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Cologne Cathedral

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on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of Cologne Cathedral

Cologne Cathedral
The Beginning
In the 4th century the site was occupied by Christian buildings, including a square edifice known as the "oldest cathedral" and commissioned by Maternus, the first Christian bishop of Cologne. A free-standing baptistery from the 6th century was located at the east end of the Cathedral. The baptistery was demolished to build the old cathedral in the 9th century. Now only the ruins of the baptistery and the octagonal baptismal font remain. The second church, the so-called "Old Cathedral", was completed in 818. This was destroyed by fire on 30 April 1248, during demolition in preparation for the new cathedral, the Cologne Cathedral.
The Cologne Cathedral first started 1248 but stopped in 1473, leaving it half-way done. It was then started back up in the 19th century and was completed in 1880.
When Was It Built?
Dimensions
The Cologne Cathedral is the largest Gothic Church in Northern Europe. It is 474 feet long, 284 feet wide, and its spires are about 515 feet tall.
Records
Largest cathedral facade in the world. (Front side)
Second largest spires in the world.
Largest Gothic church in Northern Europe.
Choir has the largest height to width ratio of any church: 3:6:1.
Definitions
Edifice
- a large complex system
The Building of the Cologne Cathedral
On August 15, 1248, the foundation stones were laid by Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden. The eastern arm was completed under the direction of Master Builder Gerhard, was built in 1322 and sealed off by a temporary wall so it could be in use as the work proceeded. In the mid 14th century work on the west front commenced under Master Builder Michael. This work halted in 1473, leaving the south tower complete up to the bells. After this, people worked intermittently on it for about 200 years, but not much happened.
The Finishing of the Cologne Cathedral
With the 19th century romantic enthusiasm for the Middle Ages, and the lucky discovery of the original plan for the facade, it was decided, with the commitment of the Northern Germany Court, to complete the cathedral. It was achieved by civic effort; the Zentral-Dombauverein, founded in 1842, raised two-thirds of the enormous costs (over US$ 1 billion in today's money), while the Northern Germany state supplied the remaining third.
Definitions
Facade
- The one exterior side of a building
The cathedral has eleven church bells, four of which are medieval. I will list all them and show pictures of where they are.
Bells
Consecration Bell – 0.425 tons (Wandlungsglocke)
Vespers Bell – 0.28 tons (Mettglocke)
Angelus Bell – 0.763 tons (Angelusglocke)
Hail Bell – 0.83 tons (Aveglocke)
Chapter Bell – 1.4 tons (Kapitelsglocke)
St Joseph's Bell – 2.2 tons (Josephglocke)
St Ursula's Bell – 2.55 tons (Ursulaglocke)
Bell of the Three Kings – 3.8 tons (Dreikönigsglocke)
Pretiosa – 10.5 tons
Speciosa – 5.6 tons
St Peter's Bell – 24 tons (St. Petersglocke) (Great bell of Germany)
List of Bells
Conclusion
I hope you liked my presentation of the Cologne Cathedral. If you have any questions, I'd be happy to answer.

Citations
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cologne_Cathedral
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/292
http://www.cologne.de/what-to-do/the-cologne-cathedral.html
Introduction
Hi! My Name is Kade. My piece of architecture is the Cologne Cathedral. It is located in Cologne, Germany. I choose this because my mom went here on a European choir tour. She showed me some pictures and it looked really neat!
World War 2
The cathedral suffered seventy hits by aerial bombs during World War II. It did not collapse, but stood tall in an otherwise flattened city. The great twin spires are said to have been used as an easily recognizable navigational landmark by Allied aircraft raiding deeper into Germany in the later years of the war, which may be a reason that the cathedral was not destroyed. It has been also claimed that in June 1945 American troops used the cathedral as a rifle range.
Consecration Bell – 0.425 tons (Wandlungsglocke)
Vespers Bell – 0.28 tons (Mettglocke)
Angelus Bell – 0.763 tons (Angelusglocke)
Hail Bell – 0.83 tons (Aveglocke)
Chapter Bell – 1.4 tons (Kapitelsglocke)
St Joseph's Bell – 2.2 tons (Josephglocke)
St Ursula's Bell – 2.55 tons (Ursulaglocke)
Bell of the Three Kings – 3.8 tons (Dreikönigsglocke)
Pretiosa – 10.5 tons
Speciosa – 5.6 tons
St Peter's Bell – 24 tons (St. Petersglocke) (Great bell of Germany)
Bells
Full transcript