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Julius Caesar and Shakespeare

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Shannon Clare

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Julius Caesar and Shakespeare

Julius Caesar/Shakespeare
Julius Caesar Explored
By: Juliana Carton, Katherine Chiaviello, Christopher Chow, Shannon Clare, Nicholas Costa, and Shamron Koumi
Summary
Julius Caesar is a tragedy written by Shakespeare. It is about the betrayal against Caesar when Rome's republic status was being threatened. As the crown was offered to Caesar and he refused it, Cassius feared that he would lose control of Rome. He convinces his fellow partner in the Triumvirate to join the conspiracy to murder Julius Caesar. Brutus, the true tragic hero of the play, betrays not only his friend Caesar, but his own morals as well. The conspirators murder Caesar and chaos breaks out in Rome. The outcome of the conspiracy is the death of Julius Caesar, Cassius, and Brutus.
Characters
Brutus
Characters
Literary Devices
Symbols
Themes
Julius Caesar's good friend
Ends up backstabbing Caesar by becoming a part of the conspiracy to kill Caesar
Him and the conspiracy are successful in doing so
Brutus hesitantly is allies with Cassius when they are fighting the Second Triumvirate
Brutus kills himself to rid himself of the guilt of killing Caesar
1. Stoicism
Who Am I?
Mark Antony shows true loyalty to Julius Caesar by trying to avenge Caesar's death.
What Am I Like?
5. Appearance vs. Reality
Naive
Cassius convinced Brutus to kill Caesar
Tentative
Brutus refuses to take the oath with the other conspirators
Secretive, uncommunicative
Brutus is not open with his wife about what is going on in his life
Poor Judgement
Allows Antony to speak at Caesar's funeral
Insists on marching to Phillippi
Stoic
Doesn't show emotion after his wife commits suicide
Why am I Important?
Brutus exhibits many of the themes of
Julius Caesar
Brutus is faced with the leading dilemma of the play
Brutus is arguably the tragic hero of
Julius Caesar
Tragic Hero?
High Rank/ Nobility
Dilemma
Hamartia
This is caused by hubris
Catharsis
Anagnorsis
Pathos
Julius Caesar
Who am I?
Part of the Triumvirate
Everyone fears Caesar will become too powerful
Caesar is unconcerned and not afraid about the predictions of his death
ll. ii. 34-39
The conspirators kill Caesar
lll. i. 85 "Et tu Brute?"
Caesar's ghost haunts Brutus
Aristotle
What am I Like?
Superstitious
Soothsayer
Augers
Egotistical
Speaks in third person
lll. i. 64-79
Trusting
Caesar trusted Brutus was loyal to him
Unafraid
Tells Calpurnia, his wife, he is not afraid to die
Why am I Important?
The title of the book is named after Caesar
Caesar experiences many of the themes of the play
Peripety
Caesar's ghost, or the guilt from his death, is what causes Brutus's suicide
Caesar gets the final revenge
Ch
aracters
Cassius
Who am I?
Leading conspirator
Cassius plotted and recruited
Manipulates Brutus into joining the conspiracy
Cassius wants to kill Antony but Brutus disagrees
Cassius starts to become scared before Philippi
Cassius kills himself so he will not become a slave
What am I Like?
Manipulative, Two-faced
Cassius tricks Brutus into thinking the Romans want Caesar killed
Jealous
Cassius was jealous of Caesar's success
Scared
Afraid he and Brutus will be defeated at Philippi
Believes in bad omens now
Why am I Important?
Cassius was the first conspirator who caused all the events
Cassius caused Brutus to become entangled in all the problems
This ultimately caused Brutus's suicide
Cassius is the antagonist in
Julius Caesar
Characters
Mark Antony
Who am I?
Caesar's last completely loyal friend
At Caesar's funeral, Antony tells the plebians to avenge Caesar's murder
lll. ii. 82-117
Antony is part of Second Triumvirate
Bloody, evil rule
Antony has the closing speech about Brutus
What am I Like?
Loyal
Antony is the last person to be loyal to Caesar
Manipulative
Antony promised not to speak bad about the conspiracy, but while he kept his promise, he also convinced the plebians to avenge Caesar's death
Violent, Evil
Proscribed
Why am I Important?
Antony turned the plebians against the conspirators to cause chaos throughout Rome
Antony was a part of the bloody Second Triumvirate
Antony fought Brutus and Cassius
This caused them to become very scared
Antony's closing speech was important
It causes the reader to think about Antony's last thoughts on Brutus, Caesar, and power
Characters
Soothsayer
Who am I?
The soothsayer is the person who warned Caesar that bad things were in his near future
What am I Like?
A soothsayer is like the modern day fortune-teller
Why am I Important?
The soothsayer as a person is not important; it is what she says
l. ii. 21
"Beware of the ides of March"
Foreshadow
Dramatic irony
Characters
Conspirators
Who are we?
Marcus Brutus
Decius Brutus
Casca
Cassius
Metellus Cimber
Cinna
Ligarius
Trebonius
Who are we?
The conspirators planned, and succeeded in murdering Caesar
Metellus pleads with Caesar to bring back his banished brother
They stab Caesar; Brutus is last to do so
Why are we Important?
The conspirators murdered Caesar
This caused chaos in Rome
Led to the bloody second Triumvirate
Led to Cassius's and Brutus's suicides
Imagery

