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Bailey Kinney

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of Printmaking

What is printmaking?
Printmaking consists of a variety of processes used to transfer an image onto a piece of paper, cloth, or other surfaces.
There are 4 different techniques:
1. Relief
2. Intaglio
3. Planographic
4. Stencil
Technique #1: Relief
Relief printmaking involves making a printing plate like a stamp--then the ink goes on top of the plate.
Woodcuts are created by taking a slab of wood and carving away any portions where the artist doesn't want ink.
Linoleum Block
Linoleum block printing is similar to woodblock, only the artist carves into a piece of linoleum backed with burlap.
Technique#2: Intaglio
Intaglio printing involves making marks that sit lower than the surface of the plate, applying ink to your plate, and wiping the plate so that there is only ink left in the marks. That ink is then transferred to the surface.
The engraving process involves using tools to make marks into a metal plate. Those marks are later filled with ink.
The etching process involves coating a metal (usually copper) plate in an acid-resistant coating. The artist then scratches away the coating where they want ink to stay and exposes the plate to acid.
The acid eats away at the exposed parts of the plate, creating grooves for the ink to lie in.
This method makes it possible to create extreme detail.
Technique 3: Planographic
Planographic techniques involve applying inks to a completely smooth surface-using principles of chemistry to get the ink to stick to certain parts of the plate and be repelled from others.
The three main planographic techniques are lithography, monotyping, and digital techniques.
Lithography works by using gum arabic to attract water to the areas where ink is not wanted-since the ink is made with oil, it doesn't stick to the parts that have water on them.
Technique #4: Stencil
Stencil printing is just how it sounds-applying the ink through a stencil to create an image.
When it comes to printmaking, there are two basic stencil techniques-screen printing and pochoir.
Screen Printing
Screen printing involves coating a screen in a material that doesn't let ink through, then removing the material to create a stencil through the screen. Ink is then pushed through the screen where it is exposed, creating an image on the surface below.
Now back to linoleum blocks...
Here are the supplies needed for your next project:
Carving tools
Baren (or spoon)
Phone Book
Electric Skillet
Bench Hook
Reduction Print:
What you will be creating:
In a reduction print the artist develops all colors from the same block.
For each color pass the artist removes more material from the block. Each color in printed on top of the previous.
The artist must print the entire edition as he or she works, because the printable area of the single block is reduced with each pass.
In this three-color image of a sunflower I would like the background to be white, the color of the paper. The first step, then, is to carve away all the areas that will remain white. When the carving is complete I print the first color, in this case, yellow.

I print more copies of the yellow than I hope to have in my final edition. This allows for the inevitable mistakes, since I will not be able to print any additional images once I start carving for the next color.

Step #1
Step #2
While all of the printed sheets are drying, I clean off the block and I carve away all the areas that I want to remain yellow. When the carving is complete and the prints are dry enough, I print the second color, green, on all the prints.
Step #3
Once more I clean off the block, carve away all the areas that will remain green, and print the final color, black.

Once all the prints are dry I sort them, discarding any individual prints that have significant errors of registration or color. As a final step I sign and number the edition.

You have two options:
Illuminated letter
make the letter backwards!!!!!!
Full transcript