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Transcript of RAD
Disorder) Jennifer Johnson
Psychology 188-002 What Is RAD? What Causes RAD? RAD is a condition where individuals have difficulty forming and maintaining a relationship. Children need a stable, caring, safe, and a positive environment. Their emotional and physical needs must be met consistently. They can develop a healthy relationship and strong bonds. It’s not clear as to why some children develop this kind of disorder, especially when so many don’t. Treatments for RAD are mostly a mixture of psychological counseling, medication and education on the disorder, also most treatments will include the family. RAD was first acknowledged in the early 1980s. At first, RAD was known as attachment disorder. Attachment disorder usually affected infants. Later on, it was then understood that it also affected older children. Therefore the term reactive was added. Fact Usually the signs and symptoms begin to show when children are infants. They can also differ from when they are babies to older children. Withdrawn/sad listless appearance.
Failure to smile.
Failure to reach out*
Lack of normal tendency*
No interest in playing interactive games*
No interest in playing with toys.
Calm when left in a room alone. Withdrawing from others.
Avoiding or dismissing comforting gestures or comments.
watching others, but not engaging in social interaction.
Obvious and consistent awkwardness or discomfort.
masking feelings of anger or distress.
In adolescents, alcohol or drug abuse. When children grow older they tend to develop inhibited and uninhibited behavior patterns. Some may have one or both behavior patterns. Children shun relationships and attachments to basically everyone. This happens when they weren't or never had the chance to develop an attachment to anyone. Inhibited Behavior: Children tend to seek attention from everyone, even strangers. They may do inappropriate things like act out in school or be aggressive to others. This may happen when they have multiple guardians/caregivers and or lived in many different places. Uninhibited Behavior They would develop traits such as not being able to trust, show affection or even be anti-social. Even so, most children are naturally resistant to this disorder, even those who have been homeless have multiple caregivers or lived in orphanages. Treatments •Individual or family counseling
•Medication (for other conditions such as depression, anxiety or hyperactivity in the child or other family member)
•Residential or inpatient treatment for children with more serious problems. (such as putting themselves or others in harm’s way) The goals of these treatments aren't only for the children to have a positive, safe and stable lifestyle, it can also help boost their self-esteem and improve relationships they make with others. Goals of Treatment There are ways to help prevent RAD:
Teach children how to express their feelings and emotions with words.
Be active like playing, having a conversation.
Offer both verbal and nonverbal responses to the child's feelings, facial expressions and tone of voice.
Educate yourself on attachment issues. Preventing RAD Questions?