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Conflicting Perspectives English Assessment

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Transcript of Conflicting Perspectives English Assessment

Key Concepts and Ideas Based on the HSC Syllabus Module C: Representation and Text - Conflicting Perpectives For English Advanced: Use a higher order of thinking Use critical as well as creative skills Compose sophiscated inciteful responses Analyse and evaluate texts For Module C: Representations of events , presonalities and situations How texts differ when various methods of production, textual for, perspective and language are used and this changes meaning Make connections between representation and meaning Realises there are different versions and perspectives for a range of audiences and purposes For representatation and text - "how textual forms, choices of language and perspectives represent information, processes and ideas." From the HSC syllabus Geoffrey Robertson Biography Born: 30th September 1946 Robertson didn't speak until the age of five and when he did he had a strong speech impediment He grew up in Sydney's suburbs and attended Epping Boys High He graduated as a barrister and began his forty five year legal career He worked as... Barrister Appeal Judge Founder and Head of Doughty Street Chambers Master of Middle Temple Assistant Recorder Queens Council President of Court Distinguished Jurist Member He married Kathy Lette, a woman of similar beliefs, and they had two children together. Robertson was a publicly known human rights lawyer ""I've done my best in the human rights area to put those who suppress human rights in jail." An interview with Robertson on Andrew Denton's 'Enough Rope' He had many strong views, not always the same as the person he was defending His mentor of sorts, John Mortimer, encouraged him to blend literature and art with law He began writing books that refelcted his beliefs He wrote a total of twelve books As well as the TV show 'The Hypotheticals' This ultimately led to... The Justice Game Published in 1998 Chapters to study The Trials of Oz The Romans in Britain The Prisoner of Venda Diana in the Dock:
Does Privacy Matter? Show Trials Michael X on Death Row The Afterword 'The Justice Game' represents Robertoson's perspective on many cases he has worked on and others that he is very passionate about. He states in the Preface that the book is not his memoir or unbias. He adds his own opinion constantly and will often persuade the audience to accept his opinion. He strongly believes in different aspects of the cases he has defended and often adds a sympathetic tone. Michael X on Death Row Convicted of murder and sentenced to death Born in Trinidad as Michael de Freitas To a Barbadian woman and a Portuguese shop-keeper He then moved to England and lived a great portion of his life fighting as a Black Radical A white girl, Gale Benson was killed by men that admired him and in turn Michael X killed the man, Joe Skerrit, who blackmailed him over her murder He was tried for his crimes, in 1973, in his country of birth and suffered on death row for four years. Robertson fought hard for Michael X and wished to abolish the death penalty in many countries. However the public already had their view on him and most weren't willing to change it. He took the case to the Privy Council He argued that waiting on death row in such disgraceful and haunting conditions was cruel and a form of torture. He then tried to convince them Michael should be released on pshychiatric grounds. Both failed and "the dead man walked" in May 1975. Robertson didn't stop fighting, as Michael had asked him to continue. He had said that for the other men on death row, "He was their only hope...they are holding onto every word you say." However Robertson only stopped one executuion in seven years. He argued that there must be a better, more efficient way to carry out the death penalty and he says that most lawyers "are not oppossed to the death penalty" but instead to "human sacrifice." He eventually, after twenty years, received a ruling that a delay of an execution for more than two years was unethical and the sentence would then be dropped. Oxymoron - also a well know phrase. Conflicting Perspectives Language Techniques Numerous perspectives are shown in this chapter, although Robertson's is the dominant one. Robertson believes that death row, especially in the Trinidad gaol, is torturous and inhumane. This is shown through... A metaphor: This metaphor demonstrates Robertson's belief in humane punishment and associates their punishement with an animal being locked in a cage. It describes to the reader the conditions of the gaol and it is delibrately exaggerated to convey Robertson's strong feelings. "I was taken to visit him in the way that one might be taken by a zoo keeper to see the rarest specimen in the monkey-house...thirty men, sweating in the heat, fingers scratching through the wire of their concrete flooded cages, screeching and shouting at each other and at the warders." pg 76 Public opinion was varied when celebrities such as John Lennon, Yoko Ono, Muhammad Ali and Dick Gregory showed their support for Michael. This also shows their perspective of the case. Explicit evidence, in the form of photos, is displayed in the book to show the celebrities' opinion and support of Michael. Robertson writes about his opinion of the gaol warden and guesses what he is thinking and feeling, thus showing another perspective. This is done with the continuing use of the animal metaphor as well as alliteration and an oxymoron. "He would...take a small sadistic pleasure in stopping in front of one man whom he would torture for a moment merely by clearing his throat, and then moving across to the cage of the actual victim." pg76 This again illustrates Robertson's perspective of this inhumane punishment and the cruelty of the men who take pleasure in it. Although it is extrememly bias, Robertson writes in a way that makes us want to believe him. The alliteration emphasises the pleasure the warden feels when torturing the prisoner and creates a tone of slyness and disgust. 