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Nutrition

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by

Ariana Donis

on 14 May 2015

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Transcript of Nutrition

Nutrition
What is my My Plate
Importance of Physical Activity
How does Nutrition affect Obesity
Ariana Donis
Health 6-309
5-7-15

Nutrition
Nutrition is providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth
Physical activity or exercise can improve your health and reduce the risk of developing like type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disease. Physical activity and exercise can have immediate and long-term health benefits. Most importantly, regular activity can improve your quality of life
My Plate
Fruit: Any fruit or 100% fruit juice counts as part of the Fruit Group. Fruits may be canned, frozen, or dried up, and may be whole, cut up, or pureed.
Vegetable: Any vegetable or 100% vegetable juice counts as a member of Vegetable Group. Based on their nutrient content, vegetables are organized into 5 subgroups: dark green vegetables, starchy vegetables, red and orange vegetables.
Grains: Any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, or another cereal grain is a grain product. Bread, pasta, oatmeal, breakfast cereal, tortillas, and grits are examples of grain products. Grains are divides into 2 subgroup, Whole Grain and Refined Grain.
Protein: All foods made from meat, poultry, seafood, beans and peas, eggs processed soy products, nuts, and seeds are considered part of the Protein Foods Group.
Dairy: All fluid milk products and many foods made from milk are considered part of this food group. Most Dairy Group choices should be fat-free and low-fat. Foods made from milk that retain their calcium content are part of the group. Foods made from milk that have little to no calcium, such as cream cheese, cream, and butter, are not part of the group. Calcium fortified soy milk is also part of the Dairy Group.
With Obesity on the rise in both children and adults in the United States, the U.S Department of Agriculture released a new food guide, My Plate, to replace the food guide pyramid familiar to so many Americans. The My Plate food guide identifies daily meal proportions for the fruit, vegetable, grain, protein, and dairy food groups.
A healthy diet gives your body the nutrients it needs to perform physically, maintain wellness, and fight disease. Americans whose dietary patterns include fresh, whole foods like fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, lean meats, and fish have a lower incidence of major chronic disease and especially of diet-related diseases. Unfortunately, the standard American diet (S.A.D.) is heavy in saturated fats, partially-hydrogenated oils, refined carbohydrates, and highly processed foods. This diet, in combination with a sedentary lifestyle, large portion sizes, and high stress, is blamed for the increase in obesity and associated diseases in the U.S. (according to the Center for Disease Control, over a third of the U.S. adult population is obese). Diseases associated with obesity include type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, and certain cancers, including breast cancer in women.

Chewy Oatmeal-Raisin Cookies
-1 1/4 cups of rolled oats
-3/4 cups of all-purpose flour
-1 teaspoon of ground cinnamon
-1/2 teaspoon of baking powder
-1/2 teaspoon of salt
-1 stick of unsalted butter, softened
-3/4 cups of sugar
-2 tablespoons of molasses
-1 large egg
-2 teaspoons of vanilla extract
-1 cup of raisin
-Combine the oats, flour, cinnamon, baking powder and salt in a large bowl. Beat the butter, sugar, and molasses in a large bowl with a mixer on medium-high speed for 5 minutes or until the mixture becomes fluffy. Beat in the egg and vanilla for 2 minutes or until it becomes smooth. Reduce the mixer speed to low, add the flour mixture and beat until combined. Stir in the raisins by hand. For the best flavor and texture, cover the dough and let cool for 4 hours or overnight.
-Position racks in the upper and lower thirds of the oven; preheat to 350 degrees F. Line 2 baking sheets with parchment paper. Form the dough into 12 circles, about 2 tablespoonfuls each, and arrange 3 inch apart on the prepared baking sheets. Flatten with the back of a fork. Bake until the cookies are golden, 15 to 17 minutes. Let it cool for 5 minutes on the baking sheets,then transfer to racks to cool completely.
Lays are unhealthy because it has too much sodium, saturated fat, and calories since it has much more than the recommended servings.
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