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Ocean; east of Mozambique Flag of Madagascar Size: 587, 041 sq km Population: 22, 478, 725 Date founded: June 26, 1960 Madagascar's capital, Antananarivo Government type: Republic Top government officials:
Pres. Andry Nirina RAJOELINA
Prime min. Jean Omer BERIZIKY
Dep. Prime Min. in Charge
of Development & Urbanization
Dep. Prime Min. in Charge of Economy& Industry Pierrot BOTOZAZA GDP: $10.05 billion Major imports: Capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, and food Major exports: Coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, clothing, chromite, and petroleum products Chromite, one of Madagascar's majoy exports. Conversion: 1.00 USD = 2,184.19 MGA Ariary, the money used in Madagascar. Famous for any product?: One of Madagascar's well known products is vanilla. Because vanilla beans take a minimum of 2 years to grow, they are quite expensive. Trade with: France is one of Madacascar's main trading partner. Others include the US, China, Germany, and Singapore. Physical Map Political Map Geography Major cities: Antananarivo, Toamasina, Antsirabe, Mahajanga. Major tourist attractions: Masoala National Park, Ranomafana National Park, Isalo National Park, and Andasibe-Mantadia National Park Masoala National Park, one of Madagascar's
Major tourist attractions. Geography Major rivers: The Betsiboka, Onilahy, Mangoky, and the Tsiribihina river. Major mountains: The Maromokotro, Andranofito, and
Vohimanga mountains. The Betsiboka river, one of Madagascar's major rivers. History Madagascar was first settled by humans almost 2,000 years ago. Most of the settlers were indonesians or people mixed with indonesian and african decent. Traders from Arab arrived in madagascar around 800-900 A.D when merchants becan trading on the coast. In the 1600s, pirates used the eastern coast of the island as a base for attacking ships bringing goods back to Europe from India. In 1883, France invaded Madagascar and by 1897 it ruled over the insland, which became a french colony. Madagascar was used as a source for timber and exotic spices, like vanilla. The Malagasy had two uprisings against the French, but the country did not gain independance until June 26, 1960. Culture Religion: Indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7% Major languages: French, Malagasy, and English. Traditional clothing: The clothing in Madagascar is usually a rich combination of various colors. The dye used is natural and is extracted from berries, minerals, and other natural resources. Traditional clothing involves wearing the 'lamba'. it refers to two matching pieces of fabric, one around the waist or chest and one around the head or shoulders. Culture Special events/holidays: Madagascar celebrates the usual Christian holidays like Christmas and Easter, but other events are celebrated like Insurrection Day(29 March), Organization of African Unity Day(25 May), Anniversary Day(8 May), and Republic Day(30 Dec). Literacy rate: 64.5% Birth rate: 33.58 births/1,000 population Death rate: 7.1 deaths/1,000 population Tourism Sports: Athletics, football, boxing, judo, tennis, basketball. Family events/activities: Alahamadi Be(Madagascar's new years day), Santabary Festival, Feria Oramena(A carnival), Hiragasy, Donia Music Festival, and Madajazzcar(A Jazz festival). Beaches: Ifaty, Nosy Be, and Ile Sainte Marie. Tourism Ile Sainte Marie, one of the Beaches in Madagascar Sources https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ma.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/355562/Madagascar/279544/Trade-and-services Sources http://www.touropia.com/tourist-attractions-in-madagascar/