'The Guardian' journalist, Darcus Howe, wrote an article on Michael in 1993 and expressed his view of the man. Explicit evidence from the newspaper is presented in the book showing that Howe believes Michael "...made absolutely no impact on anybody." pg 79 Robertson believed that Michael X had a large impact on himself and the other prisoners, however, 'The Guardian' thought the opposite. When Robertson appealed Michael's case to the Privy Council the question came up that "if death row was a place of torture, why was Michael de Freitas so reluctant to be put out of his misery?" pg 88 The court officials and prosecution are suggesting that Michael would want to be killed to get out of the torturous place, not trying to extend his life there. This puts a significant hole in Robertson's case and shows a different perspective to his own. The use of a rhetorical question allows the reader to question and form their own view of Robertson's case and opinion. Diana in the Dock:
Does Privacy Matter? Was Diana's privacy invaded? Who was Princess Diana? In 1975 her father became the eighth Earl Spencer and she was named Lady Diana. She began dating Prince Charles of Wales in 1980 even though he was twelve years her senior. Diana and Charles married in 1981. She worked for many charities and was loved by the public for her humanity. She and Charles split in 1992 after an his affairs were exposed, although she kept her title and stayed devoted to her sons, William and Harry. Diana was born on the 1st July 1961. The press from that moment, took a special interest in Diana, even stalking her at some points. Diana was killed in a car crash on the 31st August 1997, trying to escape the paparazzi. Diana began exercising in a public gym in London. This was public knowledge and many children would look through the window she exercised in front of and "pressed their noses up to the glass and exclaimed, 'Look at the Princess of Wales!' page 344 However one day the manager of the gym, Bryce Taylor, released photos of the Princess exercising in front of this very window. Time Out described it as "The least private gym in London." page 344 Diana was outraged and embarrassed as she thought she had formed a 'fiduciary relationship' with Taylor and thus thought her visits were confidential. Legal or ethical realtionship of trust or confidence. She sued Taylor and ended up "freezing his assets and effectively ruining him." page 344 When he was broke Robertson was then appointed as his lawyer, much to Robertson's distaste. "The task of defending him fell to me." Page 344 The upcoming trial sparked much debate in the media and between the public about how much privacy one deserves. Robertson prepared a case, although he didn't necessarily agree with it, that explained Taylor was not breaking the law in what he did; he may have broken a promise but it was legal. The case ended up being settled out of court in an informal manner, with Diana paying Taylor a large sum of money to say he lost. It also brought up much of Diana's past and how she only wanted privacy when it suited her. Conflicting Perspectives Language Techniques "The two questions must be separated: whether the law can provide recompense for infringement of privacy came first, but the second - whether it was sensible for someone like Diana to exercise the assumed right - depended on a very different calculation." Page 343 Pun Robertson's view varies throughout the case because although he sympathises with Diana and wants a privacy law, he has to defend and give a fair trial to Taylor. Essentially Robertson believes that everyone has the right to privacy and that the extent the paparazzi will go to get a good story is deplorable. He shows sympathy towards Diana. He demonstrates this through a variety of language techniques. "...preferred to act for the Princess: ironically, I was the author of a textbook that analysed and deplored the absence of any privacy law in Britain, pointing out the hollowness of the boast that 'an Englishman's home is his castle' at a time when photographers encounter no legal difficulty in crossing the drawbridge and proceeding directly to the bedchamber." Page 344 This use of a metaphor shows Robertson's support for a privacy law and how brutal and invasive he thinks the paparazzi or media can be. Robertson does admit that its not a clear cut case. He believes in a fair trial and from a legal perspective knows that Taylor did nothing wrong. When looking at this side he is sometimes critical of Diana. However just because he is defending him, he still openly expresses his disgust for Taylor. ""What he had done...was certainly sneaky." Page 346 Using alliteration Diana's perspective often varies also, depending on what source is consulted, however Robertson says she accepts that she was in a public place but she is upset because it wasn't the public that ook the photos, instead it was the man she thought she