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Sir Francis Drake
Transcript of Sir Francis Drake
Drake's father's name was Edmund Drake.
Drake was the oldest of 12 sons.
His family farmed at Crowndale which was about 1 mile southwest of where he was born.
Sir Francis Drake never went to school but instead, his father taught him.
Later, Drake went to live with his uncle, John Hawkins, and there, he learned about the sea. Family History Reason/time of Exploration Drake always wanted to find adventure.
He sailed for England and found riches, explored lands, and fought with Spain.
His first voyage was in 1566 and his last was in 1596 when he died. England and Spain You would think that Sir Francis Drake was a brave, nice, courageous man, but not all of him was good. He was known to be ruthless, greedy, sometimes cowardly, and self-serving. You see, his homeland, England, was a great enemy of Spain. Spain was a very wealthy country. In 1585, Spain went to attack England and that was called the Spanish Armada. Both countries believed in different religiouns so they were in a collision. Starting Off Drake started at sea in his teens to become a pirate and later a vice admiral.
His first voyage was in 1564 sailing to the New World (West Indies) with his uncle, John Hawkins.
This was also his first experience fighting at sea.
They attacked a Portuguese ship that was carrying ivory, slaves, sugar, and wax. However, they were forced to withdraw and go back to England with nothing. What did Sir Francis Drake want? Well, Drake was always looking for new things to do and new opportunities. Tasks If he would complete this task, he would be the first Englishman to do this.
On the way, he would take over as many Spanish ships as he can and take their treasure.
Something that is really interesting is that he didn't even tell his crew where they were going. Ships The ships he used were the Swallow,(the queen's ship), the Pelican(Drake's ship), the Marigold, Elizabeth, the Swan, and the Benedict. "The Troublesome Voyage The year that Drake's father died, which was in 1567, John Hawkins was preparing a slaving expedition which would be the biggest.
Hawkins named it "The Troublesome Voyage" because he new it would be very difficult, start to finish.
Their ships left Plymouth on October 2, 1567 with 408 men. Strait of Magellan The Strait of Magellan is located at the very bottom of South America. There is a little slot that Ferdinand Magellan went through first and Drake followed.
Drake went into the Strait in 1578 and from there, went out to the Pacific Ocean.
The Strait is very jerky and has shallow water in some spots so it was very difficult to get through.
In sailing through the Strait, they lost 2 ships - the Marigold sank and the Elizabeth turned back to England. The Pelican (Drake's ship), which was renamed to the Golden Hind, was the only one left and went into the Pacific Ocean alone. A Secret Plan Drake had a secret plan known only to the queen and himself.
The plan was to go down the coast of South America, go around Cape Horn, and through the Strait of Magellan. Setting Sail Drake and his crew set out from Plymouth in 1577 with six ships.
Right after they left the harbor, a storm came and devastated their ships so they had to return home. After repairing their ships, they set off again. Marrying In 1569, Drake married Mary Newman.
Mary died and was buried on January 25th, 1583. We don't know how she died.
Drake married again in February, 1585 to Elizabeth Sydenham. Death Off the coast of Panama, Drake caught dysentery and died on January 28th, 1596.
Near Porobello, Panama, he was buried in a coffin at sea.
People still search for his coffin at sea. Northern Africa was his first destination and he sailed down its coast. After northern Africa, Drake and his crew sailed across the Atlantic Ocean on February 2nd, 1578. This crossing took about two months. While crossing the ocean, the men started losing their tempers. Thomas Doughty was one of them. He was showing mutiny to his captain, Sir Francis Drake. Doughty was found guilty of this and was beheaded on July 2nd, 1578. Here, they landed on an unfamiliar land. This land was California. The people that lived there, treated Drake and his men with honor. Later, Drake claimed this for his country and the queen. After sailing around the Philippines, Drake and his men entered the Indian Ocean Here, they sailed around the Good Cape of Hope and into waters that they knew well. Here is closer look of the Strait of Magellan. Returning Home When Drake and his men returned home in 1580, the queen was delighted with Drake because of all of the riches he had collected.
He was known as a national hero.
Drake was also knighted on board his ship (the Golden Hind) which was kept in memory of his journey. Drake and Hawkin's First Voyage We do not know exactly when his first voyage took place but it might have been in the 1550s.
They sailed on the Tiger to the coast of Spain.
In this voyage, there are records of Drake making money by trading goods on the coast of Africa. Drake and Hawkin's Second Voyage This voyage took place between 1562 and 1565.
On this voyage, they sailed to Africa to take slaves and trade them in the New World.
They used the Jesus of Lubeck ship, lent by the queen, for this voyage. The Spanish Armada What caused The Spanish Armada?
Sir Francis Drake attacked ports of the Spanish and their treasure ships. He also fought against the Spanish religion.
He and other men wanted war with Spain.
