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Rawls and Locke Comparison

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Nicolle Schaeffer

on 8 December 2015

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Transcript of Rawls and Locke Comparison

Rawls Locke Both Uses thought experiment to find answers to questions Protecting the individual is more important than
maximizing benefits for the community as a whole "How do government get their power?" "When is a government considered legitimate?" "When is a society considered just?" What are the principles of a just society?" Governments are legitimate when they have the consent of the governed A society is just when free and equal people can agree that it is fair People are born equal People are born unequal Inequality in society is ok Limits should be placed on certain inqualities Social Contract theorist People are born with the exact same set of rights and liberties People are born with different talents or abilities that give them advantages that may threathen others' rights What is "right" is what people agree to Concerned with protecting natural rights from being violated Concerned with ensuring that people have equal opportunity to use their rights Veil of Ignorance State of Nature People will generally pursue their own self-interest without harming others "What is the purpose of government?" What does he conclude? What does he assume? What questions is he trying to answer? John Rawls Theory of Justice as Fairness What question is he trying to answer? What are the rules under the Veil of Ignorance? What is the Veil of Ignorance? Why is Rawls considered a "social contract" theorost? What are Rawls' Principles of Justice? In what ways are we equal? In what ways are we unequal? = First Principle = / Second Principle
(difference principle) The Problem Fact 1: Everyone has the same rights.
Fact 2: People have unequal access to their rights.
How do you create a society that gives people equal opportunities to use their rights?
The Experiment The Veil of Ignorance People have the same rights
equal opportunities to use their rights People may have more money or power than others as long as . . .

1. Differences in money and power benefit those who have the least

2. Everyone has a reasonable and realistic chance to obtain more money or power jnpn
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