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Fluency Strategies for EEC 428 with Dr. Piowlski

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Lisa Lozenski

on 18 July 2014

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Transcript of Fluency Strategies for EEC 428 with Dr. Piowlski

Phrased Reading

Readers Theater

Echo Reading

Guided Reading

Paired Reading
Ability to read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression.

Fluency helps students to decode and comprehend a text.

Reading aloud should be in phrases with appropriate intonation and smoothness.

By: Lisa Lozenski
Fluency Strategies for EEC 428 with Dr. Piowlski
Strategy 1: Phrased Reading
Resources for Strategy 1
Resources for Strategy 1
Video of Phrased Reading
Watch a mini-lesson on reading with fluency using phrased reading.
Strategy 2: Reader's Theater
Resources for Strategy 2
Video of Reader's Theater
Resources for Strategy 2
Link: http://www.schooltube.com/video/e9d922d489144da602ce/
Watch this lesson on how to use reader's theater in a classroom.
Strategy 3: Echo Reading
Resources for Strategy 3
Resources for Strategy 3
Video of Echo Reading
See the importance of echo reading in practice.
Strategy 4: Guided Reading
Resources for Strategy 4
Resources for Strategy 4
Video of Guided Reading
Watch a mini-lesson on guided reading.
Strategy 5: Paired Reading
Resources for Strategy 5
Resources for Strategy 5
Video of Paired Reading
Watch paired reading between an adult and student.

Summarizes and provides example activities for meaningful phrased reading.


Explains why and how to use
phrased reading with students.
Kiehl, K. (2013).
5 Strategies to Improve Reading Fluency. Middle School Teacher to Literacy Coach
Retrieved July 14, 2014, from http://

Heath, S. (2011).
Lessons from the King's Speech: Become More Fluent with Phrased Reading
. The
Joy of Literacy. Retrieved July 14, 2014, from http://thejoyofliteracy.blogspot.com/2011/05/

McEwan. (2008).
Encouraging Fluency Through Phrased Reading
. Corwin. Retrieved July 14, 2014,
from http://www.corwin.com/upm-data/18979_McEwan_Fluency_4_8_Pgs_74_75.pdf?

Rasinski, T., Yildirim, K., Nageldinger, J. (2011).
Building Fluency Through the Phrased Text Lesson.

The Reading Teacher. Retrieved July 14, 2014, from http://www.somirac.org/

Spanfford & Grosser. (2010).
Fluency Defined
. Education. Retrieved July 14, 2014, from http://

K12 Reader. (2012). Reading Fluency and Instruction. K12 Reader. Retrieved July 14, 2014, from

Explains the process of using echo reading with students.


Describes echo reading and the benefits for fostering fluency for struggling readers.

Provides steps for assisting students with phrased reading and gives examples of how a phrased text should look.


Explains a detailed lesson plan to implement phrased reading effectively.


Defines phrased reading and how to model for students.
Breaking a text up into meaningful phrases using slashes to determine the beginning or ending of a phrase (Heath, S., 2011).

Helps students that read too fast or pass over punctuation (McEwan, 2008).

Model how to read a passage with slashes to help students understand where to pause (Spanfford & Grosser, 2010).

Meet with students after they have had time to practice the passage and help them figure out where slashes should be placed (Rasinski, T., Yildirim, K., Nageldinger, J., 2011).


Gives a summary of reader's theater and effective strategies for using it with students.


Explains the benefits of reader's theater and helpful tips for integrating it into the classroom.

Gives a summary of guided oral reading and strategies for effective adult guidance.


Provides tips on teaching guided
reading to middle school
students and how to create an
effective guided reading station
in the classroom.
Cornwell, L. (2014).
What is Reader's Theater.
Scholastic. Retrieved July 14, 2014,
from http://www.scholastic.com/librarians/programs/whatisrt.htm

Bafile, C. (2014).
Reader's Theater: Giving Students a Reason to Read Aloud.

Reading Rockets. Retrieved July 14, 2014, from http://

Readers Theater All Year. (2014).
Free Scripts Catalog.
Readers Theater All Year.
Retrieved July 14, 2014, from http://www.readerstheaterallyear.com/

Zrihen. (2011).
Treasured Tip: Readers Theater
. A Teachers Treasure. Retrieved July 15, 2015,
from http://www.ateacherstreasure.com/2011/12/treasured-tip-readers-theater.html

Kannoncom, M. (n. d.).
Echo Reading. Reading Strong
. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from http://

Bright Hub Education. (2012).
Using Echo Reading with Struggling Readers
. iVillage. Retrieved July
15, 2014, from http://www.brighthubeducation.com/special-ed-inclusion

Stevens, A., Prieto, J., & Berrett, S. (2011). Parent Tip: Echo Reading For A Reluctant Reader. The
Reading Corner. Retrieved July 14, 2014, from http://athome.readinghorizons.com/

Provides what reader's theater
should look like and advice for choosing a script to use with students.


