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A New Republic
Transcript of A New Republic
With the treaty of Paris in 1783 America was recognized as a new nation. The New United States under the articles of confederation grew in size extending West to the Mississippi river.
The United States faced many issues with its independence. The government was weak and only loosely held the states together. The nation was in debt to France for aid against Britain, with no way to create taxes. The states also needed to pay back their own loans taken out during the war. To raise the funds states begin a series of harsh taxes to pay off their debts and recall the worthless continental dollars
The Constitutional Convention
The leading men of the time gather together in Philadelphia to draft out a new form of government that will better serve the states. All but RI attend the convention. Many issues must be dealt with. The North and the South are divided on slavery. The large and small states are divided on representation, and everyone is afraid of a strong central government but knows its necessity
Virginia vs New Jersey
One of the largest debates was how many people should each state get to elect to the new congress. Virginia wanted it based purely on population while NJ wanted it based on statehood. The compromise came from CT where the House of Rep would be based on population and the Senate would be based on Statehood.
Checks and Balances
All the delegates were afraid of making too powerful a central govt. To prevent this the power of govt was divided in several ways. The states and central govt would share power in a federalist system. Also the central govt would be divided into three different branches each with the ability to check the other or stop their actions
Bill of Rights and Ratification
To make the constitution the new law of the land 9 of the 13 states needed to vote yes. Many States refused to vote yes until a bill of rights was guaranteed. On June 21st of 1788 New Hampshire became the 9th state to Ratify the constitution. RI would be the last to join the Union in 1790
Desperate and poor farmers of Massachusetts many of them veterans of the Revolution rebel against tax and debt collection. At its height of 1000 strong, Shay's rebellion possess a major threat to the United States and have to be put down by force. Though the rebellion was stopped it serves as a wake up call that the new government is not working.
To the people
After the constitution was voted yes by the delegates of the Constitution it needed to be approved by the states governments. Fierce debates occurred between Federalist and Anti-Federalist. To support the constitution a series of essays written by Hamilton, Jay and Madison helped convince the people
A New Republic