could trust. In Taylor's perspective he had done nothing wrong. He approached a soliciter who said it was legal. He also said he didn't owe her anything as he had given her gym membership for free. She was lapping up the attention then. Robertson's parents got caught up in all the publicity and Mr Robertson openly admitted he thought Diana should settle out of court. Perhaps his son is an influence on his opinion Use of dialogue provides evidence and convinces the reader of Robertson's case. Andrew Morton felt that Diana only had her privacy violated when she wanted. In the book he wrote he claimed that Diana was happy to help him proof read it but when it was published she was horrified by the contents. He believes that it may have been better publicity if she had acted mortified by the book. Related Text Sixty Minutes - The Inside Story In this report, Liam Bartlett investigated the different perspectives of the refugee and asylum seeker debate. The story looks at various individuals opinions and perspectives. He interviews an insider who worked in a Detention Centre and her perspective is shown. Chris Bowen, the Immigration Minister is interviewed and the cost of running the Centres, $600 million over the past year, is revealed. A Afghan refugee, Neejba, tells her story and gives another perspective on the situation. Liam attempts to visit the Christmas Island Detention Centre. He is denied entry multiple times and guards simply brush him off. They use secret and aerial cameras to get an inside look into Christmas Island. It is cramped and similar to a prison in structure. Boats are coming to Australia every day. Around 7000 refugees and asylum seekers detained in Australia. The camera also shows damage from the fires and riots only weeks before. Footage is shown of the boat crashing and sinking at Christmas Island where fifty people were killed. Conflicting Perspectives Techniques Neejba spent time on a risky boat and in Detetion. She believes that no one would do that, risk their lives, if they didn't have to. They would never do it purely for financial reasons. She and her family know there is life after detention and they are proud to call themselves Australians, as they do in the interview. A long shot is used to show her whole family sitting around the dining table looking happy. Chris Bowen admits that the process of Immigration is expensive but that seems to be his only view on the matter. He is only interested in looking at it from an official, economic viewpoint. He also tries to emphasise that Australia has complete control. The repetition of the word 'Australia' emphasises Bowen's faith in the country and also suggests he needs to convince Bartlett/ Australia Australia Australia The Inside Source or Anne believes that the detainees are very lucky and well off. She believes that most of them are wealthy and should not be getting a free go. She thinks they are violent and that the government is trying to hide this information from the public. Anne has a pixelated face to hide her identity, which could mean that she is afraid to tell the truth or its a lie and she doesn't want to show her face and be blamed. Silence is also an effective tool used to convey Anne's true emotion to what she has witnessed. Kate Gauthier is a refugee policy advocate who accompanied Liam to the Dentention Centre. She has very strong views on the debate and believes that it is very much a humanitarian interview. Her perspective is that these people are excaping terrible hardships and are only doing it to save their lives, not for selfish reasons. Dialogue is employed to show Kate's perspective as well as the use of rhetorical quesions. It emphasises her view. "If your kids' lives were in danger, what would you do? What do we all do? We make sure that our children are protected and we do whatever it is that we can in order to ensure that their life is in safety." Liam has an impartial and varying view on the debate and this is reflected often during the story. He reports from a neutral view which is demonstrated using... Justaposition: the beauty of Christmas Island is shown, then compared to the harshness of the centre. Why is it good to use as a related text? Focuses on humanitarian issues Much like Robertson Has many varying perspectives Has a variety of techniques to analyse It is sophisticated It is topical and relevant to the modern era Bibliography Books Robertson, G. 1998. The Justice Game. London: Vintage Pattinson, B. 2008. The Justice Game. Study NOtes for Advanced English: Second Edition Module C 2009-2012 HSC. Australia: Five Senses Education Internet SixtyMinutes. 2011. The Inside Story.http://video.au.msn.com/watch/video/the-inside-story/x6gngep (accessed 25th May 2011) New South Wales Government. 2010. English Standard and Advanced. http://www.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/syllabus_hsc/english-std-adv.html (accessed 26th May 2011) Andrew Denton. 2005. Enough Rope with Andrew Denton - episode 92: Geoffrey Robertson. http://www.abc.net.au/tv/enoughrope/transcripts/s1448925.htm (accessed 3rd June 2011) QC. 2009. Geoffrey Robertson QC. http://www.geoffreyrobertson.com/(accessed 3rd June 2011) Thompson, P. 2009. Talking Heads - Geoffrey Robertson. http://www.abc.net.au/tv/talkingheads/txt/s2523452.htm (accessed 4th June 2011) Georgie. 2011. Tricks and Tips for Prezi beginners::Blooming Good Blog. http://www.bloominggoodblog.com/2011/02/tips-and-tricks-for-prezi-beginners/ (accessed 4th June 2011)
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