For the Spanish, they thought that England wasn't good for the Holy Roman Empire.
Because of this, Spain sent out an Armada against England. The Armada was sent out on 1588 by King Phillip II.
This Armada contained 130 ships, 30,000 men, 124,000 cannon balls, 2,500 cannons, 600 grenades, 7,000 hand-guns, 12 siege guns, and 11,000 pikes. Spanish Plans The Spanish plans were to sail along-side the English ships, use their cannons to blast them, and board their ships with their soldiers.
Once the English ships had been destroyed, there would be an army on the coast ready to attack. English Plans Since the English ships were lighter, smaller, and quicker than the Spanish's slow, difficult to move, and larger ships, they had other ideas. The Spanish Armada set out on July 12st, 1588.
England and Spain fought for nine hours.
Finally, the Spanish ships that survived struggled back to Spain.
England was saved from attack.
Which country would you want to win? Here is an idea of what the war looked like. After England won with the Armada, Queen Elizabeth wanted to go attack the rest of the Spanish.
Drake and his 19,000 men and 100 ships left on April 18th, 1589 sailing to the northwest of Spain. There, they couldn't find anything, so they headed on to Peniche, the capital of Lisbon.
There, they lost many men in fighting and were forced to withdraw.
Overall, this expedition was a complete disaster. Drake completed nothing. Final Voyage Sir Francis Drake's last voyage took place in the Canary Islands.
Drake and Hawkins left on August 28th, 1595.
In the Canary Islands, the Spanish caught them and Drake gave away their plan of surprise on the Spanish.
They sailed on to the West Indies and there, they restored their ships for battle.
On November 11th, Hawkins grew ill.
In Panama, Drake and the Spanish had a little battle and Drake went back to the ships. This was also one of his failures.
After leaving Panama, Drake and his crew went to an island called Escudo and there, Drake had a terrible fever.
Eventually, Drake died of a stomach disease called dysentery on January 28th, 1596. Important to our World Sir Francis Drake has made a big impact on our world today.
He was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world. We should be very thankful for that.
Magellan's voyage took 37 days to go through the Strait of Magellan and Drake only took 16 days!!
Drake has even been spoken of in the Second World War and in the Minister Margaret Thatcher in 1980 by the British Prime.
Because of Sir Francis Drake, other people can use his routs around the world.
He also made England stronger. Questions How will you thank Sir Francis Drake?
How do you think the Spanish feel about Drake?
Why do you think Drake is so important?
Will you make an impact on the world like Drake did? "Take my drum to
England, hang it by the shore;
Strike it when your power's running low.
If the Dons sight Devon, I'll quit the port of Heaven,
And Drum them up the Channel as we drummed
them long ago." The "Dons" are the Spanish This poem was written by Henry Newbolt in 1895 when Germany's conflict looked possible Timeline 1540? In Tavistock, England, Francis Drake is born
1558 In England, Elizabeth I becomes queen
1564 First voyage to West indies
1569 In Plymouth, marries Mary Newman
1578 Sails through the Strait of Magellan and into
1579 Drake lands in CA and claims it for the queen
1580 Returns in England after sailing around the
1581 Drake is knighted on board the Golden Hind
1583 Mary Newman dies
1585 Remarries Elizabeth Sydenham
1588 takes charge of Spanish Armada
1596 Drake dies of dysentery on Jan. 28th
After they recovered from a storm that hit, they went to Africa and took around 550 slaves and carried them for two months across the Atlantic Ocean to sell them.
In 1568, the ships stayed at an island called Dominica for about two months, but they could not trade with the people on the island for the orders came out from Spain that it was forbidden.
If Drake and his men could not trade, they would force the people on the island to trade. So they sent out 200 men and forced the people to trade with them. In doing this, they sold around 200 slaves.
Drake and his men sailed to Mexico and there, they were tricked by Spain and Drake lost many men.
Overall, this trip was a failure for England Disaster Work Sited A and E Networks. "Francis Drake." Biography. Biography.com. Web. 5/12
Champion, Neil. Sir Francis Drake. Chicago, Illinois: Heinemann Library, 2001. Print
"Francis Drake." New World Encyclopedia. Web. Dec. 4, 2012
Gallagher, Jim. Sir Francis Drake and the Foundation of a World Empire. Philadelphia. Chelsea House, 2001. Print.
Hoogenboom, Lynn. Sir Francis Drake. New York,NY. The Rosen Publishing group 2006. Print.
A and E Networks. "Francis Drake. Biography."
Biography.com. Image. 5, Dec. 2012
Spanish Armada. Wikipedia. Image. 17, Dec. 2012
Bawlf, Samual. The Secret Voyage of Sir Francis
Drake: 1577-1580. goodreads. Image. 12, Dec. 2012
Kilkenny, Niall. "Fredinand Magellan Unmasked at
Last!!" reformation.org. Web. 12, Dec. 2012