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Miners, Ranchers, and Railroads
Transcript of Miners, Ranchers, and Railroads
John Marshall found a piece of gold on Sutter's land. This nugget was worth $5.12.
The Gold Rush officially started the 12th of May when “Samuel Brannan…arrived in San Francisco, a bag of gold dust in hand and shouting: ‘Gold! Gold! Gold from the American Rived!’
This stimulated thousands of Americans to make plans to seek out their fortunes. Think-Pair-Share Think for a minute about what you know about miners, ranchers, and the railroad.
Now, share with your table partner. Moving West In the years following the Civil War, Americans saw a rise in population.
California was admitted to the Union as a state in 1950.
With a rise in population and the opening of new lands, many people wanted to move west. Comstock Lode In 1859, Miner Henry Comstock discovered a huge deposit of gold and silver in Nevada.
This became known as the Comstock Lode.
Encouraged miners from California to move to Nevada. Mining Conditions Dangerous conditions Ch. 18 Sec. 1 (page 586) Miners, Ranchers and Railroads Mining required expensive equipment and therefore, many big businesses bought land that gold was believed to be on.
Most silver and gold was trapped inside quartz rock. As businesses dug bigger and deeper mines, the work became more dangerous.
Most of the equipment was not safe, such as elevators without walls.
Miners would breathe hot, stuffy air, filled with debris.
Most miners suffered from lung disease.
Could also be injured or killed due to poorly planned explosions or cave-ins. Boomtowns Mining did draw settlers from around the world.
Immigrants from every part of Europe, Asia, and South and Central America.
Settlers and mining created boomtowns.
Boomtowns were communities that grew very quickly as a mine was opened and disappeared once the mine had dried up.
There were no families and very few woman and children in boomtowns. The Cattle Kingdom Cattle industry grew rapidly after the Civil War.
With a rise in population, came a new demand for food.
Cattle Kingdom: An vast array of land in the 1800s from Texas to Canada where ranchers raised cattle.
The most popular cattle at the time was the Longhorn because it did not need as much water.
The trouble: How to get cattle from Texas to the market in the eastern part of the US? The Cowboy Cowboys: Workers who took care of the rancher's cattle.
It was their job to get the cattle from from the plains to the market.
Cattle Drive: Most important and dangerous duty for a cowboy. Herded cattle to the market or to the Northern Plains to graze. These drives could last several months. Cowboy facts: The cowboy got his hat and his cattle techniques from vaqueros, Mexican ranch hands. End of the Open Range As the cattle business boomed, ranchers faced more competition for use of the grassy plains.
1874: Invention of barbed wire. Ranchers could fence off land cheaply.
Competition led to range wars, or fights for land access.
In 1885 and 1886 there were severe winters and overgrazing. Thousands of cattle died, and many ranchers were financially ruined. The Transcontinental Railroad As more Americans moved West, the need to communicate and send goods increased.
1860, the Pony Express carried messages west, but the telegraph sent messages much quicker. Therefore, the Pony Express was quickly put out of business.
Some Americans wanted a Transcontinental Railroad, a railroad that would connect the East to the West. The Great Race In 1862 and 1864, the federal government passed the Pacific Railway Acts.
gave land grants and loans to pay for the construction of a railroad
in exchange, the government asked that the railroad transport US mail and troops at a lower cost.
Two companies, the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific raced to complete the Transcontinental Railroad. Challenges of Building the railroad Harsh geographic conditions
-Crossing the Sierra Nevada mountain range, snow, harsh weather on the Great Plains
Fast paced work
250 miles of track in 6 months
-Hard to provide food and supplies to workers *Just a note: 85% of railroad workers were Chinese immigrants. May 10 1869, a golden spike was used to connect the railroads at Promontory, Utah. The Transcontinental Railroad was complete. But this was only the beginning for the railroad. Benefits of the Railroad Increased economic growth and population in the West.
Provided better transportation for people and for goods.
Helped businesses by increasing trade and business outlets.
In 1833, four continental time zones were established. Ticket out the Door What were the effects of westward expansion? Westward Expansion Effect Effect Effect