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Summarizing Nonfiction

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Kara Koloski

on 9 May 2013

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Transcript of Summarizing Nonfiction

Summarizing: A Powerful Tool Write the Summary: M Main idea: Identify main idea from TOPIC SENTENCE
(if there is one)
D Disregard unimportant information
A Analyze repetitive information
S Simplify and highlight important
information The main idea is the most important information or concept
in a text or statement.
Sometimes the main idea is explicit; sometimes it is implied.
Not all information is equal: some of it clearly is more important than the rest.
Templeton, 1997 Establishing a focus… HOW?
(process) WHY?
(reason) WHEN?
(time) WHERE? (location) WHAT? (action) WHO? (subject) Using basic signal words… The TOPIC SENTENCE is usually the first sentence of the paragraph.

It gives the reader an idea of what the paragraph is going to be about.  Topic Sentences… However, the TOPIC SENTENCE may not always be so clearly stated, and it can come in the middle or end of a paragraph, not just its beginning. Selective Highlighting: Use your highlighter to identify important, key words that are related to the 5 W's. Don't forget to highlight the MAIN IDEA too! Use the information you highlighted to write a summary.
General rule:
one paragraph = one sentence summary Your summary should:
be in your OWN words
not include opinions
shouldn't change the meaning Don't forget.... Comprehension:
To reduce information to essential ideas in order to:
Understand and learn important information

To reduce information to essential ideas in order to:
Expand the breadth or depth of your writing Why summarize? A summary is: a short restatement of the main idea and important details in a piece of writing Hints for writing a good summary: How do I figure out what information is important? Another Summary Strategy = Summary Frames These are related to the text structures we studied
in class:
Main Idea
Cause and Effect
Compare and Contrast Use the "frame" to help you summarize information in a non-fiction article (see worksheet for assistance)
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