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Separation of Powers

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by

Ross Bosse

on 4 November 2014

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Transcript of Separation of Powers

The U.S. Senate
100 Members (2 from each state)
Each senator represents his/her entire state
Serve 6-year terms
Separation of Powers
The Constitution distributes the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of the national government among three distinct and independent branches of government.
Consists of the Congress, a
bicameral
legislature consisting of the
House of Representatives
(435 members, based upon population of the states) and the Senate (100 members, 2 per state)
Legislative
Makes
the
laws
of the nation
Approves the
annual
budget
Confirms
presidential
appointments
Raises
revenue
through taxes and other
levies
Regulates
interstate
and foreign trade
Declares
war
Headed by the
President
of the United States, the chief executive officer of the nation
Administers
the federal
bureaucracy
Appoints
cabinet officers, ambassadors, and federal judges
Prepares
the annual
budget
for congressional action
Executes
the
law
of the land
Executive
Consists of the federal
courts,
including the
Supreme
Court, the highest court in the land
The federal courts try cases involving federal law and questions involving
interpretation
of the
Constitution
of the United States
The United States Supreme Court exercises the power of
judicial review
Judicial
an organization of non-elected officials of a government or organization who implement the rules, laws, and functions of their institution
legislate: to make or enact laws
bicameral: having two houses
judicial review: power of the court to determint constitutionality of laws
execute: to carry out or enforce
judge: authority to hear evidence and legal arguments in order to pass judgement on an individual
Article I
Article 2
Article 3
Full transcript