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History & Theory of Archtiecture I


Mag B

on 23 September 2016

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Transcript of History & Theory of Archtiecture I

1,450 BC
2,700 BC
900 BC
7,000 BC
1,100 BC
History & Theory of Architecture I
Minoan - Crete
Mycenaean - Peloponnesus
Etruscan Period
Hellenic Period
Archaic Greek
AR 131
Greek Architecture
Roman Architecture
Minoan Architecture
Mycenaean Architecture
Archaic Greek Architecture
Hellenic Architecture
Etruscan Period
Roman Republic
Roman Empire
Photo credits: Bernard Gagnon
Knossos Palace. Crete. ca. 1900 B.C.
Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1300-1250 BC.
Photo Credits: Ken Russell Salvador
Hellenistic Architecture
Temple of Hera, Samos. Greece. ca 8th Century BC.
Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens. Greece. 438 BC
Pharos of Alexandria. Egypt. ca. 280 BC.
Photo Credits: Prof. H. Thiersch
Utilitarian & Domestic Architecture
323 BC
200 AD
500 AD
768 BC
509 BC
Late Roman Empire
Pax Romana
27 AD
509 BC
Roman Republic
Hellenistic Period
Religious Architecture
Funerary Architecture
Why study history and theory of architecture?
The course provides a survey of the Classical Civilization focusing on the
Art and
Formation of cities
in the Greek and Roman periods, including the Aegean, Greek and Hellenistic cities as well as Etruscan and Roman periods.
Develop an understanding of the interrelation and influence between the organization of the built environment and the
aspects that shape the architectural character in the classical period
Provide the student with
knowledge of the concept
of contextual responsiveness via underlining
used in varied types of architecture from the beginnings of the
Minoan civilization up to the fall of the Roman Empire

Week 1 --» Week 7
Week 8 --» Week 14
Essay Writing
Written Exam
Written Exam
Essay Writing
Intellectual and practical skills
Knowledge and practical skills
Intellectual and critical writing skills
Knowledge, Intellectual and critical writing
5 marks in the 7th exam + 5 marks in Magazine = 10
Bonus Marks
Intellectual and critical writing skills
Assessment, Schedule, and Grading
1. Location
2. Climate
4. Religion
3. Social & Political
- Proportion in Architecture
–Classical orders of architecture
–Greek temples and civic buildings
–Greek city Planning and Design
–Stone construction and decoration
What to learn from here?
Influence by the sea / trade
Several mountains isolated the population into groups / adventurous people
Abundant marble / Cement of marble dust & lime
Silver, copper, and iron / iron age!
Hot sun, and rain
Worshiping natural phenomena
Personification of gods
Zeus & the 12 Titans
Achaeans or Homeric Greeks
After Troy Battle - ATTACK
Dorian of Sparta
Established the Hellenic Greek
Temple of Corinth. 650 BC.
Photo Credits: Miles Hodges
Photo Credits: Maxted Travels with Modestine 4
Arch of Augustus, Rimini. 27 BC
Photo Credits: Mary of Egypt
Temple of Portunus ( Fortuna Virilis). Rome. ca. 1st Century BC
Thermae of Caracalla. Rome. 212 AD
The Aegean civilization was the first major civilization in Europe occurring around the areas of the Aegean sea
It was centered at two locations; the island of Crete and the Greek mainland around Mycenae
The civilization was only discovered in the 18th century following archeological work
The Aegean civilization occurred during the period 2700 B.C. to 900 B.C.
Two cultures flourished during the period;
Cretan and Mycenaean
The Cretan civilization, also known as Minoan civilization after its most famous
King Minos of Knossos
, occurred first, starting around 2000 B. C.
- Flourished until the period 1400 B.C. then was completely obliterated. It is believed that Cretan civilization was
obliterated by some natural disaster, either earthquake or floods
Not much is known about Aegean culture and societies
The cultures is believed to be
founded on trade around the Mediterranean
The Aegean people were
religious people
with religion focused on
nature worship
and divinities were conceived in human form and represented by
small idols, rocks and stone pillars
They did not have the concept of a supreme powerful God and all sorts of
trees and animals were respected and treated as sacred
The Aegean people were
ruled by powerful kings who built large and visible palaces
A common general characteristics of Aegean architecture was
the arrangement of rooms around courtyards
–This was probably adopted from practices in the Ancient Near East
2 Major Locations
ancient architecture terminology & apply it correctly
the symbolic power of architecture within Western Cultural tradition
the continuity of the Western Architectural tradition in our cities
the functions of architecture within various societies
Thermae of Caracalla. Rome. 212 AD
Odeon of Herodes. Athens. ca. 161 AD
Circo Massimo. ca 6th Century BC
Palace of Knossos. Crete. 1900 BC
Temple of Zeus. Athens. ca. 472 & 456 BC
Temple of Saturn. Rome. ca. 497 BC
Pantheon. Rome. 126 BC.
Mausoleum of Augustus. Rome. 28 BC.
Photo Credits: A Blog Called Rome
Mausoleum of Hadrian. Rome. ca. 139 AD
>Cycladic Civilization<
3,200 BC
Greek Dark Age
Group of figurines from the Cycladic Art. ca. 2500 BC
Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia. Italy. Between 9th & 1st Century BC.
Photo Credits: UNESCO
Maged Elsamny, PhD
Knowledge and intellectual skills
Week 01
Full transcript