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Motor Learning

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Arielle Crist

on 12 September 2014

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Transcript of Motor Learning

Theoretical Background
Major Concepts
motor program
Intrinsic vs extrinsic
of results vs knowledge of performance

- gather information
- put actions together
- automatic performance
Client-centered experience

Emphasized retention and transfer of learning

Based on natural progression
Extrinsic feedback may not be available or may be bias

Limited client population

Real life setting may not be attainable in clinic
Motor Learning
Amber, Arielle, & Samantha
Key Contributors
Sir Charles Sherrington- Physiologist

Nikolai Bernstein- Physiologist

Wilhelm Wundt- Father of Psychology

Edward Thorndike- Law of Effect

Franklin Henry- Father of Motor Skills Research

Closed Loop Theory
proposed that motor learning is strengthened by repetitive practice of the same movement, with guidance if needed

Schmidt's Schema Theory
proposed an open loop process of motor learning. Generalized motor programs were created from past movement, recalled from memory and used to influence motor performance of new tasks.

Dynamic Systems Theory
views motor behavior as a dynamic interaction between client factors, the context and the occupations that must occur for the client’s roles to be performed

Case Study

10 year old boy with TBI
Accident occurred 4 years ago
Left sided spastic hemiplegia
Uses a powered wheelchair
Received a school-based OT/PT evaluation
Seldom plays with classmates/friends
Goal is to bowl with friends
Skill is releasing bowling ball independently

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Modern Contributors
Jack Adams- Closed Loop Theory

Richard A. Schmidt- Schema Theory

Joyce Shapiro Sabari- LOTR

Janet L. Poole- LOTR

Motor Learning Development
Applying Motor Learning to Occupational therapy
OT should know the stages of motor learning and what stage the client is in

OT should also explain stages of motor learning to client
OT assists client in understanding motor goal using verbal instruction, modeling, and manual guidance.


Random practice leads to more long term recall.
Variable practice leads to more generalizability
Entire sequence
Simulate real life scenario

Intrinsic feedback helps establish skill
Extrinsic feedback helps finesse
By this stage, client can do skill with little attention.
Instruction can shift to varying the contexts of where motor skill will take place.
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