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Literary Elements-Oedipus Rex
Transcript of Literary Elements-Oedipus Rex
Oedipus Rex Julia Kroeger, Angela Rios,
Tully Thompson, Nikki Tushoski
and Tamera Owens Irony Themes Themes continued Fate Fate continued Themes continued Symbols Finding out the Truth Repetition of "Three" "For God's love, let us have no more questioning! Is your life nothing to you? My own pain is enough for me to bear." -Jocasta (Sophocles 56).
"I will not listen; the truth must be made known." -Oedipus (Sophocles 57). Oedipus's Swollen Foot "You sightless, witless, senseless,
mad old man!" - Oedipus (Sophocles 20) -Irony of sight - Verbal Irony "I pray that that man's life be consumed in evil and wretchedness." - Oedipus (Sophocles 14) - Tragic Irony "Noblest of men, restore life to your city!" - Priest (Sophocles 5) Sight vs. Blindness When Oedipus mocks Tiresias's blindness, Tiresias predicts that Oedipus himself will soon be blind. Guilt and Shame Thebes is suffering because the person guilty of the murder of King Laius has not been brought to justice. In his desire to seek out the truth and save his people from the plague, Oedipus becomes his own prosecutor, and then his own judge and punisher. Action vs. Reflection Discovering Jocasta, his wife and mother, dead, Oedipus quickly takes his punishment into his own hands and gauges his eyes out. -Three blights that fall on Thebes: ailing livestock, dying children and failing crops
-Three roads where Laius is killed
-The riddle of the Sphinx: "What is the creature that walks on four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three in the evening?" Belief in Greek philosophy is the belief that someone's fate is pre-determined and unchangeable. Oedipus is a puppet of fate, and cannot change his destiny. Oedipus goes to Thebes to ensure that the prophecy will not come true. Attempt to alter fate: By Oedipus not listening to Jocasta, this shows his free will and in turn he finds out that the curse of the prophecy is on him. His fate was inevitable and it influenced his free will. - Stabbing his eyes In Greek, the word Oedipus means “swollen foot.”
Symbolizes the way in which fate has marked him and set him apart from the rest.
Also symbolizes the way his movements have been confined and constrained since birth by Apollo’s prophecy. The Crossroads Crossroads traditionally symbolize a crucial moment in life where a choice must be made
Symbolizes the moment when Oedipus begins to fulfill the prophecy
In the play, the crossroads symbolizes fate and the power of prophecy rather than freedom of choice. Characterization
- Oedipus’ need for the truth shows his arrogance and his determination which in turn end up being his demise
- Jacosta’s blindness to what had happened seemed to fuel her character to side with Oedipus
- Teiresias calmness during Oedipus’ interrogation and accusation provided assurance in his words
Actions: Characterization Actions continued: The truth that eventually comes out
- The messenger that comes and reveals the truth to everyone seems to help us pull all the characters together
* Oedipus came into a realization that he had in fact done an unspeakable horror by killing his father and marring his mother
* Jacosta could not live with the fact that she had married her son and her husband’s murderer
The tones used by each character helps reveal who they are
- Oedipus when he speaks to the prophet shows how arrogant
- Jacosta’s intelligent yet submissive tone
-Teiresias knowledgeable tone
Characterization The chorus
-Shows their strength and weakness
- The chorus highlights characteristics of Oedipus and Creon Direct Characterization