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Trail of Tears
Transcript of Trail of Tears
The trail of tears was a series of mass migrations of Indians from their ancestral lands to Oklahoma. Although the Trail of tears encompassed the forceful imigration of the Cherokees, Chickasaws, Seminoles, Choctaws and Creeks, the main tribe the Trail of tears is referring to is the Cherokees. The treaty that put the Cherokees in motion of migrating was the Treaty of Echota signed in Echota, Georgia on December 29th 1835. Furthermore, two and a half years later, the authority part of the plan was also put into effect(the agreement of the other party was obtained), the U.S. Congress agreed to pass the Indian removal Act as a law, President Andrew Jackson agreed to pass this bill into law as well, the Senate also agreed on this law by a single vote, thus in 1838, the Cherokees were forced to move out of Georgia at gunpoint. Timeline: Feb. 1838 Sept. 1839 Feb 1838:15665 Cherokees protest about Treaty of Echota March 1838: Americans protest for Cherokees April 1838: Congress tables protest for Cherokees May 23rd 1838: roundup of Cherokees begins October 1838: for many Cherokees, the Trail of Tears begin now. December 1838: 5000 Cherokees trapped East of Mississippi River, many die of cold Jan. 1839: 1st groups arrives at Fort Gibson March 1839: last group arrives at Oklahoma, more than 3000 people died, 1600 in stockades and about the same number on the route. In 1839, 800 more people die in Oklahoma Sept. 1839: Tahlequah established as capital of the Cherokee nation, modern-day Oklahoma. Being kicked around was our dreams Trail of Tears Cherokee Seminole Creek Chickasaw Choctaw Oklahoma Georgia Echota Indigenous 1838-1839 Indian Removal Act treaty A. Jackson T. Jefferson U.S. Congress ancestral lands Tahlequah 1830 Native Americans voluntary forced decieved Indian territory relocation 3000 1600 stockades droughts winter Ross land water 2000 miles casualities all Indians justified? removal 1838 1839 equity peace all man are equal new home death rate self-supervision petition protest behalf dissolution Declaration of Independance bill laws acts monetary citizens journey miles pain sufferage confinement single vote migration barbaric uncivilized why? what? who? equality death 1835 coldness acres promise $5 million grinds moving American Dream? the psyche of the uncivlized half devil half children demands quest survival five tribes one destination children racial inequality Lewis and Clark befriend Rudyard Kipling White men's burden buisness economy westward expansion allies commerce bossy hypocritical ethnic cleansing civil war population expedition conflicts clashes problems Religon vs science no paintings associations 1835 divide history humanities democracy expressions biased urbanization freedom demos cratius masses perspectives other nations your life lines race relations corruption industrialization power of the people red and white shaking heads MJ figurative