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Robinson Crusoe - themes and style

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by

Cristina Prandi

on 2 February 2015

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Transcript of Robinson Crusoe - themes and style

Middle-class hero

Robinson shares restlessness with classical heroes of travel literature 



The island
The ideal place for Robinson to prove his qualities
Robinson organizes a primitive empire --> prototype of colonizer
Not a return to nature, but a chance to exploit and dominate nature
The individual and the society
- The society Robinson creates on the island is not an alternative to but an exaltation of 18th-century England,
its ideals of mobility, material productiveness, and individualism.
- Though God is the prime cause of everything,
the individual can shape his destiny
through action


Style
Clear and precise details
Description of the primary qualities of objects (number, extension, solidity)
Simple, matter-of-fact and concrete language.

Moll Flanders
- It has insights into some
social problems
like crime and the provisions for poor orphans.
- Moll rejects
emotional experience,
seen as an impediment to the
accumulation of capital
.
- The novel includes
«documents»
– Moll’s memorandums, quoted letters, hospital bills – in order to increase the
illusion of verifiable fact
.

By Daniel Defoe
Robinson Crusoe
Themes and style

Mood
What is the author's emotional tone or general attitude towards the story?
Theme




Friendship and Loyalty
Crusoe and Friday become friends. They learn to respect and trust each other.

Vocabulary
1.
Fusee
: Fusee was a flintlock musket.
Part of speech
:Noun
Sentence
:He had ordered me to get ready 3 fusses with powder and shot.
2.
Waft
:Waft is a nautical term, meanig a signal made with a flag.
Part of speech
:verb,noun
Sentence
:We heard the ship fire a gun ,and saw her make a waft with her ancient.
3.
Runlet
:Runlet is a wine barrel.
Part of speech
:noun
Sentence
:I found a great hogshead of bread and three runlets of rom or spirits.
4.
Maresco
:Maresco is one born on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea.
Part of speech
:noun
Sentence
:He always took me and a young maresco with him row the boat.
5.
Moor
:Moor means a anative of Morocco.
Part of speech
:noun
Sentence:
I proved very dexterous in catching fish, so that sometimes he would send me with a Moor.
Conclusion

My personal impression of the book is that it was a suspenseful and adventurous book with many plot changes that made it more exciting.

I liked this book because its a plot changing story which makes it a suspenseful and a dramatic book. I also liked it because it is a book that doesn't make you stop reading it.. Best of all, I like it because its a classic book and I like reading classic books.
Personal Info
Anna Patrizia Picado
6B
Due date: Monday "6"
Quarter I
Semester I

A spiritual autobiography
-Full of religious references to God, sin, providence, salvation
- the hero reads the Bible to find comfort and guidance
-Defoe explores the conflict between
economic motivation and spiritual salvation

Robinson the hero
Classical hero of travel literature
: restless, in search of his own identity in alternative to the model provided by his father

Middle-class hero
:
- creates a society which is the exaltation of 18th cent, society
- can mould his own destiny and modify reality through work and action
- Puritan elements: relation with God, pragmatic and individualistic outlook.
Defoe's novels
Fictional
autobiographies.
A series of
episodes and adventures.
Unifying presence of a
single hero.
Lack of a
coherent plot.
Retrospective
first-person narration.
The author’s
point of view
coincides with the main character’s
Characters presented
through their actions
Irony
Narrator
He may not want to return to human society, but he misses companionship.
Type of irony: Sarcastic irony

He is first rebellious, going against authority, but then he converted himself and others to Christianity.
Type of irony: Situation irony

Crusoe wants to portray himself as a simple man, yet he felt like a most powerful person in the island.
Type irony: Sarcastic irony


Robinson Crusoe tells his own story.
It's written in first person.
We know everything that its in his mind.
He tells what he is going to do.
He tells what is going on around him.

The mood of the novel is calm, gloomy, spiritual, and violent.
act of transgression, of disobedience
his isolation on the island after the shipwreck
Full transcript