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Ida Tarbell

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Stephen Collins

on 7 February 2014

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Transcript of Ida Tarbell

Samuel Hopkins Adams
Investigative journalist for McClure's Magazine. Worked with Lincoln Steffen, Ida Tarbell, and Ray Baker.
Worked for Colliers weekly in 1905, in "The Great American Fraud" he exposed false claims about medicines.
In the book he informed the public on the unsafe, untested, and un proven medicines being developed and the claims being made about them.The medicines being created were not efficient. He talked about how the drug may say it does this but it could do something completely different. The medivines were a health hazard because of these unsafe practices.
Led to Pure Food and Drug Act 1906, supreme court ruled it was okay to have false claims so he attacked again to help, this led to consumer protection articles in New York Tribune.
Muckrakers Drew this to show people who was really in charge
Lincoln Steffens
Investigated police corruption. Used his column to champion police reform.
In 1901 he became the managing editor of McClure's Magazine and published the influential articles
The Shame of the Cities.
In 1902 Steffens wrote about how cities would boast about the wealth and potential in their town, but they were living in such poor conditions. "He sees poorly paved, refuse-burdened streets, and dusty or mud-covered alleys; he passes a ramshackle firetrap crowded with the sick and learns that it is the City Hospital"
Although his work did not directly affect any laws put in place , those he hired to print articles in his magazine were able to influence laws
Jane Addams
Jane Addams brought public health and world peace to attention in the Progressive Era, and preached women's rights and voting, to make the communities a better place.
First woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace prize.
Founder of social work profession in the United States.
President of women's international league for peace in freedom in 1915.
Ida Tarbell
Ida Tarbell was McClure's Magazine's most successful writer.She focused her efforts on trying to eliminate the monopoly in the oil company.
She was one of the first investigative reporters that revealed the uncovered unfair business practices of the Standard Oil Company.
Her discoveries were first published in the magazine and she later published a book "The History of the Standard Oil Company."
The book talked about the corrupt practices that the Standard Oil Company put into place including their illegal methods to make other companies lose business. One of their methods was to sell oil in one area of the country for much less than it was worth. The smaller buisnesses then went out of business because they could not lower their prices as low. Then the Standard Oil company would raise the price.
Her work contributed to the U.S. Supreme Court's decision to break up the Standard Oil monopoly in 1911.
Upton Sinclair
His best-known novel was "The Jungle"
"The Jungle" was a novel about immigrant workers in the Chicago meat packing houses. It exposed the appalling and unsanitary conditions in the meat-packing industry.
The book caused a public uproar.
His works was a very influential part in obtaining the passing of the Pure Food and Drugs Act (1906) and the Meat Inspection Act (1906)
Sinclair was able to show that novelists could help change the law.
This picture helps us to see how unsanitary and the Meat packing industry was. The different meat is very close so if one spoils or has a bad fungus in it then it spreads to the others very fast. Also if one person becomes sick the entire factory could become ill very quickly because of the unsanitary close quarters in the factory. Along with the other factory workers they will contaminate the meat as well.
This video helps to give the audience a basic idea of what the muckrakers did and who some of them were. Also the video points out five specific muckrakers and briefly describes the major works that they wrote/ created. Although some of the Muckrakers in this video were not included in our presentation, we are still able to learn the basics about them from this video.
We chose this song as our audio because we believe that it does a good job of representing the time period of the muckrakers. It tells a story of a man obsessed with material things and money. At the time money was all that mattered those who were rich continued getting rich doing whatever it took to make money. People hired children because they were cheeper so the business owners made more money. The companies did not spend money on the safety of its workers because they were easily replaced. The song reflects societies focus on money in that time period.
Oh Dem Golden Slippers
Oh, my golden slippers am laid away
'Cause I don't spect to wear 'em til my wedding day
And my long tailed coat, that I love so well
I will wear up in the chariot in the morn.
And my long white robe that I bought last June
I'm goin' to get changed 'cause it fits too soon
And the old grey hoss that I used to drive
I will hitch him to the chariot in the morn.

Oh, dem golden slippers
Oh, dem golden slippers
Golden slippers I'se goin' to wear
Because they look so neat.
Oh, dem golden slippers
Oh, dem golden slippers
Golden slippers I'se goin' to wear
To walk the golden street.

Oh, my old banjo hangs on the wall
'Cause it ain't been tuned since way last fall
But the darks all say we'll have a good time
When we ride up in the chariot in the morn.
There's ol' brother Ben and his sister, Luce
They will telegraph the news to uncle Bacco Juice
What a great camp meetin' there will be that day
When we ride up in the chariot in the morn.

So, it's good-bye, children I will have to go
Where the rain don't fall and the wind don't blow
And yer ulster coats, why, you will not need
When you ride up in the chariot in the morn.
But yer golden slippers must be nice and clean
And yer age must be just sweet sixteen
And yer white kid gloves you will have to wear
When you ride up in the chariot in the morn.
Jane Addams not only told others to fight for what is right and let them do all the work, she was a leader! She was not afraid to stand up for what she believed in. She stood on the front line of reform. She did not just sit around talking about change, she took action! She was the one of the brave who changed the laws of society! These pictures depict her taking action for her beliefs.
This political cartoon shows the big companies like Standard Oli Coany trusts and Sugar trusts sitting in the back of the court room towering over the senate. The cartoon depicts that the power that these big companies have on the government is much more than any other would have including the government. They are jolly old men sitting and watching as the little government workers work and discuss, only chiming in when they need something done in their favor.
By: Abby Nearing, Julia Cox, Averi Joubert, and Stephen Collins
Full transcript