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Brief History of Philippine Policing System

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Billy Biado

on 17 June 2014

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Transcript of Brief History of Philippine Policing System

2000
1900
Brief History of the Philippine Policing System
General Howard Taft
The Americans established the United States Philippine Commission headed by General Howard Taft as first governor-general. On
January 9, 1901
, the
Metropolitan Police Force of Manila was organized pursuant to Act No. 70
of the Taft Commission. This has become the basis for the celebration of the anniversary of the Manila’s Finest every January 9th.
RA 4864
Otherwise known as the Police Professionalization Act of 1966, enacted on September 8, 1966; created the Police Commission (POLCOM) as a supervisory agency to oversee the training and professionalization of the local police forces under the office of the President; later POLCOM was renamed into National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM)
Executive Order 389
Ordered that the Philippine Constabulary be one of the four services of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, enacted on
December 23, 1940
, Post-American period.
Executive Order No. 1012
– transferred to the city and municipal government the operational supervision and direction over all INP units assigned within their locality; issued on
March 22, 1985
AN ACT ESTABLISHING THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE UNDER A REORGANIZED DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
RA 6975
- Otherwise known as the
Department of the Interior and Local Government Act of 1990
, enacted on
December 13, 1990
; reorganized the DILG and established the Philippine National Police, Bureau of Fire Protection, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and the Philippine Public Safety College
RA 8551
– otherwise known as the Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998, enacted on
February 25, 1998
; this law amended certain provisions of RA 6975.
AN ACT EXTENDING FOR FIVE (5) YEARS THE REGLEMENTARY PERIOD FOR COMPLYING WITH THE MINIMUM EDUCATION QUALIFICATION FOR APPOINTMENT TO THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE (PNP) AND ADJUSTING THE PROMOTION SYSTEM THEREOF, AMENDING FOR THE PUROPOSE PERTINENT PROVISIONS OF THE REPUBLIC ACT NO. 6975 AND REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8551 AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
RA 9708
– law amending the provisions of RA 6975 and RA 8551 on the
minimum education qualification for appointment to the PNP and adjusting promotion system
; approved on 12 August 2009
The institution of police in the Philippines formally started during Spanish period. The establishment of the police was not entirely intended for crime prevention nor peacekeeping. Rather, it was created as an extension of the colonial military establishment.
Guardrilleros/Cuardillo
This was a body of rural police organized in each town and established by the Royal Decree of 18 January 1836; this decree provided that 5% of the able-bodied male inhabitants of each province were to be enlisted in the police organization for three years
Ancient Roots
The forerunner of the contemporary police system was the practice of barangay chieftain to select able-bodied young men to protect their barangay during the night. Among the duties of those selected were to protect the properties of the people in the barangay and protect their crops and livestock from wild animal.
Spanish period
1700
Carabineros de Seguridad Publica
Organized in 1712 for the purpose of the carrying the regulations of the department of state; this was armed and considered as the mounted police; years after, this kind of police organization discharged the duties of a port, harbor and river police
1800
Guardia Civil
This was created by Royal Decree issued by the Crown on 12 February 1852 to partially relieve the Spanish Peninsular troops of their work in policing towns; it consisted of a body of Filipino policemen organized originally in each of the provincial capitals of the Central provinces of Luzon under the Alcalde Mayor
American period
1901
Act no. 175
– entitled “An Act Providing for the Organization and Government of an Insular Constabulary”, enacted on
July 18, 1901
Capt. Henry Allen –
the first chief of the Philippine Constabulary in 1901
Act no. 193 –
created the Manila Police Department, enacted on
July 31, 1901
Capt. George Curry –
the first chief of police of the Manila Police Department in 1901
Act no. 255 –
the
act that renamed the Insular Constabulary into Philippine Constabulary
, enacted on October 3, 1901
Marshall Law
period
PD 765
Otherwise known as the
Integration Act of 1975,
enacted on
August 8, 1975
; established the
Integrated National Police (INP)
composed of the
Philippine Constabulary (PC) as the nucleus and the integrated local police forces as components,
under the Ministry of National Defense
- transferred the NAPOLCOM from the office of the President to the Ministry of National Defense
Post-Marshall Law
Regime
Executive Order No 1040
– transferred the administrative control and supervision of the INP from the Ministry of National Defense to the National Police Commission. Issued on
July 10, 1985
PROVIDING MEASURES TO IMPROVE THE ADMINISTRATIVE AND OPERATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR MAINTAINING PEACE AND ORDER AT THE PROVINCIAL, CITY AND MUNICIPAL LEVELS
TRANSFERRING THE NATIONAL POLICE COMMISSION TO THE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
AN ACT ESTABLISHING THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE UNDER A RE-ORGANIZED DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
Important Filipino personalities In the Evolution of the Philippine Policing
Brig. Gen Rafael Crame
- The first Filipino Chief of the
Philippine Constabulary in 1917
Col. Antonio Torres
- The first Filipino Chief of Police of the Manila Police Department on
March 2, 1936
Col. Lamberto Javalera
- The first Chief of Police of the Manila Police Department after the Philippine Independence from the United States of America on
July 4, 1946
P/DG Cesar Nazareno
- The first Chief of the Philippine National Police (PNP)
Full transcript