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Copy of Chapter 3: Managing Stress

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by

Jennifer Harlow

on 23 August 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Chapter 3: Managing Stress

Chapter 3: Managing Stress
What is stress
A: Stress is the response of your body and mind to being challenged or threatened
Stress can be both positive and negative!
Positive stress = Eustress
Helps you escape from a negative situation, promotes personal growth, or helps accomplish goals
Negative stress = Distress
Negative affects your body, mind and emotions
Stressor: an event or situation that causes stress
Four general types of Stressors:

Major Life Changes

Catastrophes

Everyday Problems

Environmental problems
Major Life Changes

Graduating from high school
Experiencing death of a parent
Going through a parents' divorce
Having a serious illness
Failing a grade
Breaking up with a boy/friend or girlfriend
Leaving home for college
Catastrophes
An event that threatens lives and may destroy property.

Everyday Problems
Sometimes called
"Hassles"
Examples:
Missing Keys
Too much homework
Conflicts with family members
Environmental Problems:
conditions in your immediate
surroundings
Traffic
Messy locker
Noise
Litter
Air Pollution
Crowded areas
Stages of Stress!!!!!
1.
Alarm Stage
...
Your body releases adrenaline into your blood
begin to sweat
pupils open wide
Heart beats faster, muscles are stronger, and your attention narrows
"Flight or Fight" response
2. Resistance Stage
In a constant stage of stress
move out of alarm stage and body may become accustomed to stress
You will become tired, irritable and less able to handle any added stress
Exhaustion Stage of Stress
Stressor is continuous for a long period of time
Body resources (physical & emotional) become depleted
Recognizing Signs of Stress:
Responses to Stress
How you react to a stressor
depends on how you assess the
situation
Question to ask: Is the situation
a threat to my well being?
Do I have the
necessary resources
to meet the challenge?
Optimism &
Pessimism


Pessimism:
Tendency to focus
on the negative;
expect the worst
Perfectionist:
accepts nothing less than
perfect.

Ways to break the cycle
and reduce your stress:
*accept that you cannot
be perfect
*take pride in what you do
*don't focus on mistakes
A Person's
personality
affects how they
deal
with stress

Take Control of
Time
Management:
1. Track how you
spend your time
2. Make a daily "To Do" list
3. Prioritize your tasks
4. Plan Your Day
5. Monitor Your Progress
Reduce
Tension
Physical
Activity
Relaxation:
*read
*nap
*music
*be creative-play an
instrument
*deep breathing
Change your way of thinking
--avoid negative thinking
--humor

Reach
Out for
SUPPORT!!!
Biofeedback

fi
Resilience-The ability to
"Bounce Back" from extreme
or prolonged stress.
Optimism:
Tendency to focus
on the positive
Mental Rehearsal-
Practice an event without actually doing it.
Full transcript