Provides teachers with reading scripts for students of all ages and various content areas.


Displays tips and experiences
from teachers about using
reader's theater in their
Students in a small group or whole class perform a dramatic script out loud using only their voices (K12 Reader, 2012).

Increases students motivation and engagement to build fluency (Zrihen, 2011).

Model reading and teach students to use/learn expression, proper emphasis, and clear enunciation for effective reading (Bafile, C., 2014)

Provide prepared scripts that are of interest to students and allow students time to practice reading the script before sharing with others (Cornwell, L., 2014).

Readers theater can be used in multiple content areas to build fluency and understanding (Readers Theater All Year, 2014).

Provides the process of echo reading and why it helps struggling readers.

Gives the procedure of echo reading and modifications that can be made.


Provides teachers and parents
with information about the
fluency strategy and tips to
help students become stronger
Read sentences out loud while having the student follow and listen for how you phrase/emphasize words, then take turns echoing (Kiehl, K., 2013)

This is a reading strategy designed to help students develop expressive, fluent reading with confidence (Kannoncom, M.)

Use a book that is near the student's frustration reading level (Bright Hub Education, 2012).

Select a text that is around 200 words to not overwhelm the student (Walker, B.).

Encourage parents to use echo reading with their children (Stevens, A., Prieto, J., & Berrett, S., 2011).
Croak, A. (2013).
Guided Reading in Middle School.
Tips & Tricks Teaching.
Retrieved July 15, 2014, from http://

Lesley University. (2014).
Guided Reading in an Intermediate or Middle Grades
. Lesley University. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from http://

Hayden, K. & Grove, A. (2012).
Guided Reading Lesson
. Bright Light Education.
Retrieved July 15, 2014, from http://www.brighthubeducation.com/middle-

Jones, J. (2008). Guided Reading in Middle School. Teacher Blog. Retrieved July 15,
2014, from http://mrjonesed.blogspot.com/2008/09/guided-reading-in-

Reading Rockets. (2014). Paired Reading. WETA. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from

Provides teachers with useful information for guided reading lessons and effective teaching strategies.


Explains what guided reading should look like in middle school and the benefits.

Teacher explains his experience with
using a guided reading routine.
Teacher helps students in small groups to develop accuracy and word recognition with reading, along with increasing fluency. (Hayden, K & Grove, A., 2012).

Students should read text that is at or slightly above their independent reading level (K12 Reader, 2012).

Teacher can work one-on-one with a student or students could be placed in small groups (Jones, J., 2008).

It is important to assess students on a regular basis and regroup students when necessary ( Lesley University, 2014).

Create a guided reading station in the classroom with a schedule for students to follow (Croak, A., 2013).
Simon, C. (2014).
Using Paired Reading to Increase Fluency and Peer Cooperation
ReadWriteThink. Retrieved July 14, 2014, from http://www.readwritethink.org/

AdLit. (2014).
Paired Reading. All About Adolescent Literacy
. Retrieved July 15, 2014,
from http://www.adlit.org/strategies/23354/

Dormston. (n.d.).
Paired Reading.
Dormston Dudley. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from

Junior Cycle. (n.d.)
Paired Reading.
NCCA. Retrieved July 14, 2014, from http://

Reading Rockets. (2014).
WEAT. Retrieved July 16, 2014, from http://

Explains paired reading and how to use paired reading with students.


Provides how to implement the strategy with research.

Explains paired reading and the benefits for students.

Expresses why to use paired reading and the process of reading in pairs.

Explains how to use paired reading in the classroom and practices that are effective for fostering fluency.
Partners read aloud to each other at the same time or by taking turns and providing feedback (Simon, C., 2014).

Students can be paired with a teacher or another student (Dormston).

Pair students by same reading level or high level reader with a low level reader (Reading Rockets, 2014).

Model and establish a routine for students to follow (Junior Cycle).

Can be used with many different types of reading materials (AdLit, 2014).
(Reading Rockets, 2014)
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