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Qualitative Interviews

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Brittany McLeod

on 13 April 2015

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Transcript of Qualitative Interviews

Why Interview? Purposes of Interviews
What is Qualitative Interviews?
Qualitative Interviewing is an adventure in learning about teaching in different countries, their cultural views, their problems and solutions, and how their practices are similar and different than our own.
The way we interview depends on what we want to know. It is a process of finding out what others feel and think about their worlds. The result is to understand the major points of their message and how it compares [similar & different] to your own situation. Not only do you need to be a good conversationalist, but also a good listener.
More on Qualitative Interviews
Interviewing involves asking questions and getting answers from participants in a study. Interviewing has a variety of forms including: individual, face-to-face interviews and face-to-face group interviewing. The asking and answering of questions can be mediated by the telephone or other electronic devices (e.g. computers). Interviews can be structured, semi-structure or unstructured.
how is it different?
Step One
1. Generate insights and concepts not generalize (universalize) about them.{State in your study: These finding are not generalizable for all students but they pertain to this context that limits my study.
A qualitative interview is different from everyday conversation in the following ways. First it is a research tool and a good interviewer must prepare questions in advance, and later analyze and report results. The interviewer guides the questions and focuses the study. Good interview skills require practice and reflection. Finally, beyond the acquisition of interview skills, interviewing is a philosophy of learning. The interviewer becomes a student and then tries to get people to describe their experiences in their own terms. The results are imposed obligations on both sides. The qualitative researcher philosophy determines what is important, what is ethical, and the completeness and accuracy of the results
Several researchers have argued that structured interviews are unnatural and restrictive. Informal interviews get deeper. For example, if you want to find out why someone acted in a certain way, ask him/her. One must negotiate an explanation that consistent and believable. This results in an explanation of the meaning of the action for the interviewer follows up an interview with more questions for clarification or understanding. The key is to establish rapport and trust. During the interview, a person may change his/her interpretation.

Participant Observation and Qualitative Interviewing?
Crossing borders can be difficult if one is an outsider. In trying to understand a culture, a researcher needs to become a student in order to be taught, a kind of participant observer. The process takes time, proceeds slowly, and involves times of inactivity or just hanging around Various approaches can be undertaken: become a novice in the desired institution (an established practice); learn the language (national and specific jargon) attend meetings, and read books about the subject. Some studies deal with a social problem in which one pursues the meaning of a perplexing problem or behavior, or a life history deals with how people understand rites of passage, and even oral histories about past values and norms.
What Types of Interviews?
Several types of interviews exist: topical oral history, life history, evaluation interview, focus group interview, and cultural interviews.
1. Topical interviews: are concerned with the facts and sequence of an event.
2. Life histories deal with individual experiences or rites of passage
3. Evaluation Interviews: Examine new programs or school development and suggest improvements.
4. Focus Groups: People meet and share their Impressions and changes in thinking and/or behaviour
5. Cultural Interviews: Focuses on the norms, values and understanding of groups of Society.
Qualitative Interviews
Step 2,3,4 &5
2. Expand our understanding (social concept).
3. To search for exceptions to the rule (universal) by charting extreme cases (person or a class or a city).
4. To document historical idiosyncratic cases--personalities; e.g., Ken Beittel the Guru with 45 doctoral studies on his teaching (pottery).
5. Your results can be validated elsewhere with several other interviews; such as the students of a teacher or 3 decades of teaching.

Jeopardy Time
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