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Waris Dirie

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Lida Aman

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of Waris Dirie

WARIS DIRIE Biography Criticisms? Accomplishments Waris Dirie traveled and spoke extensively, vigorously; she speaks to politicians, writers, famous people to inform them about FGM

She started her own foundation called ‘Desert Flower Foundation’

Foundation raises funds to end FGM, to organize events, education programs and the like HERO...? YES! Female Genital Mutilation World Views Feminist

Social activist

Believe in faith


Universalism Lida, Keerthana, Peter, Michael Childhood & Family Life
1965: Born to a nomadic family living in Somalia.
Age of 5: Female Genital mutilation.
Age of 13: Marriage proposal to an old man in exchange of 5 camels.

Mogadishu: lived with sister and later with her aunt.
London: with her uncle, Mohammed, an ambassador. Professional Life Waris Dirie worked as:
MacDonalds while studiying
Modeling: by the British fashion photographer Terence Donovan. Married to get a passport
James Bond's movie, “The Living Daylights”.
1995: BBC documentary named “A Nomad in New York City”
1996: Ambassador to Africa to speak against FGM.
Travelled and spoke.
1997: biography “Dessert Flower” and Haper Collins, in New York, published it.
2002: foundation
2009: biography “Dessert Flower” was made into a movie by the producer ACTION "I always knew, I was just waiting for the right moment to speak out. Having gained fame and thus attention as a model, I knew that my statement on this issue would be heard. I had a responsibility to use this chance and start a public debate about FGM because of the millions of girls that continue to be affected by it. I always knew that not doing something against it was not an option for me." FEAR "Of course I was very nervous and scared. FGM is a huge taboo in the society I come from and in many other societies too, and in the West, very few people even knew about it at the time. Plus, it is of course a very personal issue. So yes, I was very nervous, but I knew it was something I had to do." TRIUMPH OVER STRUGGLE REBEL WITH A CAUSE Waris rebelled against her country and her culture. She ran away from home, became a model and made the subject of FGM worldwide. All these action are seen as a disgrace in Somalia but she rebelled for the cause of stopping an unethical ritual from which thousands of women have died from. Desert Flower Any questions!? The ability to not only effectively cope with struggle but to be positively transformed by it - Khan

-> Waris's confrontation with the lion made her even stronger •What is Female Genital Mutilation? •Where does FGM occur and who does it affect? - FGM is mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and 15 years old

- FGM is a procedure that is practiced all over the world. About 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences of FGM

- However, FGM is mostly performed in Africa, where over 101 million girls have under gone FGM •Why does FGM occur? - In most societies, FGM is considered a cultural tradition, which is often used as an argument for its continuation.

-In some societies, FGM is practised by new groups when they move into areas where the local population practice FGM.

- FGM is also motivated by beliefs about what is considered proper sexual behaviour, linking procedures to premarital virginity and marital fidelity

- It is thought that the removal of certain female sexual organs reduces the female’s urge and desire to have sexual intercourse, helping them keep their virginity until marriage •What are some serious problems regarding FGM? - It involves removing and damaging healthy and normal female genital tissue, and interferes with the natural functions of girls' and women's bodies

- Can cause severe problems in both the short run and long run after the procedure

- Short run complications include;

- Severe pain
- Shock
- Haemorrhage
- Bacterial Infection

- Long run complications include;

- Recurrent bladder and urinary tract infections
- Cysts
- Infertility
- An increased risk of childbirth complications and newborn deaths

- There are no health benefits whatsoever when it comes to Female Genital Mutilation - Female Genital Mutilation or FGM is the procedure to alter or completely remove the female genital organs

- There are four different types of Female Genital Mutilation procedures

- Clitoridectomy
- Excision
- Infibulation
- Other She published the book called Desert Flower
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