person in international revolutionary movement, also a leader in the Bolshevik contingent of the Russian Social Democratic Worker Vladimir The Mensheviks July 1917 October 1917 Bolshevick take over The Provisional Government was unpopular
The Petrograd Soviets were powerful (made decisions without the consent of the Provisional Government)
Lenin stirred up more opposition toward Provisional Government by making promises
Red Guards (Bolsheviks) defeated General Kornilov in the Kornilov Revolt
didn't agree with Provisional government's plan
Red Guards defeated/arrested Gen. Kornilov leading to more support for Bolsheviks
now armed units controlled by Bolsheviks
Military Revolutionary Committee formed and led by Trotsky
took control of important points around Petrograd
By October 26th, had total control of Petrograd (and would later get Moscow too) Russia 1917 - small group of the Socialist Democrat Party
-lead by Julius Martov
-believed in open confrence unlike the Bolsheviks who viewed a single group of educated elite should be in charge
-Confrence in Prague in January, 1912 separated the two groups
- less organzied, had internal conflicts, and could not follow through with ideas
-lost support from working class by wanting to stay in WWI and supporting Kerensky
-members left
-tried supporting the White Army
-they lost People conscious of revolution and overthrowing old regime but weren't seeing any changes
Working class decided to act --- peasants and workers united against Bolsheviks, Mensheviks and SRs
Bolsheviks supported demonstrations at first but then grew uneasy and backed out
July 4th demonstration
wave of repression fully backed by Mensheviks and SR
newspapers criticizing Bolshevik leadership
Bolshevik leaders arrested by Provisional Government
July 21 - power handed over to Kerensky
Working class wanted their living standards to improve and for the war to be over new working class lived in deplorable conditions
People had grown tired of nobles taking all the wealth while the common people were often poor
protestors took to the streets
Jan 22-200,000 protestors followed Georgy A. Gapon in protest and guards opened fire on them and killed 300 and wounded countless more
known as "Bloody Sunday"
The bloody sunday protest led to more riots
Czar Nicholas II responded by trying to end the revolution by granting personal liberty Lenin and The Bolsheviks -Said that Bolsheviks that supported the Provisional Government were betraying socialism
-Wanted to overthrow the provisional government (led by Kerensky) who overthrew the tsar
-Led the October Revolution, successful sudden revolution
-The Bolsheviks took over the country, he had no mercy for suffering and crushed any opposition
-Had the New Economic Policy that was more moderate than his original socialist model for the Russian economy
-Health deteriorating and died in January 1924, worried that regime too bureaucratic and thought Stalin was gaining too much power Leon Trovosky Exiled to Siberia at a young age, joined the Social Democratic Party
1903: Social Democrats split into the Bolsheviks (Lenin led) which were the majority and the Mensheviks (Trotsky was in this minority)
1905: Challenged Tsar Nicholas II but was thrown in jail
Was against World War I and discouraged workers from joining the conflict
Joined the Bolsheviks after the February Revolution
Helped with the communist takeover
March 1918 gave in to Germany and signed the Brest-Litovsk Treaty that gave up the Ukraine, Finland, the Baltic provinces, the Caucasus, and Poland. Germany would stop advancing toward Russia
Was foreign commissar, created the Red Army very quickly against the White Russians for the civil war
Kept up the Bolshevik regime, supported government control of trade unions, lost Menshevik support
Thought he was Lenin’s heir but Stalin had much more power and support
Supported Lenin against Stalin and right before his death Lenin wanted Trotsky to replace him not Stalin but it was too late and he died before anything could happen February 1917 Feb 23-women went on strike and were soon joined by workers from the metal factories
by Feb 24- 150,000-200,000 demonstrators had gathered, attempting to overthrow the Czar
protestors continued to grow and on Feb 26 guards were ordered to shoot and kill and dozens were arrested
soldiers eventually joined the revolution and the absence of authority led to violence
Once the bonds of authority collapsed, the imperial order also broke
General Khabalov named Nikolai Ivanov the new military dictator but he later abdicated to his brother, Michael, who did not accept
On March 3, the rule of the Romanov dynasty ended
This rebellion established provisional government and Prince Lvov became to new leader of this government Terms and IDEAS Provisional Government- Russia's government after the czar that was led by Kerensky and did not take into consideration the lower classes
White Army-foreigners and former czarist officers, and members of the Cadet party, right-wing Mensheviks, and right-wing Socialist revolutionaries (conservatives)
Red Army- made of workers and peasants and supported by the Bolsheviks and communist (radicals) Terms and IDEAS Provisional Government- Russia's government after the czar that was led by Kerensky and did not take into consideration the lower classes
White Army-foreigners and former czarist officers, and members of the Cadet party, right-wing Mensheviks, and right-wing Socialist revolutionaries (conservatives)
Red Army- made of workers and peasants and supported by the Bolsheviks and communist (radicals) By Swetha Reddi, Anjali Nemorin, Julia Pollock, and Rachel Menge Thanks for Watching!
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