III. i. 115-122
Blood Imagery
gory scene
Caesar's killers smear Caesar's blood all over themselves
this shows how Caesar's killers are happy he is dead
"Peace, freedom, and liberty!" they scream.

Examples
Calphurnia's dream gave signs of Caesar's death
her dream symbolizes a warning
She sees symbols showing that Caesar will die
Caesar reinterprets her dream
Caesar: "Cowards die many times before their deaths"
Caesar tells Calphurnia not to worry
Caesar dies
Examples
Foreshadowing
Foreshadowing
I.i.77-80
Metaphor comparing Caesar's power to feathers
Growing feathers-growing supporters
Flavius speaks to Marullus about Caesar
The people are scared that Caesar is gaining too much power.
Foreshadows to Caesar's death
foreshadows to Caesar becoming too powerful
II.iii.34-39
I.ii.21
Soothsayer tells Caesar to beware the Ides of March
foreshadows Caesar's death
Caesar acts stolid to the soothsayer's words
foreshadows the killing of Caesar
Dramatic Irony:
Audience knows more than characters
Foreshadowing
Symbols
The Sights of Casca:
watching a slave's hand remain unscathed when put in fire
passing a lion who did not attack
women saw men on fire walking down the streets
an owl was seen during the day
these show breakdown of the Great Chain of Being
I.ii.15-32
watching a slave's hand remain unscathed when put in fire
passing a lion who did nothing to him
women saw men on fire walking down the streets
an owl was seen during the day
Casca was descriptive when explaining the sights that he saw
helps the readers imagine what the sights were like
I.ii.15-32
Imagery
IV.iii.168 Brutus is passive when his wife Portia dies, but that held anger creates an argument with Cassius.
Brutus tries to say that Caesar is ambitious, although Caesar refused the crown three times.
2. Ambition
Is true stoicism something to be admired, or something to be dreaded?
I.ii.77-80 Caesar shows no emotion when he is warned of the Ides of March which shows his strength.

Does ambition, or the lack of it, show greediness or modesty?
Brutus was overly ambitious for Rome, which leads to him murdering Caesar.
3. Betrayal
Brutus betrays Caesar by acting friendly, then stabbing him in the back, literally.
Cassius betrays Brutus by acting like they were together, but Cassius just used Brutus to better his position in the plot against Caesar.
Can anyone ever truly be trusted?
4. Friendship and Loyalty
Can true friendship ever be found?
False friendship is shown between Cassius and Brutus.
Brutus refused an oath out of fear, but said it was because they didn't need an oath.
How often are people putting off false displays?

III.i.280-301 Antony's soliloquy appeared to be supporting Brutus, but showed Caesar's greatness.
6. Courage
Does one have to be brave in order to be successful?
Brutus and Cassius go to Philippi and were unsuccessful.
When Mark Antony speaks, he defies Brutus's orders and is successful.
Brutus Suicide
Cassius Suicide
Full transcript