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Eighteen Professions - A.L. Kroeber
Transcript of Eighteen Professions - A.L. Kroeber
Psychological Social/Historical No Man's Land Biology History ...to include Physical Anthropology as well ...including Historical Anthropology, History, and Sociology ...referred hitherto as... ...referred hitherto as... "The aim of history is to know the relations of social facts to the whole of civilization." 1 Profession Countdown The Eighteen concepts that form the "bedrock" or basis of how we veiw the study of Anthropology today 2 The material studied by history is not man, but his works. 3 Civilization, though carried by men and existing through men, is an entity in itself, and of an order from life. 4 A certain mental constitution of man must be assumed by the historian, but may not be used by him as a resolution of social phenomena. 5 True instincts lie at the bottom and origin of social phenomena, but cannot be considered or dealt with by history. 6 The personal or individual has no historical value save as illustration. 7 Geography, or physical environment, is material made use of by civilization, not a factor shaping or explaining civilization. 8 The absolute equality and identity of all human races and strains as carriers of civilization must be assumed by the historian. 9 Heredity cannot be allowed to have acted any part in history. 10 Heredity by acquirement is equally a bilogical and historical monstrosity. 11 Selection and other factors of organic evolution cannot be admitted as affecting civilization. A QUICK QUIZ TO FOLLOW!! QUIZzical? In Groups come up with responses to the following 1
5 Culture is a construction based on... History is concerned with ___
Psychology is concerned with___ Culture or "man's mind" which has
primacy over the other? Environment has a ____ effect on
culture. Explain why is there "no ethnic mind"? 12 The so-called savage is in no transition between the animal and the scientifically educated man. 13 There are no social species or standard cutural types or stages. 14 There is no ethnic mind, but only civilization. 16 History deals with conditions sine qua non, not with the causes. 15 There are no laws in history similar to the laws of physico-chemical science. 17 The casuality of history is teleological. 18 In fine, the determinations and methods of biological, physiological, or natural science do not exist for history, just as the results and manner of operation of history are disregarded by consistent biological practice. Sine qua non - Indispensable and essential, i.e. Important
- Wikipedia Teleology-The study of Ultimate causes Anthropology, though cast as a Social Science,
is not necessarily of the same vein. We are Changelings therein;
our true paternity lies elsewhere Is divided up into two categories... The first is ... The second is... Concerned with the relation of biological and social factors Old White Man With Beard Old White Man without Beard Draw your own conclusions Can you say Venn Diagram?