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Transcript of Music
Note-ables in Music
By Kon, Fiona, Chelsey and Julie
Opera Music Instruments
Rock Music Instruments
Classical music is a broad genre as it covers orchestra, piano music, violin music and more. A numerous amount of musical instruments are required to produce classical music:
Piano and Harp:
Classical Music Cultural Origins
Classical music began in the medieval period between 1150-1400, in the Western Roman Empire. During these times the Classical musical instruments consisted of the flute, recorder and pan flute which were all made out of wood.
Rock Music Cultural Origins
Rock music originated around 1955, with greats such as Elvis Presley, Bill Haley and His Comets and Chuck Berry bursting onto the scene (Peterson 1990, p97). Peterson suggests that three influences caused the emergence of rock music – the arrival of creative artists, the changing audience and the commercial industry.
It is not enough to categorise only instruments as influence in the realm of electronica as known in today's modern-day computer generated sounds. Influence drawn from the late 1800's, and the singing arc and then the dawn of electronic technology in the mid 1900's, seeing instruments such as, violins, basses, pianos and the Banjos integrate amplification and instrument synthesizing with interpretation of circuit boards have led the way in today’s computer generated sounds. However, most significant to influence these sounds are the inventions found on the Typical Instruments page.
Electronic Music Cultural Origins
Electronic Music Instruments
Electronic Music Instruments
Theremin 1928 (USA)
Moog Synthesizer 1964 (USA)
Classical Music Influential Artists
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) was a deaf composer. He was a major influence in classical music, in particular with 'Ode to Joy'.
Other influential artists include Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1792) who composed hits such as 'Symphony 40' and 'Eine Klein Nachtmusik'. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) was an influence on classical music in the ballet as he composed such hits as 'Nutcracker Suit' and 'Swan Lake'.
Classical music has a reputation of being old fashioned. There are very few social impacts however, research has shown there have been other impacts such as: improving child spatial reasoning, decreasing tension and increasing brain function when learning.
Classical Music Social Impact
Classical Music Instruments
There are a number of influential artists in rock music history. Elvis Presley was a major influence in the 1950’s. The Beatles, Bob Dylan and Jimi Hendrix in the 1960’s. The 1970’s saw the emergence of rock superstars like Queen and David Bowie.
Rock Music Influential Artists
Rock music is generally aimed at teenagers, focussing on the rebellion and defiance of adults and authority (The Columbia Encyclopedia 2014). In the 1960’s, rock music covered political awareness, sex, drugs and social protest. Rock music has best been described as “a form of human conversation” (Frith 2006).
Rock Music Social Impact
Kurzweil 250 Keyboard 1984 (USA)
developed with Stevie Wonder
Electronic Music Instruments
Linn Drum Machine 1980 (USA)
Music Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI)1980’s
"[When] you’ve got someone as big as Luther Vandross and Michael Jackson sitting there saying, 'Whatever you want, however you want it, I’ll stay here as long as you need me,' that’s the reward right there," (Knuckles 2011)
Frankie Knuckles, 'Godfather of House Music'
Electronic Music Influential Artists
Electronic Music Social Impact
People of the world unite through music, a catalyst for social bonding, fostering positive interactions and transcending social boundaries.
The Opera Orchestra comprises - Strings, Woodwind, Brass and Percussion.
Opera encompasses staging, costume, architecture, music, drama and ballet and is culturally reponsible for advancements in all of these artistic pursuits.
Initially only for Royalty, 17th Century Italy saw the first Opera House open to the masses. Opera's opulence, drama and accessability created a venue that drew people to gather and be enriched culturally.
Opera Music Cultural Origins
The 19th Century saw “A succession of great divas …and no male singer could match their popularity” [V&A, 2015]
Jenny Lind, Nellie Melba, Janet Baker, Maria Callas and Joan Sutherland are examples.
Opera Music Influential Artists
Placido Domingo, Luciano Pavarotti and Jose Carreras (above) brought 20th Century masculine opera to the world.
Opera Music Influential Artists
Opera Music Social Impact
Beethoven- "Ode to joy"
Opera Music References
Classical Music References
Credibility and Conclusion
Rock Music References
Electronic Music References
Opera has become a social arena where people come to experience high emotional drama and outrageously lavish displays of life's extremes as composed by such greats as Puccini, Handel, Beethoven, Debussy and Verdi.
Toulouse Capitol's National Orchestra
Bill Haley and His Comets 'Rock Around the Clock'
Fairlight Computer Musical Instrument (CMI) 1970's Australia
Sydney Opera House
Hungarian Opera House
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The key instruments used in Rock Music are the electric guitar, bass guitar and drums. Whilst other instruments have also been used, such as piano/keyboard, these three key instruments remain the constant instruments used in this genre of music
Shakespeare said :
"If music be the food of love, play on"
SHAKESPEARE, W., & ELAM, K. (2008).
Twelfth night, or, What you will,
(18th ed.)Arden, London
Arguably as imperative to sustaining mankind through the ages as eating or breathing is the innate desire to express oneself through sound. This creative expression has led to our collaboration which adhers to Metzger's principals (Metzger,2007), of four varying and independently researched examples of musical genres. Whilst merely endeavouring to introduce the arena of 'Note-ables' in Music, we hope to entice readers to perhaps sample a new and previously unfamiliar musical genre.
The Three Tenors
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With vast information pools and complex online navigation driving the learning experience for music, an adopted cross sectional viewpoint for establishing credibility of knowledge to assimilate has been undertaken. Drawing upon Metzger's’ framework (2007, pp. 2078-2091), aspects most critical to research knowledge base have been established quantifying, time relevance; ensuring that information is consistent and free from errors; along with establishing the authorized nature of the source. In instances where by the information pertains to still or moving imagery, the adoption of Fritch and Cromwell (2001, 2002) “model for ascribing cognitive authority to Internet information and the notion for credibility”, and quality has been imparted.
Music means different things to different people, however it is rare to find someone who hasn't been touched by music in some way.
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"Beautiful friend this is the end. My only friend, the end, It hurts to set you free but you'll never follow me."
Metzger, M 2007, 'Making sense of credibility on the web: models for evaluating online information and recommendations for future research', Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, vol. 58, no. 13, pp.2078-2091.
Fritch, J.W., & Cromwell, R.L. (2001). Evaluating Internet resources: Identity, afﬁliation, and cognitive authority in a networked world. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 52(6), 499–507.