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Transcript of Leadership Developement
Recognize an Ethical Issue Is there a social, personal, or interpersonal issue that goes beyond legal or institutional concerns? How will this issue affect the lives or standards of others? Step 2:
Consider Various Ethical Perspectives Which option will do the most good and the least harm? Utilitarian Approach: Rights Approach: Will people's rights be respected? Which option is the most fair to those involved? Fairness or Justice Approach: Which option would contribute the most positively to life in a family, community, or society? Common Good Approach: Which option exemplifies the values and ethics of humanity at its best? Virtue Approach: We should probably include a little section on ethical leadership near the end. We can even ask the class what ethics leaders SHOULD embody; considering it's all relative anyway. The reading on page 126 looks like it would be a good springboard for discussion.
"What should leaders do? As they decided in Billy Budd? Or exemplifying more compassion?" - etc. The Pregnant
Woman A pregnant woman, leading a group of people out of a cave, is stuck in the mouth of that cave.
In a short time high tide will be upon them. They will all be drowned except the woman, whose head is out of the cave.
Someone has with him a stick of dynamite. The Trolley The Transplant A brilliant transplant surgeon has five patients, each in need of a different organ, each of whom will die without that organ. Unfortunately, there are no organs available to perform any of these five transplant operations.
A healthy young traveler, just passing through the city the doctor works in, comes in for a routine checkup. In the course of doing the checkup, the doctor discovers that his organs are compatible with all five of his dying patients.
Suppose further that if the young man were to disappear, no one would suspect the doctor. The Plane Dilemma: Class participation? Five people on a plane.
Only two parachutes One doctor
One teacher Who would you let live? Universal Ethics Love "We have to be compassionate with one another and help one another,to hold each other up, support one another down the road of life"
--Reuben Snake of Nebraska (pg 118) Truthfulness "People will be forced to reveal themselves, nothing can be kept hidden secret--not in computers, not in the halls of government, nothing. People will feel much more comfortable when they're dealing in truth. You converge around and in truth."
--Muhammad Yunus (pg 118) Fairness "I realate fairness to treating other people as I would want to be treated. I think that [rule] serves humanity well. It ought to be part of any ethiuc for the future"
--James A. Joseph (pg 119) Freedom Unity Acceptance Responsibility Respect For Life Step 3: Make a decision and test it! There seems no way to get the
pregnant woman loose without using the dynamite,
which will inevitably kill her;
but if they do not use it everyone else will drown. Now let us make things a bit more interesting.
Say that there are five people in the group:
three are organ donors
two of them are felons.
The pregnant woman is on the verge of a discovery to rid the planet of a debilitating and deadly disease. "Now, what does all this have to do with leadership?" You are the driver of a runaway tram heading straight for a fork in the track.
Five men are working on one track and one man on the other; anyone on the track you enters is bound to be killed. What do you do? Now let's say that the car is heading towards the track with five people on it already and it would require an action on your part to flip the switch.
What do you do?
Is doing nothing to change the direction of the track more ethical than changing the direction yourself, if they both end up with the same result?
In other words, what is the moral difference between "doing", and "allowing" the action to transpire? As before, a trolley is hurtling down a track towards five people.
You are on a bridge under which it will pass, and you can stop it by dropping a heavy weight in front of it. As it happens, there is a very fat man next to you - your only way to stop the trolley is to push him over the bridge and onto the track, killing him to save five. But certainly we can make it more interesting than that. The Trolley
V2 Should you proceed? The difference in this instance is that the fat man is not involved prior to your actions. Yet, his sacrifice would save more lives. What is the right thing to do? What should the doctor do? What if the man was homeless? How would this influence your previous answer? Does the moral character of the needed organ recipients matter? Why or why not? "How would the officers onboard the Bellipotent respond to this question? They'd most likely act with their heads, not their hearts." "Without the principle of individual conscience, every attempt to institutionalize ethics must necessarily collapse"
--Oscar Arias (pg 119) "I was a prime minister for seven and a half years. I can't imagine myself signing a death penalty for anybody in the world. I think that is completely illegitimate, and I think that is the kind of thing a code of ethics should deal with."
--Salim El Hoss (pg 120) "That is what is demanded of us now: putting our community first, meaning the earth first, and all living things."
--Tarzie Vittachi (pg 119) You all have some sense of right and wrong beaten into you by however many years of societal construct and public schooling, so that's not the focus here. Sometimes it's not exactly easy to see what the right decision is. Here's how you can get there. "It is a question of respect for the dignity of each of us, if you have a different idea from mine, it's not because you're worse than me. You have the right to think differently."
--Graca Machel (pg. 119) "We are responsible for our grandchildren, and we will make [the world] easier or more difficult for our grandchildren to be good people by what we do right here and now."
--Oxford don A. H. Halsey (pg. 120) "We've gotten to the point where everybody's got a right and nobody's got a responsibility."
--Newton Minow (pg. 120) What should they do? What should they do? "Ethic refers to standards of behavior that tell us how human beings ought to act in the many situations in which they find themselves" Ethical Leadership So what does all of this have to do with leadership? According to Sheila Bethel, leaders need strong ethics for two reasons:
To guide ourselves
To set examples for others
When we accomplish this, we build trust, ethical cohesiveness, and communication with our followers. "The Leader's first task is to be the trumpet that sounds a clear sound." According to management expert Peter Drucker: This means that we build unity, trust, and loyalty among our followers with consistent, strong ethical standards. Bethel also encourages leaders to have the courage to put ethics first.
As said by the famous Albert Einstein: "Never do anything against conscience even if the state demands it." The best guideline is to develop your own style of ethical leadership and adhere to it
- thus building trust, loyalty and unity with your followers.
Even Confucius admitted that trust is the most important virtue for good government, even more so than providing food: While one should always be ethical, the definition of ethical can occasionally become shrouded, as seen in the previous examples. "Death has been the portion of all men from old, but without the people's trust, nothing can endure." HI CONNOR, i cleaned it up mostly of the extra text. feel free to delete everything, if you'd like. which situation would be more ethically correct-one in which the trolley was already heading towards the track with one person on it and you had to take no action, or commite an inaction, to save more lives? or one in which you had to flip the switch yourself? If the odds were 50/50 which way the track would split, would it be more fair to leave it to chance? I deleted this, and took the other part and put it in to replace it I worried we have too much information for our allowed time...? I simplified a few things too i took this out Reflect on the decision later